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translation. It results in a protein being made and released.

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Q: Ribosome movement along the mRNA transcript is called?
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What is a ribosome and what does it do?

A ribosome is a two subunit complex made of protein and catalytic RNA that unites as one unit when mRNA docks on the large subunit. Ribosomes are the " workbench " on which proteins are synthesized. The ribosome crawls along the mRNA and knits together a polypeptide chain from the free amino acids brought to the ribosome by tRNA.

What processing may be involved after the primary transcript of mRNA is made?

mRNA is the template for the final product, which will be a protein. A ribosome sticks to the mRNA template and reads the bases along it, 3 at a time. each 3 is a codon and represents a different amino acid. A tRNA molecule, with compliment bases on it, binds to the ribosome and mRNA. it has the amino acid on it that corresponds to the codon on the mRNA. This happens all the way down the molecule, the amino acids get joined together and you end up with a protein. the mRNA is degraded as it is read. Hope this helps. =-D

Where does the process of translation do in mRNA?

The newly spliced mRNA binds to a ribosome. tRNA molecules migrate towards the ribosome, these tRNA molecules carries a specific amino acid. The ribosome allows two tRNA molecules into the ribosome at a time. The tRNA molecules have complementary anti-codons to the codons present on the mRNA strand. Two tRNA move into the ribosome and their anti-codons join to complementary codons on the mRNA strand. As one molecule leaves the ribosome, its amino acid forms a peptide bond with an amino acid on the adjacent tRNA molecule, with the help of ATP and an enzyme. As the ribosome moves along the the mRNA strand, a polypeptide chain is created. The ribosome stops reading the mRNA strand when it reaches a stop codon.

What r two basic steps of polypeptide synthesis?

The 2 basic steps of polypeptide synthesis are:Transcription - the synthesis of mRNA from a DNA template. Only one strand of DNA is copied, and a single gene may be transcribed thousands of times.Translation - the process where ribosomes synthesize proteins using the mature mRNA transcript produced during transcription. The ribosome attaches to mRNA, and then moves along the mRNA adding amino acids to the growing polypeptide chain.

What term defines the movement of materials along concentration gradient through channels?

Facilitated diffusion defines he movement of materials along a concentration gradient through protein channels.