World War 2

Why did Italy invade Greece in 1940?



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The axis needed Greece in order to control East Mediterranean and have a safe passage to Egypt and the oil resources there. It was also needed so that the Germans would safely advance to Russia at the North.

However the Italian defeat at the Albanian-Greek borders was a significant delay of the axis deployment, so that the allies would have enough time to organize their defenses in North Africa. When the Germans finally came to Greece through Bulgaria and conquered the country, the allies were ready in Egypt and it was already winter in Russia.