Why are Syria and Israel fighting for territory?

Syria and Israel are not fighting for territory, and at the present time (May 2011),

are not fighting at all. (The Syrian government has other, internal, things to worry

about right now.)

The last direct conflict between Israel and Syria took place in 1973, and the last time any territory passed from one to the other was in 1967.

Israeli forces captured the Golan Heights from Syria in 1967. That area was of interest

to Israel because it had become such a popular spot from which to launch rockets and

artillery upon Israeli farms in the valley below. That kind of behavior has been drastically

reduced since Syria was denied access to the Golan in 1967.

During the Yom Kippur War in 1973, Israeli forces penetrated to within 40 km of Damascus

(that's the capital of Syria), but took no additional territory. Syria has been content with

supplying and supporting its surrogates in Lebanon since then, and neither Israel nor

Syria has conducted any operations across their mutual border since 1973.