Who discovered alcohol?
Alcohol was around for centuries as a component of wine and beer*, but it was not identified as a separate compound. The first person who discovered pure alcohol (ethanol) by distilling wine was a well known Iranian/ Persian alchemist by the name of Mohammad ibn Zakaria Razi (864-930 AD). He was born in the city of Ray, south of Tehran/ Iran. He is considered one of the greatest alchemists of all time and his work remained in use for over 10 centuries. He not only discovered alcohol, and the use of alcohol in medicine, but also discovered sulfuric acid. Razi wrote 184 books and articles in several fields of science. *As early as ancient Mesopotamia, the Sumerians made an alcoholic substance fermented from wheat and other materials.
41 people found this useful
Alcohol is the common name for a family of organic (carbonbased) compounds with a structure of an alkane (Carbon-Hydrogen)base with an OH (Oxygen-Hydrogen) addition. . The simplest and most commonly known are: Methyl Alcohol orMethanol (C2H3OH) - wood alcohol which is marketed as MethylatedSpirits,… a common fuel and cleaner; and Ethyl Alcohol or Ethanol(C2H5OH) in alcoholic drinks such as beer, wines and spirits. . There are many other forms of alcohol with carbon chains andcyclic structures, with up to 20 or more carbon atoms permolecule. ( Full Answer )
.Alcoholism is a disease that is caused by a person drinking toomuch alcohol and it disrupts his life. It can cause poverty,destroy families, and the physical health of a person.
It is all alcohol. That is the name of a type of alcohol. It is a fatty/waxy alcohol (-OH group)
well try posting ur self singing on youtube find record managers send them a CD of u singing or buy this book : how to be a star
someone who can't stop drinking alchhol and needs it 24/7. An alchoholic is basicly a person who drinks alot of alchohal and some people can't stop, to them it's addicting.. mr westbay
Ok kid. First, you need an agent. Yes, you kind of have to have one. They know all of the inside people and can tell you when and how to get auditions. Then, depending on where you live, you either send in a tape or travel to that city where the auditions are happening. If you are sending in a tape,… make sure you have the right information and know exactly what to do and say. Don't be freaked out by the competition because you're not the only one who can act/sing/dance. Trust me though, you'll get your fifteen minutes of fame. ( Full Answer )
Ethanol C 2 H 5 OH ***** If you mean 'alcoholic drinks'. there's also water, colourings, flavourings (including sugar), preservatives, hallucinogenic herbs (wormwood in absinthe) and up to at least 4,000 possible impurities, including arsenic, polonium 210, benzene.........!Alcohol is a clear d…rink that is made from corn, barley, grain, rye, or a beverage containing ethyl. ( Full Answer )
Alcohol dates back to 5400-5000 B.C. from the residue of wine on ancient pottery artifacts. These archaeological findings were discovered in the northern Zagros Mountains located in modern day Iran. Alcoholic beverages have been used since prehistoric times -- at least 12,000 years. Alcohol itself …was first distilled, by Muslim chemists, in the late 8th or early 9th Century. It is probably no coincidence that good Muslims do not drink, as the toxic effects of alcohol are carefully described in writings from that time. ( Full Answer )
Alcohol is easily as old as human civilization and thus was first discovered in Iran. Discoverer Name : "Zakaria Razi".
well no one really knows as early man invented beer after, what I'm guessing, agricultural settlements started with basic crops such as wheat. beers made from wheat of which beer was probably accidentally discovered starting the first alcoholic drink and i guess people started wondering what made pe…ople like this. I have no idea how it really was discovered this is just my hypothesis ( Full Answer )
It makes people intoxicated Alcohol affects every organ in the body. Alcohol speeds through the body and is rapidly absorbed by the stomach and small intestine and into the bloodstream. . Alcohol is metabolized in the liver. However, the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at… a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. The intensity of the effect on the body is related to the amount drunk and the time period over which it is consumed, the size of the person, the gender of the drinker, and whether or not the person has developed tolerance for alcohol. . Contrary to common myth, not even men and women of the same height and weight experience the same effects from consuming identical amounts of alcohol. Women are affected by alcohol more rapidly because they tend to have a higher proportion of body fat than men. As fat cannot absorb alcohol, it is concentrated at higher levels in the blood. Women also have less of a gastric or stomach enzyme (dehydrogenase) that metabolizes or breaks down alcohol before it enters the bloodstream. Because of this, women absorb up to nearly 30% more alcohol into their bloodstream than men of the same height and weight who drink the same amount of alcohol. Women are also usually shorter and lighter than men, further concentrating alcohol in their blood. Therefore, when women of average size consume one drink, it will have almost the same effect as two drinks do for the average-size man. If women eat little or skip food entirely, that compounds the effects of drinking alcohol . Hormone changes during the menstrual cycle can also affect alcohol metabolism adversely, increasing the impact of alcohol. . effects your heart and makes you drunk ( Full Answer )
Yes sugar alcohol has alcohol. Sugar alcohol ( also known as a poyol, polyhydric alcohol) is a hydrogenated form of carbohydrate, whose carbonyl group .
