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Article III, Section 1 of the US Constitution says the "judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court," which can be interpreted to mean the Court is granted authority over the lower federal courts and is the final arbiter of law within its jurisdiction:

Article III, Section 1

"The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office."

Article III, Section 2, is more specific about the Court's power and scope of jurisdiction: Article III, Section 2"The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;--to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls;--to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;--to controversies to which the United States shall be a party;--to controversies between two or more states;--between a state and citizens of another state;--between citizens of different states;--between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. "In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make. "The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed"

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Q: What does Article III Section 1 of the US Constitution grant the Supreme Court power to do?
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Related questions

In Which article and section of the U.S. Constitution is the Supreme Court established?

Article III - Section 1


Which article sets up judicial branch and the supreme court?

US Constitution, Article III, Section 1.


Does the US Supreme Court create the inferior courts?

No. Article I, Section 8 and Article III of the Constitution authorizes Congress to create courts "inferior" to the US Supreme Court.


Where in the constitution does it mention the president appoints supreme court justices?

Article II, Section 2, Clause 2


Which Article of the Constitution extablished the federal courts?

Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution established the Supreme Court and authorized the Congress to establish inferior courts, which would be the remainder of the federal court system.


Which article describes the supreme court?

Article III of the Constitution


How many justices are found on the supreme court where and in what document states this?

There are nine justices on the Supreme Court of the United States. This is established in Article III, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution.


What describes the Supreme Court?

Article III of the constitution


Which article of the constitution deals with the supreme court's powers?

Article III deals with the supreme courts powers.


How did Congress create the US Supreme Court and federal court system?

Congress created the Supreme Court of the United States and the first "inferior courts" of the federal judiciary in the Judiciary Act of 1789, but has expanded or dismantled parts of the federal court system at various points in history via other Judiciary Acts. The only federal court Congress cannot abolish is the Supreme Court because it is mandated under Article III of the Constitution.


Was the US Supreme Court created by Article III of the Constitution?

The US Supreme Court was mandated by Article III of the Constitution, but was actually created by Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1789.For more specific information about the creation of the US Supreme Court, see Related Links, below.


Where in the Constitution does it say US Supreme Court justices are appointed for life?

According to Article III, Section I, of the Constitution, Supreme Court justices hold their offices "during good behavior," meaning for life, as long as they don't commit an impeachable offense. Qualifying infractions are defined in Article II, Section 4, as "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."