The German army had delivered a crushing blow to Russia at Tannenberg at the start of the war and had been driving eastwards. The Russians were threatened by a Turkish advance through the Caucasus and appealed to their allies for assistance. Gaining control of the Dardanelles would re-establish communications with Russia and release wheat and shipping locked in the Black Sea by Turkey.
The British Royal Navy could have gone a long way towards achieving these goals by steaming through the Dardanelles straits in November 1914 and shelling Constantinople (now Istanbul) and perhaps putting the government to flight. Instead, they cautiously tested the range of the Turkish guns by bombarding the shore batteries.
The Turkish commanders immediately became aware of their vulnerability to further attacks and strengthened their defenses to include carefully laid minefields, well-sited guns and searchlights that swept the narrows at night.
Three months later, a British and French fleet that included 18 battleships, attempted to force its way through to Constantinople. Three capital ships were lost and three crippled.
Unknown to the Allies, the Turkish gun batteries had almost exhausted their ammunition supplies in this effort, and the fleet could have sailed on through the straits with little further damage. Instead, the naval commanders came to the conclusion that they could not force their way through the Dardanelles unless troops were first sent to occupy the Gallipoli Peninsula in force to silence the Turkish guns. Planning for the landing of troops on Gallipoli commenced.
No. Gallipoli was a major defeat for the Anzacs.
The ANZACs withdrew from Gallipoli in December 1915.
the anzacs landed at gallipoli on the 25th of April 1915 they arrived at 4.30am
At Gallipoli the Anzacs fought with the Ottoman Turks who were allies of the Central powers.
The ANZACS were sent to invade the Gallipoli Peninsula to provide a strong-enough force to secure a trade route through which the Allies could deliver supplies to Russia. An ANZAC is a member of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
the anzacs wouldn't sleep somet
The ANZACs trained at Cairo, in Egypt before they went to fight in Gallipoli.
300 anzacs died on the first day of the gallipoli campaign
In the trenches.
on a boat
The ANZACS went to Cairo on December 4th, 1914 so they could train and prepare for what was ahead in Gallipoli.
There was no victory for the ANZACs in Turkey. Sadly, the entire Gallipoli campaign was a failure for everyone but the Turks.
The ANZACs landed at ANZAC Cove, which was previously known as Ari Birun. It was renamed shortly after the Gallipoli landings.
how many anzacs survied gallipoli
8,000 Anzacs including 275 Aboriginals
It was summer in the time the Anzacs were on the Gallipoli Peninsula, so the weather was hot and dry. There was lack of water. They ate mostly bully beef, Ticklers jam and hard tack. Their food was sometimes supplemented by parcels sent from home.
They were at gallipoli for 8 months battling in trench warfare
not the anzacs
The ANZACs landed in Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, just before dawn - around 4:30am.