When Emperor Constantine came to power he granted the Christian Church state privileges and patronage, but this was only to apply to the Catholic-Orthodox branch of Christianity. While he ensured the return of any Church property to this branch of Christianity, he permitted the property of the Gnostic branch to remain expropriated. throughout the fourth century, the Gnostics were treated as heretics and persecuted, along with the pagans.
When Emperor Theodosius declared Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 CE, ha added that this was Christianity "as preached by the bishops of Rome and Alexandria," thus outlawing the Arian Church and the Gnostics sects. The bishops led Christian mobs in burning all publications, some extremely ancient, that did not further the objectives of the official Church. So, not only were the pagan books burnt and destroyed, so also were the sacred texts of the Gnostics. Some Gnostic gospels and other texts were hidden to avoid destruction, including the library at Nag Hammadi in Egypt, where the extremely dry air has allowed the Gnostic gospels to be preserved up to their twentieth-century discovery.
The Gnostic gospels were banned and then almost destroyed out of intolerance, bigotry and prejudice.
A:I believe that the Gnostic gospels are no more or less true than the gospels that were accepted by the dominant brach of Christianity, becoming part of what we now know as the New Testament. The incompatibility between the Gnostic gospels and the form of Christian teaching in the 'Catholic-Orthodox' Church inevitably meant that the Gnostic gospels would be banned, along with the Gnostic Churches.
The Gnostic Gospels are based on the teachings of spiritual leaders including Jesus. The Gnostic Gospels are fifty-two ancient texts not in the Bible we read today.
A:Many of the banned Gnostic gospels were found in 1945 at the Jabal al Tanf, a huge cliff across the Nile River from the town of Nag Hammadi. They had been hidden by Gnostic Christians in a large red earthenware jar, to avoid destruction by mobs from mainstream Christianity bent on destroying all literature that did not serve a purpose for their own Church.
The Bible doesn't say, but the Gnostic Bible and some Banned Gospels give some notes, specifically the Book of Jubilees.
A:John Dominic Crossan (The Birth of Christianity) says that the evidence we have suggests that gnostic gospels were equally prevalent during the earliest decades of Christianity as were the gospels that became the canonical gospels. The difference is that one branch of Christianity went to dominate and eventually destroy the Gnostic branch and then order the destruction of all gnostic texts. What we can learn from the gnostic gospels is what perhaps as many as half the earliest Christians believed. Such knowledge is important for historians and biblical scholars, as well as interesting in its own right, but much of it is heresy today.
None of the 4 Gospels - Matthew, Mark, Luke and John - are part of the 52 ancient texts written in circa 2th to the 4th centuries A.D.. These gnostic writings are part of the New Testament 'apocrypha.'
It is one of many Gnostic gospels, which are false gospels produced by people who were Gnostics, an early religious cult. See the Related Link below.
Yes there are ones like the Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel of Mary. These are known as Gnostic Gospels. See link provided below for more detailed information.
The New Testament was originally written in Greek although there are older Gnostic Gospels written in Coptic (Egyptian).
They don't say anything about Catholics, because there was no Catholic church as such at the time.
No gospels were taken "out" of the original Bible. This is a claim that is central to the books by Dan Brown, but has no basis in fact. There are other books that are labeled Gospels, such as the Gospel of Thomas, which were known in some parts of the early church but never given the same status as the canonical Gospels. Here is a link to some information about the set of these gospels known as the Gnostic gospels if you wish to do some further reading. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnostic_gospels
St. Andrew (brother of Simon Peter) was one of the 12 apostles of Jesus none of whom were gnostics. Scholars generally date the gnostic gopels to the early-mid 2nd century, long after Jesus and the apostles (including St. Andrew) were dead. The gnostic gospels (e.g., gospel of Thomas, etc.) were written by others over a century later.
The Bible. It says specifically that it is the word of God. Just make sure it actually is the bible, watch out for the gnostic gospels.
A Gospel of Judas Iscariot appears to have been in use among the Cainites, an early Gnostic sect. The Gospel was also mentioned by Irenaeus. However, it should be remembered that all the gospels, even those now in the Bible, were not really written by the disciples to whom they were attributed - so Judas Iscariot did not really write anything. One branch of Christianity came to dominate and was the branch that selected the gospels that it would include in its Bible. With the possible exception of John's Gospel, it did not include any Gnostic gospels.
There are almost countless bits of ancient writings that claim to be accounts of Jesus' life, but only 4 Gospels have been canonized, or accepted into the Bible as scripture. These are the accounts of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Controversy continues over whether or not Gnostic Gospels should be canonized, and these arguments are revived every time a new one is discovered.
As far as we know, the Gospel of Thomas was the earliest non-canonical gospel to be written, and is widely dated to around the middle of the first century. It is a sayings gospel very similar to the hypothetical 'Q' document, but with a more gnostic theme. If 'Q' is considered a gospel, as some scholars do, then it is also a non-canonical gospel of the same vintage as GThomas, and was an important source used in the compilation of the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Both were sayings gospels, whereas the canonical gospels are considered 'narrative gospels'.The Gospel of Peter is considered an important non-canonical gospel, written around the same time as John, or perhaps a little later in the second century. It is similar to Matthew, but included some spectacular material about the risen Jesus. Many of the non-canonical gospels were written from a gnostic perspective, rather than the apocalyptic perspective of the canonical gospels.