alcoholism was first discovered in 1843 by a German doctor named Gutstaev Yorketn who was studying the properties of wine grapes and drinking 5-10 drinks everyday. -- Alcoholism wasn't discovered, it was invented. That is to say, there have always been drunks and habitual drinkers, but this "c…ondition" wasn't medicalized as a disease called alcoholism until the 1940's by E. M. Jellinek. Prior to that, it was considered a moral failing. Although others before him had referred to habitual drunkeness as a disease, Jellinek popularized the concept. The disease model of addiction was eventually adopted by the American Medical Association. The term "alcoholism" was coined by Swedish doctor Magnus Huss in the 1860's as "alcoholismus chronicus", and referred to the range of physical manifestations of excessive, chronic drinking, such as liver impairment, etc., rather than the inability to stop drinking, itself. ( Full Answer )
Alcohol comes from yeast eating sugar? Basically alcohol is yeast excrement. Since yeast over doses on alcohol at about 16 percent it is necessary to distill it if you want higher concentrations. (Whiskey, rum, anything above 16 percent alcohol.)
Si wilfred zipagan .when he saw an alcohol drink and alcohol solution he tought that it can be flammable then he invented a time machine to travel to the past.
It damages your liver. Alcohol can stop the transmission of the neurones across the synapse. Can slow down your reactions.
If you drink to much it may kill you somehow because you might get to drunk and do some thing very stupid, Alcohol is also toxic in relatively small doses and carcinogenic.
Yes, you can. If the affinity exists to become an alcoholic, then drinking will make you more and more dependent on alcohol.
The easiest way to tell is to stop drinking. If you cannot do so, or are uncomfortable, or experience mood swings when you do, there could be a problem. Another way is to simply consider how you drink. Can you walk into a bar, or a party, or sit down with your mind made up to have a couple of bee…rs -- and walk out having had only a couple of beers? In other words, can you predict beforehand how much you will drink in a sitting and stick to it? Do you have to have a drink in order to feel "normal?" A beer in the morning to clear the cobwebs? A few beers in order to relax and enjoy yourself? Does drinking cause problems for you, but you keep on drinking anyway: fghts with your partner or others because you were drunk, DUIs, blackouts (you don't remember things you did while you were drunk, not passing out), missing work because of hangovers or because you were still drunk, etc. If any of the above are true, you may have a problem with alcohol. For more, see the Related Links below the ads. ( Full Answer )
We do not know. Alcoholism has been with humans since beer was invented several thousand years ago.
Alcohol intoxication (also known as drunkenness or inebriation ) is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in their blood. Common symptoms of alcohol intoxication include slurred speech, euphoria, impaired balance, loss of muscle coordination (ataxi…a), flushed face, reddened eyes, reduced inhibition, and erratic behavior. In severe cases, it can cause coma or death. Toxicologists use the term "alcohol intoxication" to discriminate between alcohol and other toxins. Ethanol is metabolised to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which is found in many tissues, including the gastric mucosa. Acetaldehyde is metabolised to acetate by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), which is predominantly found in liver mitochondria. Acetate is used by the muscle cells to produce Acetyl-CoA using the enzyme acetyl-CoA synthetase, and the Acetyl-CoA is then used in the Citric Acid Cycle. It takes roughly 90 minutes for a healthy liver to metabolize a single ounce, approximately one hour per standard unit. Ethanol's acute effects are largely due to its nature as a CNS depressant, and are dependent on blood alcohol concentrations: . 20-99 mg/dL - Impaired coordination and euphoria . 100-199 mg/dL - Ataxia, poor judgment, labile mood . 200-299 mg/dL - Marked ataxia, slurred speech, poor judgment, labile mood, nausea and vomiting . 300-399 mg/dL - Stage 1 anaesthesia, memory lapse, labile mood . 400+mg/dL - Respiratory failure, coma and death As drinking increases, people become sleepy, or fall into a stupor. Ultimately, the respiratory system becomes depressed, and the person will stop breathing. The most important thing for friends who witness someone "passing out" from too much alcohol is to get them emergency medical treatment. Commonly, comatose patients aspirate their vomit (resulting in vomitus in the lungs, which may cause "drowning" and later pneumonia if survived). CNS depression and impaired motor co-ordination along with poor judgment increases the likelihood of accidental injury occurring . It is estimated that about a two-fifths of alcohol related deaths are due to accidents (32%) or intentional injury (13.7%) . In addition to respiratory failure and accidents caused by effects on the central nervous system, alcohol causes significant