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No. 1151


WHEREAS, the individual and, at times, conflicting demands of population growth,

urbanization, industrial expansion, rapid Natural Resources utilization and increasing

technological advances have resulted in a piece-meal-approach concept of environmental


WHEREAS, such tunnel-vision concept is not conducive to the attainment of an ideal

environmental situation where man and nature can thrive in harmony with one another; and

WHEREAS, there is now an urgent need to formulate an intensive, integrated program

of environmental protection that will bring about a concerted effort towards the protection of the

entire spectrum of the environment through a requirement of environmental impact

assessments and statements;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by

virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree:

Section 1. Policy. -- It is hereby declared a continuing policy of the State (a) to

create, develop, maintain, and improve conditions under which man and nature can thrive in

productive and enjoyable harmony with each other, (b) to fulfill the social, economic and other

requirements of present and future generations of Filipinos, and (c) to insure the attainment of

an environmental quality that is conducive to a life of dignity and well-being.

Section 2. Goal. -- In pursuing this policy, it shall be the responsibility of the

Government, in cooperation with concerned private organizations and entities, to use all

practicable means, consistent with other essential considerations of national policy, in promoting

the general welfare to the end that the Nation may (a) recognize, discharge and fulfill the

responsibilities of each generation as trustee and guardian of the environment for succeeding

generations, (b) assure the people of a safe, decent, healthful, productive and aesthetic

environment, (c) encourage the widest exploitation of the environment without degrading it, or

endangering human life, health and safety or creating conditions adverse to agriculture,

commerce and industry, (d) preserve important historic and cultural aspects of the Philippineheritage, (e) attain a rational and orderly balance between population and resource use, and (f)

improve the utilization of renewable and non-renewable resources.

Section 3. Right to a Healthy Environment. -- In furtherance of these goals and

policies, the Government recognizes the right of the people to a healthful environment. It shall

be the duty and responsibility of each individual to contribute to the preservation and

enhancement of the Philippine environment.

Section 4. Environmental Impact Statements. -- Pursuant to the above

enunciated policies and goals, all agencies and instrumentalities of the national government,

including government-owned or controlled corporations, as well as private corporations, firms and entities shall prepare, file and include in every action, project or undertaking which

significantly affects the quality of the environment a detailed statement on:

a) the environmental impact of the proposed action, project or undertaking;

b) any adverse environmental effect which cannot be avoided should the proposal

be implemented;

c) alternative to the proposed action;

d) a determination that the short-term uses of the resources of the environment are

consistent with the maintenance and enhancement of the long-term productivity

of the same; and

e) whenever a proposal involves the use of depletable or non-renewable resources,

a finding must be made that such use and commitment are warranted.

Before an environmental impact statement is issued by a lead agency, all agencies

having jurisdiction over, or special expertise on, the subject matter involved shall comment on

the draft environmental impact statement made by the lead agency within thirty (30) days from

receipt of the same.

Section 5. Agency Guidelines. - The different agencies charged with

environmental protection as enumerated in Letter of Instruction No. 422 shall, within sixty (60)

days from the effectivity of this Decree, submit to the National Environmental Protection Council

(NEPC), their respective guidelines, rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of Sec. 4

hereof on environmental impact assessments and statements.

Section 6. Repealing Clause. - All Acts, Presidential Decrees, executive orders,

rules and regulations or parts thereof which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree

are hereby repealed, amended or modified accordingly.

Section 7. Effectivity. - This Decree shall take effect immediately.

Done in the City of Manila this 6


day of June in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred

and seventy-seven.



Republic of the Philippines

By the President:


Presidential Assistant

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Q: What is the presidential decree number 1152?
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