The Church of Ireland is Protestant, while the Catholic church is Catholic.
Protestants believe good works alone cannot gain you salvation.
Protestants do not believe in the pope's authority.
Catholics give spiritual authority to the pope.
.Catholic AnswerThe best description of the difference is free will. The Catholic Church has taught for two thousand years that God has given us free will to choose to love Him. If we choose to love Him, then we will obey His Commandments, and follow His Will for us, thus enabling our own happiness and eventual salvation when we die.
Protestants follow the "reformers" from the sixteenth (and later) centuries who rejected Our Blessed Lord, because they rejected His Body, the Church. They decided that they had free will to tell God HOW they were going to worship Him. Thus they rejected His Church, they rejected the Bible as received and threw out books, in some cases (examples include Martin Luther and the Jehovah Witnesses) altered the text of the Sacred Scriptures to reflect their own beliefs instead of God's. Protestants, with no guiding authority outside of their own conscience are falling apart into, as of 2012, over 30,000 different denominations which believe completely different things from each other and, most especially, what God teaches through His Church. The Catholic Church remains as guaranteed by God who said that He would be with it, and guide it until the end of the world.
The Catholic Church is the Christian Church that was established by Our Blessed Lord on the Apostle Peter (see St. Matthew's Gospel, chapter 16: 17-19), then the Church was born from the blood and water that flowed from His Side as He hung dead on the cross and was pierced by the soldier. Later it was shown to the world at Pentecost with the descent of the Holy Spirit. Our Blessed Lord promised to be with St. Peter and his successors and guaranteed that the gate of Hell would not prevail against them, and that His Church would survive until the end of the world. People who deny the Catholic Church are basically calling Our Blessed Lord a liar who was unable to fulfill His Promises. Protestants are Christians insofar as they are validly baptized and believe in the Nicene Creed, they are actually members of Christ's Catholic Church, although invisibly and in a hampered manner. Protestants who are not baptized validly and do not believe in the Nicene Creed in its traditional interpretation are misusing the word "Christian". . from A Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957 '''Protestant'''. An adherent of any one of the religious bodies detached from the Catholic Church at the time of the Reformation or of any sect deriving from them; one who professes the doctrines of those reformers. The name was first applied to and accepted by those Lutherans who protested against the decree of the second Diet of Speyer (1529) which ordained that in those states where the new religion had got a hold Catholic doctrine should not be attacked nor the celebration of Mass interfered with, pending the decisions of a council of the Empire. Its use afterwards spread to all reformers and is now generally interpreted as a "protest against the errors of the Church of Rome." It is a gross and misleading mistake to apply the name to members of the dissident Eastern churches, or to "after-Christians" who repudiate Protestantism equally or (nearly equally) with Catholicism. "'''After-Christian'''". An inhabitant of Christendom and a descendant of Christian ancestors who, implicitly or explicitly, repudiates Christianity as a revealed religion. The term is specially used of such people in England and the United States where much contemporary educated public opinion regards religion in a merely humanitarian and pragmatic way. |}
The Torah, also called Chumash or Pentateuch.
If OPEC reduced output, then world supply will fall. Thus, as supply falls, the price will rise, and the profits of oil-producing countries increase.
(In a demand-and-supply graph, the supply curve will shift to the left and you'll see the change in price.)
Jews see Jesus of Nazareth as an ordinary Jewish man and preacher living during the Roman occupation of the Holy Land. The Romans executed him - and also executed many other nationalistic and religious Jews for speaking out against Roman authority and abuses.
Christians worship Jesus as a manifestation of God and thus revere what's called the New Testament, and think the coming of Jesus modified the teachings of what is called the Old Testament somewhat.
Both, Jews and Christians hold what Christians call The Old Testament as sacred text, but to Jews it is the only sacred text of the two -- they do not consider the New Testament as having sacred significance.
Christians Jesus pay more attention to the teachings of Jesus in the New Testament than they do the Old Testament. Jew pay no attention to the New Testament.
Japan relies on trade for most of its food.
Mount Zion Temple was created in 1856.
There is an afterlife
Colonies provided cheap labor
East and South Asia form a region because they have relatively similar climates.
The biggest effect of the Industrial Revolution is that it made America a much more urban country.
Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Islam have been the only three religions that have fought for significant chunks of the Middle East. Other religions, like Judaism, Druze, or Alawite have fought for smaller regions of the Middle East.
The split of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
God will curse those who curse the Jews
It was a Strategically Important region.
Historically, the schism involved who would lead Islam after Muhammad, as the rightful leader of the faith. Subsequently there have been defining sifferences, such as how many pillars of faith are recognized.
There is an afterlife
The United States imports more oil than any other country.
They are not extensively industrialized