metabolic derangements. Hypoglycaemia occurs due to ethanol's inhibition of gluconeogenesis, especially in children, and may cause lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis and acute renal failure. Metabolic acidosis is compounded by respiratory failure. Patients may also present with hypothermia. An "abnormal" liver, one with hepatitis, cirrhosis, gall bladder disease, cancer, etc., will have a slower rate of metabolism. In determining if someone is intoxicated it is necessary to observe their behavior while the subject is sober to establish a baseline, ruling out a preexisting condition such as hypoglycemia, usage of narcotics besides alcohol, mental health issues, etc. Several well known criteria can be used to establish a probable diagnosis. For a physician in the acute treatment setting, acute alcohol intoxication can mimic other acute neurological disorders, or is frequently combined with other recreational drugs that complicate diagnosis and treatment. Definitive diagnosis relies on a blood test for alcohol, usually performed as part of a toxicology screen. Many patients are uninhibited, especially when legal consequences are unlikely (e.g., no police are present), so they disclose information that simplifies the diagnosis. Many informal intoxication tests exist. Because they are self-tests, they are inherently unreliable and are not recommended as deterrents to excessive intoxication. For example, in New England there is a test which should be considered an urban legend or folklore. Most commonly referred to as the Pinch Test or the Swipe Test, it requires the drinker to rub the thumb and forefinger [of each hand] from the top of the nose downward and outward across the nose, or alternatively across the cheeks to the chin (as if stroking a beard). The test is supposedly based upon one's perception of the rubbing. If the sensation of contact persists (i.e., if you still feel your fingers on your face after removing them), then you are not intoxicated. If the sensation does not persist, it is suggested that you stop drinking. There also exist several breathalyzer units which are sold by various producers. Because they are most likely not the same models as those used by police, it is advised that such devices be used only for personal reasons rather than for detecting one's ability to legally operate a motor vehicle. A normal liver detoxifies the blood of alcohol over a period of time that depends on the initial level and the patient's overall physical condition. An abnormal liver will take longer but still succeed, provided the alcohol doesn't cause liver failure. People who have been drinking heavily for several days or weeks may have withdrawal symptoms after the acute intoxication has subsided. A person who consumes a dangerous amount of alcohol persistently can develop memory blackouts and idiosyncratic intoxication or pathological drunkenness symptoms. Long-term persistent consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol can cause liver damage and have other deleterious health effects. The condition is found in those who ingest excessive amounts of alcohol. Common causes for excessive consumption include depression, alcoholism, inexperience with controlling the amount of alcohol consumed, lack of self-control, etc. Laws on drunkenness vary between countries. In the United States, for example, it is a criminal offense for a person to be drunk while driving a motorized vehicle (driving under the influence), operating an aircraft, or (in some states) assembling or operating an amusement-park ride. This is also the case in the United Kingdom and many other countries. The blood alcohol content (BAC) for legal operation of a vehicle is typically measured as a percent of unit volume of blood. This ranges from a low of 0.00% in Romania and the United Arab Emirates, to 0.05% in Australia and Germany, to 0.08% in the United Kingdom, the United States, and New Zealand. Additionally, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration prohibits crewmembers from performing their duties with a BAC greater than 0.04%, within 8 hours of consuming an alcoholic beverage or while under the influence of alcohol. Minesites in Australia enforce a 0.0% BAC[ clarification needed ] while on shift, thus regularly conduct alcohol tests across all personnel. In the UK and US, police can arrest those deemed too intoxicated in a public place for public intoxication, "drunk and disorderly" or even "drunk and incapable". In the UK and Australia, being "drunk in a public place" is an offence in itself. There are often legal penalties for the sale of alcohol to intoxicated persons. Many religious groups permit the consumption of alcohol but prohibit intoxication. Some prohibit alcohol consumption altogether. In the Qur'an,there is a prohibition on the consumption of grape-based alcoholic beverages, and intoxication is considered as an abomination in the Hadith. Islamic schools of law (Madh'hab) have interpreted this as a strict prohibition of the consumption of all types of alcohol and declared it to be haraam ("forbidden"), although other uses may be permitted. Some Protestant Christian denominations prohibit the drinking of alcohol based upon Biblical passages which condemn drunkenness (for instance, Proverbs 23:21, Isaiah 28:1, Habakkuk 2:15 . ), but others allow moderate use of alcohol Wine is an essential part of the historic Christian rite of communion (see Christianity and alcohol). Proverbs 31:4-7 states a prophecy of King Lemuel, . It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink: Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted. Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts. Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more. . In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, alcohol consumption is forbidden, to the point where teetotalism has become a distinguishing feature of its members. In Buddhism, intoxication is discouraged in both monastics and lay followers. Lay followers observe the Five Moral Precepts of which the fifth precept forbids consumption of intoxicants substances (except for medical reasons). Monastic precepts are even stricter. In the Bodhisattva Vows of the Brahma Net Sutra, observed by some monastic communities and even some lay followers, distribution of intoxicants is likewise discouraged, in addition to consumption. ( Full Answer )
Alcohol in terms of spirits and liquer is Ethanol, also called e thyl alcohol, pure alcohol, grain alcohol, or drinking alcohol, is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid. It is a powerful psychoactive drug and one of the oldest recreational drugs. It is best known as the type of alcohol found in …alcoholic beverages and thermometers. Ethanol is a straight-chain alcohol, and its molecular formula is C 2 H 5 OH. Its empirical formula is C 2 H 6 O. An alternative notation is CH 3 -CH 2 -OH, which indicates that the carbon of a methyl group (CH 3 -) is attached to the carbon of a methylene group (-CH 2 -), which is attached to the oxygen of a hydroxyl group (-OH). It is a constitutional isomer of dimethyl ether. Ethanol is often abbreviated as EtOH , using the common organic chemistry notation of representing the ethyl group (C 2 H 5 ) with Et . The fermentation of sugar into ethanol is one of the earliest organic reactions employed by humanity. The intoxicating effects of ethanol consumption have been known since ancient times. In modern times, ethanol intended for industrial use is also produced from by-products of petroleum refining. Ethanol has widespread use as a solvent of substances intended for human contact or consumption, including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicines. In chemistry, it is both an essential solvent and a feedstock for the synthesis of other products. It has a long history as a fuel for heat and light, and more recently as a fuel for internal combustion engines. In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom, usually connected to other carbon or hydrogen atoms. An important class are the simple acyclic alcohols, the general formula for which is C n H 2n+1 OH. Of those, ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH). Other alcohols are usually described with a clarifying adjective, as in isopropyl alcohol ( propan-2-ol ) or wood alcohol ( methyl alcohol , or methanol). The suffix -ol appears in the IUPAC chemical name of all substances where the hydroxyl group is the functional group with the highest priority; in substances where a higher priority group is present the prefix hydroxy- will appear in the IUPAC name. The suffix -ol in non-systematic names (such as paracetamol or cholesterol) also typically indicates that the substance includes a hydroxyl functional group and so can be termed an alcohol, but many substances (such as citric acid, lactic acid or sucrose) contain one or more hydroxyl functional groups without using the suffix. ( Full Answer )
Probably pretty much by accident. Primative man stored fruits and grains in containers made of animal skins and pots. Wild yeast infected the beverages and converted the sugars to alcohol. Over time they learned how to control the process and the most effective ways of allowing the process to run, b…ut it took many centuries to realize that there was yeast involved. ( Full Answer )
a well known Iranian/ Persian alchemist by the name of Mohammad ibn Zakaria Razi (864-930 AD).
Methanol, Ethanol, Propanol and Butanol is all i know of. well there are lots of varieties... i think you should go to your doctor to find out moree... good luck lovee youu xxx Theoretically, an infinite number. Alcohol is a generic term. One definition of alcohol is "Hydr…ocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring." Hydrocarbon is a generic term also! To complicate matters, Propanol has two structural isomers, Butanol has four, Pentanol has eight (I think!)......., depending on which carbon atom the --OH group is attached to. For example, propanol has three carbon atoms. The --OH group can be attached to either the one in the middle or one of the two at the end. ( Full Answer )
No one know for sure but it was apparently in the Middle East eight to ten thousand years ago.
a well known Iranian/ Persian alchemist by the name of Mohammad ibn Zakaria Razi (864-930 AD).
