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History of Europe

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Marvin Schuster

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โˆ™ 2021-10-27 18:35:43
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Cards in this guide (28)
Who was Joan of Arc

Answer

Joan of Arc, also Jeanne d'Arc (1412 to 30 May 1431) is a national heroine of France and a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. She believed she had visions from God that told her to recover her homeland from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent her to the siege at Orleans as part of a relief mission. He did this because of all of Joan's honesty. Initially treated as a figurehead by veteran commanders, she gained prominence when she lifted the siege in only nine days. Several more swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Rheims, which settled the disputed succession to the throne.

The renewed French confidence outlasted her own brief career. Court intrigues slowed further offensive action. She was wounded during an unsuccessful attempt to recover Paris and fell prisoner at a battle outside Compeigne the following spring. A politically motivated trial convicted her of heresy. The English regent John, duke of Bedford had her burnt at the stake in Rouen. The ENGLISH saw her as an agent of the devil and that is why she was burnt. She had been the heroine of her country at the age of seventeen. She died at just nineteen. Some twenty-four years later, Pope Callixtus III reopened the case and a new finding overturned the original conviction. Her piety to the end impressed the retrial court. Pope Benedict XV canonized her on 16 May 1920.

Joan of Arc has remained an important figure in the collective imagination of Western culture. From Napoleon to the present, French politicians of all leanings have invoked her memory. Major writers and composers who created works about her include Shakespeare, Voltaire, Schiller, Verdi, Tchaikovsky, Twain, Shaw, and Brecht. Depictions of her continue in film, television, and song.

Joan of arc was also known as "the Maid of Orleans," she was a 15th century Catholic saint, and national heroine of France. A peasant girl born in Eastern France, Joan led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War, claiming divine guidance, and was indirectly responsible for the coronation of King Charles VII.
a 15th century saint and a national heroine of France
Joan of Arc is a sanit of France, she died when burnt alive as she dressed as a man to fight England.
A young peasant woman who helped France by leading soldiers against the English.
Joanne o ark was a French warrior

How did the plague spread

The Black Death was dependent on its carriers, fleas and rats, both of which it killed. When the supply of fleas and rats became too small, humans and other mammals came next. It was carried by trade from one area to another. Estimates differ, but most historians believe that the Black Death killed half the population.

What was the purpose of The Prince

To give advice to Italian nobles To show nobles how to rule effectively

How was Northern Italy different from Southern Italy at the beginning of the Renaissance

Southern Italy was more similar to northern Europe

Northern Italy had formed citystates, and southern Italy had not.

Southern Italy still had feudalism, while northern Italy did not.

Northern Italy had formed citystates, and southern Italy had not.

In what way did early northern Renaissance paintings differ from Italian Renaissance paintings

Size They were done on a smaller scale

What was one of the main factors that helped the Renaissance spread

Growing economic prosperity

Increased trade

Wealth

Why did the Renaissance take place in northern Italy

Italy traded with the Byzantine Empire and Islamic world. The region had political stability and wealth.

What best describes the character of humanism

individual

Why were more Europeans literate during the Renaissance

More Europeans were literate because of several things:

  • Improving economies
  • A growing interest in religious works
  • An interest in record keeping
How did Renaissance scholarship differ from that of previous eras

It was more invested in personal achievement.

It was less religious It was more secular.

Who was famous for making early designs of flying machines

Da Vinci

Which sacrament did Martin Luther eliminate

Penance Marriage

How did the use of pointed arches change cathedrals

They allowed cathedrals to have more windows.

They allowed cathedrals to become taller.

Elizabeth you of England was contested by Mary you

True

When did Henry VIII break away from the catholic church

Henry the VIII broke away from the catholic church in 1533.

What was the joint stock company that started Virginia

the London stock company was a 'joint' stock company with the Virginia stock company

What was the topic of the argument that led to the Great Schism

Roman Catholic Answer The "Great Schism" in my books always refers to the Western Schisms which was a controversy over who was the true Pope during the Avignon papacy, (1378-1417) during which there were as many as three separate claimants to the papal throne. However, many of the questions on Answers.com ask the question referring to the Eastern Schism in the eleventh century. That schism was mostly political, although the subjects usually referred to at the actual schism were the use of unleavened bread by the Western Church and the Eastern Church's removal of the Pope's name from the diptychs to be prayed for in the Eucharistic liturgy.

Answer:The great schism was a split in the catholic church that resulted in two popes holding office at the same time.

A split in the church that resulted in two popes holding office at the same time.

A religious crisis in Europe.

A period when there were two popes.

Roman Catholic Answerfrom A Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957

The Great Schism, otherwise know as the Schism of the West was not strictly a schism at all but a conflict between the two parties within the Church each claiming to support the true pope. Three months after the election of Urban VI, in 1378, the fifteen electing cardinals declared that they had appointed him only as a temporary vicar and that in any case the election was invalid as made under fear of violence from the Roman mob. Urban retorted by naming twenty-eight new cardinals, and the others at once proceeded to elect Cardinal Robert of Geneva as Pope Clement VII, who went to reside at Avignon. The quarrel was in its origin not a theological or religious one, but was caused by the ambition and jealousy of French influence, which was supported to some extent for political reasons by Spain, Naples, Provence, and Scotland; England, Germany, Scandinavia, Wales, Ireland, Portugal, Flanders and Hungary stood by what they believe to be the true pope at Rome. The Church was torn from top to bottom by the schism, both sides in good faith (it was impossible to know to whom allegiance was due), which lasted with its two lines of popes (and at one time three) till the election of Martin V in 1417. It is now regarded as practically certain that the Urbanist popes were the true ones and their names are included in semi-official lists; moreover, the ordinal numbers of the Clementine claimants (who, however, are not called anti-popes,) were adopted by subsequent popes of the same name.

The above answer concentrates on the schism between the western churches. However there was, and still is, a schism between the Eastern Church and the Western church which is usually dated to 1054. Although the church split in two at about that date friction due to doctrinal differences and the ever growing authority claimed by Rome had increased suspicions and hostility between east and west for years.

Since the begining of The Church the Patriarchs had been equal with no changes being made, either liturgical or doctrinal, without universal agreement. Although the Patriarch of Rome (Pope) was first among equals he did not have primacy over the entire Church; but angry disputes over the calendar, whether to use leavened or unleavened bread and Roman additions to the Creed (which the Orthodox still find unacceptable today) eventually led to the Roman Pope and the Eastern Patriarch excommunicating each other. The two Churches have existed as separate entities ever since.

When did the late Middle Ages start

During the Middle Ages. But late.

What influenced Renaissance art the most

Greek and Roman art

What was the most important factor in cause Martin Luther to lead the reformation

The selling of indulgences.

What useful device did the sumerians build for irrigation

Levees

What was true of the bubonic plague

It killed many many people.

What led the most directly to the decline of the latin language

Which led most directly to the decline of the Latin language

what was true about the Aztec empire at the time of Cortes

The Aztecs thought Cortes was a messenger of their god

What was the Inquisition

The Inquisition was a group if institutions within the government system of the Catholic Church, whose aim was to combat heresy. It started in 12th century France and spread to other European countries resulting in the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions. Minor religions were more numerous in these countries

What great church was built in Constantinople under Justinian I

hagia sophia

What statements is true about learning in the late middle ages

Scholasticism brought Aristotle and the Bible together. - Apex

Which of the following was not a result of the plague

An Internet search of the question found a possible answer could be that once the plague ended, it never returned to Europe.

Without seeing the multiple choices that were offered in the test, you could answer with almost anything.

==========================

C. Respect for the Mongols

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