Who refused to secede from federal union?
Four slave-states of the Upper South - Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland and Delaware.
No. A state cannot secede from the union. Particualry the United States, once a state joins the Union it becomes under the protection of the Union. The union always has the best interests of its states in mind as a logically functioning principle. If a state wants to secede for the purpose of weakening the Union that state will be considered a rebel of the Union, as in the case of the US civil War…
South Carolina had several reasonably valid arguments for why it should be able to secede. The best of these arguments was that the Constitution states that all powers not specifically assigned to the federal government remain with the states. The Constitution does not specifically state that the federal government has the right to remove states from the union, or to force states to stay in the union. Since the federal government wasn't given that power…
After US President Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to end the armed rebellion of the Southern slave states, other slave states felt threatened. They knew Lincoln and the Republican Party was anti-slavery. The four states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas, sought the protection of the new Confederacy.
When the confederacy was formed, the current Texas governor felt his troops were best served by fighting Native American wars and refused to send any troops to the East to fight in the confederacy. However, after he left office, Texas joined. Kentucky and Missouri refused to secede from the Union but rump groups declared secession.
Who suggested that the south should secede from the union if an agreement could not be reached slavery?
The south did not secede because of slavery. The States belong to the people, not the Federal Government. Treason is a defined crime in the Constitution, and the law of the land stopped the day the South seceded. Tenth Amendment allows secession, and the Union was wrong to not to recognize the sovereign nation of the CSA.
Actually, any state can secede from the U.S. if, by the will of the people, it choses to. Texas is unique in that, during its joining of the Union, it emphasized its own independence from the federal government. However, such an action in a country bent on political correctness and pluralism, would be almost impossible to succeed.