A:We do not really know what Jesus believed, as there is probably little that is genuinely historical in the New Testament gospels. However, the epistles of the apostle Paul contain some passages that suggest his theology might have been mildly gnostic. Mark's Gospel contains some intriguing references to hidden knowledge, a common sign of gnosticism. The non-canonical Gospel of Thomas is mildly gnostic in character. These form the earliest surviving Christian writings and at least point to the likely existence of gnostic Christianity in the very earliest years of Christianity.
We now know of quite a few early gospels that were not included in the New Testament, most of them being from gnostic Christianity. In its earliest days, Christianity was divided into several different branches, with each holding quite different views about the nature of Jesus, the nature of God and the role of Christianity. One of these various branches gradually outgrew the others and became the dominant form of Christianity. Each branch and sect of Christianity had its own gospels and other scriptures, although most of them came to share Paul's epistles as a common basis of their belief. Naturally the dominant Christians, now known to some scholars as proto-Catholic-Orthodox, chose those gospels that most closely reflected their understanding of Jesus. It was this group that compiled a set of scriptures now known as the New Testament. The New Testament Christians were closely aligned to the synoptic gospels, and these were a natural choice. John's Gospel is believed by some to have been written in a gnostic milieu, but amended to make it more acceptable to the mainstream Church. Another formerly gnostic gospel that was considered for inclusion in the New Testament is the Gospel of Thomas, possibly one of the oldest gospels. Eventually all other gospels were condemned as heretical.
There are four gospels in the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Three gospels, Matthew, Mark and Luke, are called the synoptic gospels because they agree moderately well on the life and teachings of Jesus, although each is a little different from the other two.This term conveniently differentiates the three most similar New Testament gospels from John's Gospel, which is quite a good deal different from the other gospels, both in its handling of theology and its descriptions of the life and mission of Jesus. Some scholars believe that John was originally written in a Gnostic community and was subsequently edited to remove some of the more clearly Gnostic material, although the gospel still has a Gnostic flavour.John differs from the synoptic Gospels because it is not just listing events in the life of Jesus and reporting His teachings. John is more thematic in nature and less chronological, and provides more theological discourse on the person and work of Christ. John also focus' on events in Judea rather than the Galilean ministry.
Surprisingly, there were many strands to Christianity in the early years of Christianity, each with very different beliefs about Jesus and what he taught. One of these strands, represented by the four New Testament gospels we have today, appears to have become dominant in the second century and was the forerunner of the the Catholic and Orthodox Churches and the denominations that splintered off in later times. Other early strands of Christian thought are now grouped together as Gnostic Christianity, although their adherents would never have used this term in their own time.The Gnostic Christians wrote several gospels about Jesus, but these were rejected as false by the centrist church, because their theology was too different from that adopted by the church. The one possible exception is the Gospel of John, believed to have been written in a mildly Gnostic Christian community and subsequently redacted to minimise the Gnostic content. Nevertheless, some Gnostic influence can still be discerned in John.
No, Peter was not a Gnostic.
The Gospels of Mattew, Mark, Luke, and John are the the earliest gospels written down. There is a gospel of John in the national library of London, England dating to the eighth century AD. Apart from the Gospel of Thomas, the Gnostic gospels on the other hand began to surface around third century AD. During the first five centuries of Christianity it branched into many directions with different sects choosing their interpretations of the oral tradition that was passed on of christ's teachings. Looking to unify Christianity with a standard benchmark the councle of Niceah chose the books that we know as the new testiment on the factors of popularity and the amount of time that they have been around. the reason that the Gnostic Gospels were not included due to the fact that they were obscure and not because the councle were trying create a cover up, despite what a perticular work of fiction might imply.
gnostic gospels have a timeless, ahistorical, and almost disembodied character to them. Their Jesus has no racial identity, engages in no public debates, and indeed occupies no historical space at all. This Jesus not only did not die on a Roman cross and subsequently rise again, but could not have done so, since his very mission was to propound secretly to a small circle of disciples the unreality of what we take to be human life and death. Far from embracing a role in the Jewish story about God, creation, and Abraham and Sarah's children, the gnostic Jesus purports to expose all these as illusions conjured by a creator-god-a god intent on keeping a select few from transcending the material world of variation and change, of sex and procreation. These gospels, then, are far removed from the issues and controversies that would have arisen from a Jesus Christ situated in the story of Israel and the Jews. canonical gospels are appropriately defined as early Christian works that seek to present the significance and meaning of the death and resurrection of Jesus by placing them in their proper religious-historical context, which includes, of course, the events of Jesus' public career.
Like the other gospels, John's Gospel was written about the times when Jesus is believed to have lived.John's Gospel was originally written anonymously early in the second century and only attributed to the disciple whose name it now bears later in the second century. It appears to have been written in a closed, Gnostic Christian community, but has been modified subsequently, to remove some of the more overt Gnostic content and make it more acceptable to a broader Christian audience. Scholars reading the First Epistle of John, written in the same community, say that it points to a split in that community soon after the Gospel was written. Part of the community joined another branch of Christianity, more aligned to the synoptic gospels, taking a copy of John with them and amending it to better suit their new faith. The other part of the community probably joined other Gnostic communities which were eventually defeated by the emerging dominance of the Christianity of the synoptic gospels. The Gnostic version of John's Gospel no longer exists.
The Gnostic Paul was created in 1975.