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The Indoeuropean language 'family' is divided broadly into 8 subdivisons:

Balto-Slavic (Russian, Lithuanian for examples)

Germanic (German, Dutch, English etc.)

Celtic (Irish, Scots Gaelic; Welsh, Breton)

Italic (Latin, French, Spanish)

Hellenic (Greek)

Anatolian (all extinct)

Indo-Iranian (Persian, Hindi-Urdu)

Tocharian (all extinct)

The Celtic category is further divided into Brythonic (Welsh, Breton) and Goidelic (Gaelic). These are both descended from a Common Celtic language, but are quite distinct and not mutually intelligible.

The Goidelic/Gaelic developed into Old Irish which was spread to western Scotland and the Isle of Man. The modern day Irish (Gaelic), (Scottish) Gaelic, and Manx are the modern versions.

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Q: What is the Gaelic language based on?
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