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China and Chinese Territories
Taiwan

Why is Taiwan claimed by china but they have a democratic government?

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May 22, 2017 11:30PM

You'd need to check out history books for details, but basically here's what it boils down to:

There was a civil war in China (at the time formally known as the Republic of China). The Communists won and renamed the nation the Peoples' Republic of China. The leadership of the Republic of China and about 2 million sympathizers retreated/escaped to the island of Formosa and formed a (democratic) government-in-exile there.

Both the RoC and the PRC claim to be the legitimate government of all of China (the mainland and Formosa/Taiwan). This is an extremely touchy subject. The PRC insists that other governments not recognize the RoC as a sovereign nation; most other governments do not OFFICIALLY recognize the RoC as a sovereign nation but treat it as if it were one anyway in every way that matters. For example, the US does not have an "embassy" in Taiwan. Instead there is a "non-profit organization" (operating under the auspices of the United States but not ... officially ... a US government agency) called the American Institute in Taiwan which serves the same functions as an embassy, but which is not ... officially ... an embassy; Taiwan does not have an "embassy" in the United States, but rather maintains the Taipei Economic and Cultural Relations Office which serves the same functions as an embassy but again is not ... officially ... one.