Open systems refer to systems that interact with other systems or the outside environment, whereas closed systems refer to systems having relatively little interaction with other systems or the outside environment.
To contact with the external environment
The body that keeps all systems in balance maintaining a stable internal environment is known as homeostasis. This is a system that has a relatively constant condition.
Ludwig Bertalanffy describes two types of systems: open systems and closed systems. The open systems are systems that allow interactions between its internal elements and the environment. An open system is defined as a "system in exchange of matter with its environment, presenting import and export, building-up and breaking-down of its material components." For example, living organism. Closed systems, on the other hand, are considered to be isolated from their environment. For instance, thermodynamics applies to closed systems. The idea of open systems was further developed in systems theory. For instance, open systems in systems theory encourage a non-representational and non-referential posthumanist approach that actualize complexity of reality in a non-deterministic framework.
the other systems are not affected
Global systems refer to information systems or policies that affect multiple nations. Only businesses that operate in a global environment are affected by global systems.
Everybody is affected by global warming. This phenomenon can the water supply, agriculture, the natural environment, and power and transportation systems.
all body systems are affected by bacteria.
Various body systems can be affected by a stroke. It depends on which portion of the circulation was affected in the brain.
Exercise has the potential of impacting all of our body systems including the digestive system. Exercising can increase the efficiency of the digestive system.
External Environment and Cognitive Environment
The immune system is affected from HIV.
ateherosclerosis in major sysems affected
Every body system is affected by every other body system.