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Unitary System - This is a system where the central government has all the power and very little power is given to the subunits. Countries like Japan and France practice this type.

Confederation - This is a loose association of states, where very little power is held in the central government. There are very little states which operate under this sort of system.

Then you have Federal - US, Mexico, India and Canada operate under this system. Here we have the central government and the subunits (the states) share power.

Instead of recognizing it as parts of Federalism the correct term is Types of Political Systems and there are three..

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Q: What are the three parts of federalism?
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