Asked in History of the United StatesWar and Military HistoryAmerican Revolution
Who was General Cornwallis?
February 26, 2012 11:21AM
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (31 December
1738 - 5 October 1805) was a British military commander and
colonial governor. In the United States, he is best remembered as
one of the leading British generals in the American Revolutionary
War. His 1781 defeat by a combined American-French force at the
Siege of Yorktown is generally considered the end of the war, as
the bulk of British troops surrendered with Cornwallis; minor
skirmishes continued for two more years. In India, where he served
two terms as governor general, he is remembered for promulgating
the Permanent Settlement. As Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he argued
for Catholic emancipation.
In the American Revolutionary War, he was a British General. He lead in many wars at that time, but is most known for surrendering in Battle of Yorktown. This was one of the final battles of the Rev. War, thus Gen. Cornwallis let the Americans win due to this surrender.