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Article 4, Section 4 of the US Constitution states:

"The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government"

Contrary to popular belief, the United States was established as a Republic, not a Democracy. This is reflected in the Pledge of Allegiance, in which we pledge allegiance "to the Republic".

In a Democracy, the highest law is the will of the people, also known as majority rule. This is often referred to a "mob rule", because the will of the majority will often trample the rights of the minority.

In our Constitutional Republic, the highest law is the US Constitution, which prohibits the Federal Government from legislating in any areas other than their specific, enumerated powers (found in Article 1, Section 8). This is designed to protect the rights of all from being trampled by "mob rule".

The other great danger of an unrestrained democracy is illustrated in the following quote, attributed to the 18th century Scottish historian, Alexander Tytler:

"A democracy cannot exist as a permanent form of government. It can only exist until the majority discovers it can vote itself [money] out of the public treasury. After that, the majority always votes for the candidate promising the most benefits with the result the democracy collapses because of the loose fiscal policy ensuing, always to be followed by a Dictatorship, then a monarchy."

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12y ago
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13y ago

This guarantees that all the states will continue to have governments that are chosen by the people.

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Q: What is the Republician Government Clause?
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