Louis Pasteur was the first to understand the process of fermentation after having been commissioned by brewers to do so.
Liquor stores. But you have to be a certain age to buy alcohol/drink alcohol. You need ID, a license, and money.
Polyvinyl alcohol was first prepared by Hermann and Haehnel in 1924 by hydrolyzing polyvinyl acetate in ethanol with potassium hydroxide.
alcohol in a severe case can kill you. but it can damage your liver and brain. if children have it sometimes it can damage part of their brain. hope this helps just general knowledge might want to check
It might be the name a particular AA group or other rehab group has picked for itself. Sometimes groups name themselves
the alcohol in thermometers are either non-potable alcohol or mercury and if you drank either then you would be sick. so yes it is sort of toxic.
well work hard do ur best put videos on youtube juz do wat u gotta do
yes.because it is named wheat alcohol so it has alcohol if it is only wheat it doesn't contain alcohol.
The discovery of alcohol was before the creaton of writing, so we have no record of just when, or who- but probably right after a caveman found that some of the wild grapes they had picked had fermented, and turned to wine.
because he was probably the greatest early pioneer of medicine and chemistry. He isolated it and found medical uses for it.
Most do recover. According to a U.S. government nation wide survey, 75% of adults diagnosed as alcoholic (alcohol dependent) achieve complete or partial remission and most do so without any help.
First we have to know the difference between methyl and ethyl and alcohol groups: A methyl group chemical formula is CH 3 - , of an ethyl group it is C 2 H 5 - , and alcohol group means the group contains -OH So methyl alcohol is methanol, CH 3 OH, and ethyl alcohol is ethanol, CH 3 CH 2 OH.… ( Full Answer )
Alcohol can cause liver damage, as well as inhibit hormones that are important to your survival. The liver damaged is caused by there being too much alcohol for the liver to process and cleanse from the blood. Since alcohol causes conditions which are unfavorable to the body. The hormones it i…nhibits are responsible for controlling the bodies water content. If it is inhibited, the body is unable to stay hydrated. Alcohol also - of course - inhibits your sense of reason. :] ( Full Answer )
Excessively high amounts of alcohol in the blood can slow the functioning of the body too much and hurt you. Vomiting usually prevents this problem but if uncertain, always obtain medical help promptly.
You can carefully examine the options for help that are available to you or a loved one. The choice can be a difficult one, but it's important to select one in which you (or your loved one) will be comfortable. There's no best choice for everyone and what works for some doesn't work for others. I…t's also important to select a program that has a high success rate, preferably a long-term success rate), that has been researched and certified by an independent, outside research organization. ( Full Answer )
The discover of Copper dates from prehistoric times, It has been mined for more than 5000 years.
Justin was discovered on YouTube by scooter Braun but usher wanted to represent Justin and so did Justin timberlake so usher and Justin Timberlake had a duel. Then usher won so he represented Justin and Justine manager is scooter Braun. Justin got lots of veiws on his videos on YouTube and got lots …of hits to see him singing go on YouTube and write Justin Singing. ( Full Answer )
Discovery is a function of unveiling something previously unknown. Most people never think of what they don't know or understand, yet they still discover personal things. Most of the things they discover are personal revelations; things already known to others, but new to them. In order to discover… something that has yet to be revealed to mankind you should study intimately a subject you like, have a wide open mind, and observe as much as possible. Continued focus in a specific area is the best way to discover something yet unknown. ( Full Answer )
Proof. Which is basically 2x the percent of volume that is alcohol. I believe it was called proof because in the past bar keeps would water down whisky and only patrons could ask for "proof" by attempting to burn the alcohol. if it didn't burn it had been watered down. and alcohol burns at roughly 8…0 plus proof, which is the ideal proof for hard alcohol such as whiskey, vodka, rum, and so on... ( Full Answer )
No one can tell. Humanity has been making and drinking alcoholic beverages for solong that' it's no longer possible to pinpoint when we started,where we started and who was first. Odds are that several peoplediscovered alcohol independently from each other.
The answers was discovered by the many questions posted and askedby many users in our day to day lives.
Denatured alcohol wasn't "discovered", it was created. It's amixture of ethanol and something else to make it undrinkable (andtherefore avoid paying alcohol tax on it).
Alcohol is an organic compound in where hydroxyl functional groupis bound to a saturated carbon atom.