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Colonial America

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Christop Erdman

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โˆ™ 2021-10-13 18:34:55
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Cards in this guide (28)
What was the purpose of the Jamestown colony

The original purpose of the Jamestown colony was to make money for the Virginia Company.

What deadly effect did the Columbian Exchange have

Diseases

What was one result of the French and Indian War

Results of the French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years War, included:

  • Increased taxes on the American colonists to pay for the war
  • England acquired the former French territories in Canada and owned all the land from the Atlantic Coast to the Mississippi river.
  • French from Acadia were expelled and migrated to Louisiana, forming the Cajun culture
  • settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains was forbidden by the Crown
  • England acquired formerly French territory in the Caribbean and in India.
  • King George III taxed American colonists to pay for the war.
  • King George III would not let colonists settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Houses in Colonial America were most often made of which material

Wood was the most common material in colonial times.

Why did the Virginia company establish the colony at Jamestown

To make money for the company

What was a common consequence of Sir Edwin Sandys system of indentured servitude

The death of many servants

Which colonies were mostly made up of small towns and farms

ALL the 13 colonies were at first small towns and farms! There wasn't anything else to be that early. Usually, the richest person either bought or was granted the land from Britain. That man "laid out" the town, and sold plots within the town. But farming was done on the outskirts of towns, and the town itself may have only had a few businesses. Most educated men were lawyers, preachers or teachers (and much later, doctors of medicine), who often had dual roles as farmers. All the rest were farmers, often with dual roles as smithy (blacksmith), miller, weaver, etc. Until strife occurred with Native Americans, colonists and Native Americans often traded. There was often not even a mercantile store in towns; instead, hucksters went from town to town selling wares and goods.
The first priority in every town was a church, then a school room. County seats focused on building a court "house", often just a log cabin like everyone's houses. There was more focus on building colleges and universities because kids all learned from their mothers at home. Boys went to school more than girls, but often for only a few months to a few years. Later, girls began attending school.

Towns around seaports had the largest increases in settlers because settlers were dependent on Britain for almost everything. Southern port colonies prospered with large plantations, but even in the north, one family could own 100 to 1,000 acres of farmland.

In NE colonies, the British had agreed in a treaty with Native Americans that no settlers would cross the Appalachian Mountains, which includes the Allegheny Mts. and the Blue Ridge Mountains. So as towns from the ocean to the mountains grew, settlers needed more and renewed farm lands. An uncle to the brother's wife, brother to George Washington, commissioned him to cross the Blue Ridge Mts to survey all his land; at the time, this rich Britain believed he owned "everything west of the mountains"--but the British had no idea how wide the US was! The French had come down from Canada into what later became the Ohio Territory, but The French and Indian War plus fights over land ownership, delayed settlers coming until almost 1790s. At the same time, explorers had ventured across the mountains in PA. In 1744, two German Baptist brothers made it as far as Dunkard's Creek in Greene County PA, southwest corner of PA. But it would take another 20 years for a few settlers/families to come; and the government did not open the lands for another 20 years after that. So as people started moving from eastern NY, PA, and western NJ and MD into western Pennsylvania, other individuals/families were continuing on into Ohio (but all feared title disputes because too many countries claimed ownership of Ohio). From PA and Ohio, people kept pushing west and south. But this movement took from 1492 to almost 1750-1790---- over 250 years!


It is important when talking about the colonies and later settlements to be aware of time frames, and to restrict your thinking about what "a town" was in the early colonies! A "town" likely had a couple muddy dirt narrow roads, and a few buildings and homes, with farmlands /homes several miles or more from the center of town. Towns needed time to grow, with many, many changes during every 5-10 year period.

What system allowed people free passage to the colonies in return for a promise to work

The Headright System!

Indentured Servitude

Why did the colonists need artisans

They made items the colonists needed.

What system promised land to people who agreed to settle in virgina

headright system

Who established a colony by Quebec

Samuel de Champlain

Why were so many people willing to be come indentured servants

If gave a chance to better their lives (Apex)

What problem was caused by the quick growth of tobacco farming in Jamestown

A need for labor was caused by the quick growth of tobacco farming in Jamestown.

What was exchanged between both the Caribbean colonies and England and the Caribbean colonies and North America

bills of credit

How did tobacco farming change settlements at Jamestown

it increased the need for land.

Why is chronological thinking a good skill to have

To put in order and find connections between them.

Which of these jobs in Colonial America was known for being dangerous

fishermen

How sir Edwin Sandys tried to solve the labor shortage in Jamestown through

Promoting family system in jamestown

What is true about indentured servants in Jamestown

They had few rights under their contract.

Chattel slavery is the term used to describe when a slave is treated as

Chattel slaves are individuals treated as complete property, to be bought and sold.

I live in a colony that uses slaves on its rice plantations Many English settlers and slaves came here from Barbados in the Caribbean Where do I live

south carolina

How did Sir Edwin Sandys try to solve the labor shortage in Jamestown

Sandys tried to solve the labor shortage in Jamestown by promoting the creation of families in Jamestown.

In the Columbian Exchange diseases such as smallpox resulted in

Before Columbus, the parasites that cause malaria were rampant in Eurasia and Africa but unknown in the Americas. Transported in the bodies of sailors, malaria may have crossed the ocean as early as Columbus's second voyage. Yellow fever, malaria's frequent companion, soon followed. The New World was the loss of 90 percent of the native population due to diseases that they never had seen before. There had been about 80 million and only around 720,000 were left. The land appeared to be empty.

From the Old World to the New:

The deadly smallpox, malaria, yellow fever, gonorrhea, chlamydia, common cold, measles, influenza, chickenpox all were mostly fatal as the natives had no natural immunity to these.

What was a way for a poor person in Europe to chance at a better life

being an indentured servant

Many early Jamestown settlers aimed to get rich quick by

They were sent to find gold. Little did they know the geology of the area did not support gold.

Sir Edwin sandys wanted to

increase the size of Jamestown

What was a major change that occurred in Jamestown as settlers decided was their best opportunity

Answer this ques A major change occurred in Jamestown as settlers decided their best opportunity was to:

tion…

How did the introduction of animals in the Columbian exchange affect many native cultures

keeping livestock allowed many hunters to do other things

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