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It's not Plato's theory but most of Ancient Greeks's view in general.

They use the word psyche (which means soul in greek), which was considered to be immortal even after the body (soma in greek) was dead. They had separated words because they already thought humans are separated into body and soul.

As Homer stressed, dead people's souls were still alive after their death, thus why Odysseus met the soul of great ancient warriors in underwold (Hades). The same applies for Hercules who also entered the Hades and saw dead people's soul still alive. In general, Greeks considered soul and body two separate things. Plato also expressed the opinion that dead souls returned to sky and transformed in stars. The theory of immortal soul was spread all over Asia during the Hellenistic period (appr. for 3 centuries) thanks to Alexander the great. Based on this famous belief, first christians claimed also that the psyche lives after death going to paradise.

You can also read more interesting and impressive theories about human body construction by the Gods in Plato's Timaeus book,in which he thoroughly explains the important hierarchy of Head, Heart and Genitals

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Q: Why does Plato believe the soul is immortal?
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Did Plato believe in immortal soul?

Yes, Plato believed in the immortality of the soul. In his dialogues, he argues that the soul is immortal and exists before and after life in the physical world. According to Plato, the soul is eternal, unchanging, and possesses knowledge of the Forms.

What is Plato's division of labor?

Rulers - Immortal soul/Rational Soldiers - Mortal soul/Spirited Workers - Mortal soul/Appetites

What did Plato say about the soul?

Plato believed that the soul was immortal and different from the body. He described the soul as having three parts: reason, spirit, and desire. Plato thought that the ultimate goal in life was to achieve harmony and balance among these three parts of the soul.

What is the composition of man according to Plato?

According to Plato's Phaedo, man is composed of two parts - the immortal soul and the mortal body. The soul is immortal, unchanging, and exists before birth and after death, while the body is mortal, temporary, and acts as a prison for the soul during life. Plato believed that the goal of life was to nourish the soul through philosophy and virtuous living in order to prepare it for the afterlife.

What did Plato believe about souls?

Plato believes that the human soul preexisted before its contact with the body. He argues that the contact between the body and the soul is accidental.The soul for him,came from the world of forms and will return back to the world of forms after it frees itself from the body.The soul for plato is immutable,ideal and real.Only the soul exist,the body is merely an illusion.Through his conviction about the human souls,he posited that the soul knows before it accidental contact with the body.He thus suggests knowlege as reminiscence(i.e.knowledge by recollection).Plato believes that the soul is immortal. Plato's work called Menos explains his ideas on this.

Which philosopher believed that the soul could exist separately from the body?

plato/aristotle. They learned from each other and both believed the same thing as they were teacher and student

Is the soul infinite?

If you believe that the soul is immortal, that means that it lasts forever, and is therefore infinite in terms of its length of existence.

Are boys immortal?

People are not immortal - they will die eventually. Most religions believe that people have a part (a soul) that is immortal, but this can't really be proved or disproved easily

Why does Plato refer to the human body as a coffin of the soul?

Plato refers to the human body as a "coffin of the soul" to emphasize his belief that the soul is immortal and the body is merely a temporary vessel. He suggests that the body restricts the soul's true potential and knowledge, acting as a barrier to the pursuit of philosophical wisdom and enlightenment. By viewing the body in this way, Plato underscores the importance of looking beyond physical desires and pleasures to focus on the eternal and transcendent nature of the soul.

What was Plato's notion of a soul?

Plato believed that the soul was immortal and existed before being born into the physical world. He described the soul as having three parts: reason, spirit, and desire, each with its own role in guiding human behavior. The ultimate goal for the soul was to achieve knowledge of the forms and attain harmony and balance among its parts.

Did Plato believe that the soul and the body were separate but would reunite trough reincarnation?


What does Plato say about dualism and mind body problem?

Plato believed in dualism, the idea that the mind and body are separate entities. He taught that the soul is immortal and exists independently of the physical body. Plato's philosophy on the mind-body problem emphasizes the superiority of the rational soul over the irrational body, with the ultimate goal being the liberation of the soul from the material world through philosophical contemplation.