Inventions
Judaism
Hanukkah

Who invented Hanukkah?

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Wiki User
June 20, 2017 5:49AM

From a Wiki contributor:The Jews. But no single person is

identified as the inventor.

Jewish Answer:

Hanukkah was instituted by a special decree of the Jewish

Sages (Talmud, Shabbat 21b). After several victories over the

Greeks, the Hasmoneans (also called Maccabees) entered the Holy

Temple which the Greeks had defiled, reconsecrated it to God, and

began the Temple service once more.

Among other things, they wanted to relight the olive oil

candelabrum (Exodus ch.25), but could only find one day's supply of

undefiled oil - and it would take eight days to make and bring some

more. Miraculously, the menorah stayed lit for eight days (Talmud,

Shabbat 21b), allowing enough time for new oil to be prepared and

brought. Hanukkah was founded in commemoration of this.

.

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October 10, 2016 7:07PM

Hanukkah was instituted by a special decree of the Jewish

Sages (Talmud, Shabbat 21b).

The Seleucids (Syrian-Greeks) under Antiochus Epiphanes (2nd

century BCE), at the instigation of the Hellenizers, had forbidden

various Torah-practices such as Sabbath-observance and

circumcision, rededicated the Jewish Temple to a Greek idol, and

pressed the Jews to offer up sacrifices to the idol. One of the

leading elder Jewish sages called upon the people to keep observing

the Torah anyway; and if necessary, to use force in resisting the

decrees.When a Hellenized Jew offered a sacrifice to the Greek

idols in a nearby village, the sage killed him as well as the Greek

overseer. This brought a violent reaction from the Greeks; and the

loyal Jews, led by the Hasmonean family, were forced to retreat

from their towns and strike out at the Greeks in an attempt to oust

them from the Holy Land and to enable the people to once again

observe the Torah. The Torah-Jews were heavily outnumbered by the

attacking Greek armies, but God gave them miraculous victories

again and again.


After three years of struggle, the Greek armies retreated from

Jerusalem, and the Hasmoneans (also called Maccabees) entered the

Holy Temple which the Greeks had defiled, reconsecrated it to God,

and began the Temple service once more.

Among other things, they wanted to relight the olive oil

candelabrum (Exodus ch.25), but could only find one day's supply of

undefiled oil - and it would take eight days to make and bring some

more. Miraculously, the menorah stayed lit for eight days (Talmud,

Shabbat 21b), allowing enough time for new oil to be prepared and

brought.


The significance of the miracle is that it demonstrated that God's

presence was still there. The Torah-community was overjoyed,

because God's presence meant everything to them. This is what

Hanukkah represents: the closeness to God; and the avoidance of

Hellenization (assimilation).


The Torah-Sages instituted the festival of Hanukkah at that time

(Talmud, Shabbat 21b), to publicize the miracle (Rashi commentary,

ibid). This is why we light our Hanukkah-menorahs. (The

Hanukkah-menorah, or hanukkiyah, is a special form of the original

seven-branched menorah. Our Hanukkah-menorahs have eight spaces for

oil, or candles, to mark each of the eight days for which the oil

lasted, and a ninth to hold the shamash, a candle used to light the

others.)


The Al-Hanisim prayer which we recite during Hanukkah centers

around the Hasmoneans' victory and rededication of the Temple,

while the candle-lighting commemorates the miracle of the oil.

Though the military victory is prominently mentioned in the

prayers, it wouldn't have been celebrated if not for the miracle of

the oil.

It should also be noted that the main goal for which the

Maccabees fought was not political independence. They fought to

enable the people to observe the Torah's commandments; as we say in

the Al Hanisim prayer: "The Greeks sought to cause us to forget

Your Torah and leave Your statutes."

See also the Related Links.

"http://www.answers.com/Q/What_are_some_important_Jewish_historical_names_dates_and_events"

target="_blank">Link: Jewish history timeline

"http://www.answers.com/Q/What_was_the_pact_the_Jewish_hellenizers_intiated_with_the_gentiles?"

target="_blank">Link: More about the Hellenized Jews

target="_blank">Link: How is Hanukkah celebrated


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