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Geology

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Edgar Graham

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โˆ™ 2021-10-18 18:34:59
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Cards in this guide (31)
What percentage of earths water is fresh water

about 3% is freshwater

Where is the Moho located

The Moho, or Mohorovicic Discontinuity, is the boundary between the crust and the mantle.

What are the worlds 3 largest oceans

The world's three largest oceans, in order, are the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans.

What is the process in which electricity is passed through salt water for the purpose of desalinating the water

The process in which electricity is passed through salt water for the purpose of desalinating the water is electrodialysis. This process accelerates diffusion.

How have scientists been able to determine the composition of earths layers

Scientists have been able to determine the composition of earth's layers using various ways. In most cases, samples have been taken and studied so as to determine the layers of the earth.

What portion of the mantle is hot enough to begin melting rocks into magma

asthenosphere

How much of the ocean stores the same amount of energy that is found in the atmosphere

10 feet

What occurs when an applied force causes rock to break

Mechanical weathering occurs when an applied force causes rock to break.

What percentage of earths surface water is ground water

30%

Which river stage is characterized by moderately flowing waters and wider flatter banks

mature river A+

What is the solid outer crust layer and the top portion of the mantle layer called

lithosphere

What mountain chain ranges between Newfoundland Canada and Alabama US

Applachain mountains

I'm almost sure I spelled that right.

Which of these is formed from surface runoff that cannot penetrate the ground

river ;)

Which of these has a very high mineral content

hot spring

What forms when an artesian well begins to push out enough water that gravity causes it to flow to a lower region

spring

Which of these is the result of a spring forming in a desert region

oasis

Where is the greatest motion felt on the surface during an earthquake

Right at top of the epicenter, the greatest shaking felt. It also depend on the types of soil. If the soil is soft then the intensity is amplified and where the soil is hard the intensity is damped.

What forms when a spring is geothermally heated to the point that the water bursts through the surface in an upward stream of water and water vapor

geyser

What includes visible landforms

lithosphere

Hot springs are heated geothermally by underlying

magma (A+)

Underground caverns are characterized by formations made of

i don't know that's why I asked you

In which area do seismic waves change dramatically in speed

outer core

Traveling in the desert is often done based on known locations of

Traveling in the desert requires one to know the desert pavements.

When organic matter in soil decomposes it creates a layer called .

humus

Approximately how many active geysers are found on earth

1000

What type of rocks form when melted rock cools from inside the Earth

Igneous rock forms when melted rock (magma) from inside the Earth cools.

Compared to landform crust the ocean crust is

younger

Coral reefs form in which portion of the Continental margin

continental shelf

The process by which rocks are worn down and altered over a period of time is called

erosion

The portion of land that extends into the ocean is called the continental

continental shelf peninsula

Layers of soil that can be penetrated by water are

permeable

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