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Who is sunuwar?


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Sunuwar or Sunwar (Nepali name; autonym: Kõits) are one of the indigenous peoples of Nepaland some areas in India. The tribe is influenced by Hinduism. They speak the Sunuwar language. According to the 2001 census, 79.50% of the Sunuwar are Hindu, while 17.4% were Kirant.

The Kiranti-Kõits are one of the Mongoloid tribes (anthropologically: Mongoloid stock) who number 95,254. The term 'Kõits' is also the name of the mother tongue. Other terms like Mukhiya or Mukhiaare exonyms of the tribe. There is another common teasing name (mainly given by outsiders) of the tribe coined from the Sunuwar language itself, e.g. Maaraapaache (lexically maar 'what' and patsaa'to do', from when the speakers ask themselves maar patsaa? at the time of trouble). Sunuwars have their distinct language, religion, culture and social customs.

They inhabit the eastern hills of Nepal. They are autochthonous to the Molung Khola, Likhu Khola and Khimti Khola ('Khola' Indo-Aryan Nepali etymon 'rivulet'). By administrative division, they dwell inOkhaldhunga, Ramechhap and Dolakha districts of Nepal, politically known as Wallo ('Near/Hither') Kirant (in the past and also in use among the Kirantis at present) after the fall of the Kirant dynasty (ruling for about 1903 years and 8 months) at the ancient Nepal valley. Wallo Kirant in the past was their Kipat or communal land. Their migration (mainly to the east) later took place in several parts of the country in Jhapa, Ilam, Panchthar, Taplejung, Terathum, Sunsari, Sindhuli and other districts and abroad in Darjeeling, Sikkim, Dehradun, Bhutan and Hong Kong.