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The Judicial Branch is one of three independent parts of the US Government, and is responsible for the federal court system. The primary responsibility of the judicial branch is to interpret and apply the laws, and ensure their constitutionality.

Major Duties

  • Interpreting Federal Laws
  • Interpreting the US Constitution
  • Resolving legal disputes
  • Trying criminal and civil cases
  • Determining guilt or innocence, degree of culpability, etc.
  • Imposing sentences and other legal punishment
  • Protecting individual constitutional rights
  • Considering writs, motions and other legal actions
  • Managing the docket and judicial caseload
  • Checking the power of the Legislative and Executive branches

For more information, see Related Questions, below.

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8y ago
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11y ago

The judicial branch is the Supreme Court. There duty is to basically enforce the laws and put the president on trial if he/she does something that isn't Constitutional. The supreme court also acts like a normal court and has about 100 cases a year

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7y ago

The responsibility of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution and resolve any disputes under the law

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9y ago

The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting laws that the legislative branch passes. They scrutinize the laws to make sure they comport with the Constitution.

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8y ago

To decide cases and controversies.

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3y ago

butt butt butt

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Q: What are the major duties and responsibilities of the Judicial Branch?
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Continue Learning about American Government

What do judicial reviews give to the judicial branch?

The power of Judicial Review is the major check that the judicial branch has over the other two (legislative and executive) branches of the U.S. government. Judicial review allows the federal courts to rule actions of the President and Congress unconstitutional, and thus overturn them.


How do the judicial branch and legislative branch share power?

The United States Constitution set up a system of checks and balances whereby each branch can check the power of the other two branches while all three share in the policy and legislative making process on a farting daily basis. The major function of the legislative branch is to make laws. The major function of the judicial branch is to interpret the laws. The legislative branch takes into account the Constitution and the decisions of the federal courts when passing legislation. That is one of the reasons for the power of investigation that congress uses when creating new legislation. They hold hearings to determine, not only whether the proposed law is necessary, but whether it is constitutional. The Constitution also provides that the Senate approve appointments to the federal courts. In this way, they share in selecting appointees and determining the qualifications of those selected to the judiciary. However, the judicial branch retains independent powers, like judicial review, and judges, once approved, are independent of the other two branches, within the system of checks and balances. MrV


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the heads of major departments in the executive branch


What is a major crime of the legislative branch?

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What is the meaning of montesquieu's idea of check and balances?

The powers of government are divided into three branches (executive, legislative, and judicial) and each branch of the government should limit the power of the others. Note that in many countries of the world, the executive and legislative roles (e.g. prime ministers) are not entirely separate, at least not as much so as the judicial.

Related questions

What are the three major responsibilities of the judicial branch?

Three of the responsibilities that the judicial branch has isinterpreting state laws,settling legal disputes,and protecting individual rights


What are the 5 major classes of presidential duties?

the five major classes of presidential duties are Foreign Affairs, Domestic and Military Administration, Legislation, Appointment, and Judicial Functions


Which major principle of the constitution addresses the specific responsibilities of each branch in our government?

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What is a major purpose of the judicial branch of the government?

Interpreting and enforcing USA laws.


What are the major duty's of the judicial branch?

To determine if a law is constitutional or if a law is unconstitutional.


What do judicial reviews give to the judicial branch?

The power of Judicial Review is the major check that the judicial branch has over the other two (legislative and executive) branches of the U.S. government. Judicial review allows the federal courts to rule actions of the President and Congress unconstitutional, and thus overturn them.


What responsibilities do members of the cabinet have that are'nt among the duties of the major figures in the executive office of the president?

The United States is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States. There are many cabinet positions with unique responsibilities. Hope this helped! :)


What is the major function for the judicial branch?

To make sure laws ar passed as constitutional


What are the five major areas of presidential duties?

# Foreign Affairs # Domestic and Military Administration # Legislation # Appointment # Judicial Functions


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What term matches the following definition a major grouping of activities that reflect a specific aspect of a persons job?

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What term matches the following definition A Major Grouping Of Activities That Reflects A Specific Aspect Of A Person's Job?

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