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2010-10-23 17:15:30
2010-10-23 17:15:30

this may indicate a brain injury

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The clear liquid could be indicative of a basilar skull fracture.


A nasopharyngeal airway, (aka NPA or a nasal trumpet), is a tube inserted into the nasal passageway of an unconscious victim to provide an open airway (when unconscious the jaw muscles relax and the tongue to falls back obstructing the airway).NPA is contraindicated (not used) in patients with severe head or facial injuries, or a basilar skull fracture (Battle's sign, raccoon eyes, cerebrospinal fluid/blood from ears, etc.) due to the possibility of direct contact with brain tissue.


A nasopharyngeal airway, (aka NPA or a nasal trumpet), is a tube inserted into the nasal passageway of an unconscious victim to provide an open airway (when unconscious the jaw muscles relax and the tongue to falls back obstructing the airway).NPA is contraindicated (not used) in patients with severe head or facial injuries, or a basilar skull fracture (Battle's sign, raccoon eyes, cerebrospinal fluid/blood from ears, etc.) due to the possibility of direct contact with brain tissue.


The nasopharyngeal airway is a piece of equipment used in healthcare for unconscious patients. The airway should be lubricated with a water based lubricant before insertion.


The nasopharyngeal airway is a piece of equipment used in healthcare for unconscious patients. The airway should be lubricated with a water based lubricant before insertion.


The nasopharyngeal airway is a piece of equipment used in healthcare for unconscious patients. The airway should be lubricated with a water based lubricant before insertion.


The nasopharyngeal airway is a piece of equipment used in healthcare for unconscious patients. The airway should be lubricated with a water based lubricant before insertion.


A nasopharyngeal airway is contraindicated in the following situations:- Evidence of Battle's Sign (bruising behind the ear)- Severe facial of cranial injuries.- Signs of cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) or raccoon eyes.NB: the clear fluid coming out of the patient's nose or ears is most likely CSF. CSF protects and insulates the brain, and can leak from the skull if there is head trauma.The above situations indicate the possibility of a traumatic brain injury (previously termed 'head injury'). The risk of the nasopharyngeal airway intruding with the brain is fairly high so as a precaution, an alternative airway is used. An oropharyngeal airway would be a better alternative in a patient with suspected traumatic brain injury.A nasopharyngeal airway, (aka NPA or a nasal trumpet), is a tube inserted into the nasal passageway of an unconscious victim to provide an open airway (when unconscious the jaw muscles relax and the tongue to falls back obstructing the airway).NPA is contraindicated (not used) in patients with severe head or facial injuries, or a basilar skull fracture (Battle's sign, raccoon eyes, cerebrospinal fluid/blood from ears, etc.) due to the possibility of direct contact with brain tissue.



If there is no other chest or abdominal injury, and the patient is awake and conscious there is no need to worry about the airway


To open the airway use the head tilt chin lift method.


To open the airway use the head tilt chin lift method.


Head (Unless you're a Fighter pilot... Then of course you'll miss this question, because the words "Cranium", "Skull" and "Noggin" are not available options)


You should use an OPA (oropharyngeal airway) or NPA (nasopharyngeal airway) in less severe cases of upper airway obstruction. For example, an OPA or NPA can be helpful in a child with Pierre-Robin Syndrome causing obstruction of the upper airway at the level of the tongue. An OPA should ONLY be used in an unconscious patient, as it will stimulate gagging. NPA's should be inserted carefully to avoid nasopharyngeal trauma and bleeding. NPA's are CONTRAINDICATED in severe head or facial injuries (bruising behind the ears, raccoon eyes, blood or clear fluid leaking out of the ears or nose), patients on anticoagulants, patients with nasal infections, and patients with nasal deformities.A nasopharyngeal airway is used when you don't want to intubate the victim. Sometimes all you need is that open airway.Open airway


Re-position the airway, check for objects obstructing the airway, then attempt rescue breaths again.



Semper Fidelis combat lifesavers!




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