Why were Muslims in Iran opposed to the shah?

The overwhelming majority of Iranians were Muslims, so there is no really no difference between asking this question and asking why Iranians in general were opposed to the Shah. People opposed the Shah from nearly every political perspective. These include:
  • Some said that the Shah was not religious enough
  • Some believed that the Shah's policies were too oppressive
  • Some believed that the Shah was modernizing without preserving Iran's cultural heritage and others were angry that he was moving too slowly
  • Some believed that the Shah was a sellout to foreign interests and others believed his foreign focuses were too narrow.
  • Some believed that the Shah did not grant women enough rights and others thought that women had too many rights.
  • Some believed that the Shah should have encouraged more middle class growth and others believe he should have put more capital into industry.
  • Some wanted more privatization and others wanted more nationalization.


If the intended question was "Why were Fundamentalist Muslims in Iran opposed to the Shah?", please see the Related Question below which deals specifically with them.