What is the SWOT analysis of India?

Updated: 8/22/2023
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Huge pool of labour force
High percentage of cultivable land
Diversified nature of the economy
Huge English speaking population, availability of skilled manpower
Stable economy, does not get affected by external changes
Extensive higher education system, third largest reservoir of engineers
High growth rate of economy
Rapid growth of IT and BPO sector bringing valuable foreign exchange
Abundance of Natural Resources

Very high percentage of workforce involved in agriculture which contributes only 23% of GDP
Arround a quarter of a population below the poverty line
High unemployment rate
Stark inequality in prevailing socio economic conditions
Poor infrastructural facilities
Low productivity
Huge population leading to scarcity of resources
Low level of mechanization
Red tapism, bureaucracy
Low literacy rates
Unequal distribution of wealth
Rural-urban divide, leading to inequality in living standards

Scope for entry of private firms in various sectors for business
Inflow of Foreign Direct Investment is likely to increase in many sectors
Huge foreign exchange earning prospect in IT and ITES sector
Investment in R&D, engineering design
Area of biotechnology
Huge population of Indian Diaspora in foreign countries (NRIs)
Area of Infrastructure
Huge domestic market: Opportunity for MNCs for sales
Huge matural gas deposits found in India, natural gas as a fuel has tremendous opportunities
Vast forest area and diverse wildlife
Huge agricultural resources, fishing, plantation crops, livestock

Global economy recession/slowdown
High fiscal deficit
Threat of government intervention in some states
Volatility in crude oil prices across the world
Growing Import bill
Population explosion, rate of growth of pobulation still high
Agriculture excessively dependent on monsoons

Posted By: Muhammad Muavia Khan

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  • Highly educated , skilled ,young, capable & dynamic human resources
  • English speaking & analytical students
  • World class business-social-spiritual -political leader, Professor, scientist, Manager-Doctor-Engineer-Civil servants etc
  • Very rich in Natural & Living resources
  • Biodiversity & Traditional knowledge base
  • Diversity vs. Ideas-Innovation-Integration
  • Powerful spiritual strength (yoga-Ayurvada-Healing-therapy services)
  • Geographical location (whole markets are shifting toward Asian nations)
  • India Strategic position at various platforms
  • Big democracy, Big market & free media
  • Range of emerging professional champions
  • IT & Software superpower


  • Lack of trained & skill work force
  • Small supply of specialize professional
  • Lack of spirits of entrepreneurship, patriotisms and leadership skill
  • Lack of effective & execution framework
  • Lack of Indian management models
  • Lack of transparency-Trust-Responsibility
  • Lack of learning habits & Team work spirit
  • Fear of sharing knowledge & taking risk
  • Thinking win-lose lose-win look-outside
  • Slow absorption of Innovation & change
  • Lack of Indian management models
  • Absence of greater technology impetus
  • Unawareness: Quality-Standardization
  • Lack of Emotional-Spiritual development
  • Rush of getting high marks not Development
  • Blindly respect anything taught by elders

THREATS (Internal & external):

  • A feeling of unstable government
  • Self centered political leadership
  • Slow & Dysfunctional judiciary and corrupt law enforcers
  • Regulation, protection and restriction
  • Mechanistic -stable-Layered-complex system
  • Corruption, Ignorance & Complacency
  • High competitive & marketing forces
  • To patent Indian intellectual property by outsider (unawareness about own research)
  • Fast change internet-information technology& new Inventions-Technology-Innovations
  • Diversity vs. Imbalance- clashes
  • Regional-Religion-caste-culture conflicts
  • Migration of all branch to software job
  • Job seeking mind sets, not job creator
  • Unnecessary social pressure on students
  • Excessive rich & powerful mindsets


  • Big potential market in education Sector & emerging new market Segment in services (create it)
  • General Agreement of trade on Services
  • Research & Development capability
  • Generate intellectual property
  • Resource Building capacity
  • Competition- cost - Quality service
  • Collaboration : win-win thinking
  • Hybrid solution-balancing & blending
  • Tourism, health sector, food processing
  • Rural economy development & social transformation ( PURA model )
  • Need modernization of infrastructure , Library and laboratory
  • Internet institute network & e-Library
  • Councilors and student advisors

India has lots of weakness but this is a space of thinking (new Ideas or new perceptions), understand it as a space of opportunities and transform into strength.

posted By: Muhammad Muavia Khan

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