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Tecumseh (1768 - 1813) was a Shawnee war chief who allied Indian tribes of the Midwest to form a powerful coalition against the forces of this United States. This ability to unite the tribes into a cohesive confederacy was Tecumseh's greatest weapon and the principle reason why he was so feared by the Americans. His rise to prominence coincided with the rise of his brother Tenskwatawa, who was regarded as a religious prophet.

When the War of 1812 broke out between The US and Great Britain, Tecumseh allied his confederacy with the British Army in Canada and they captured the American garrison at Fort Detroit. Enraged when the British then retreated into what is now Southern Ontario, he convinced the British to stand and fight. At the ensuing battle, now known as the Battle of the Thames, Tecumseh was killed.

Without his leadership the conferdeacy was doomed. Tenskwatawa had already fallen from popularity after the disasterous 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe. After the War of 1812 ended in 1815, the British abandoned their Indian allies. What was left of the confederacy fell apart ending the last best hope for the Indians to stem the tide of white settlers onto their land.

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Q: Why were Americans concerned about Tecumseh?
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