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Auschwitz was not "stationed" in Poland. Auschwitz is a German name for town of Oswiecim. When in 1939 Germans invaded Poland they changed all the Polish names to German names, Polish language was forbidden. Part of the camp was acctually an old army barracks, in 1940 the Germans built the concentration camp around it. In years 1940-42 the inmates were mainly Poles and Russian soldiers. Then in 1942 first Jewish transports came. A total of at least 1.1 million people were killed there, mostly Jews from all over Europe, then Poles, Gypsies, Russians. Auschwitz was located at the crossroads of rail system, easy way to transport people. Germans were practical. And since that most European Jews lived in Poland it was logical to place camp as such there. Instead in, let's say, Denmark where only 6-8 thousands Jews lived. Imagine problems caused by transporting 3 million Polish Jews to Denmark or other country, such as France. There were other camps, like and Majdanek were majority of prisoners were non-Jews.

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15y ago
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13y ago

It was, above all, the extermination camps rather than ordinary concentration camps that were built in Poland. The Nazis built very harsh concentration camps in Poland, mainly to 'deal with' Polish nationalists and intellectuals.

They built extermination camps in Poland because:

  1. About half the Jews in areas under Nazi rule lived in Poland.
  2. Poland had a good rail network, which make transport to the extermination camps easier.
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12y ago

About half of the Jews in areas under German rule lived in Poland, and the country had a good rail network.
Their were more camps in Poland because Germany has already fill up its living dpsces and they need more living space for its population so once their conquerd poland, they built more living spaces for the germans and camps for the Jews.

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13y ago

To house Polish political prisoners.

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Later it acquired additional functions. Please see the related question.

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12y ago

When the occupied poland they renamed some of the cities and one of them was Auschwitz which is now called Oswiecim

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11y ago

Auschwitz was built in Poland because the camp was there before it was called Auschwitz.

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Continue Learning about General History

The largest Nazi death camp was located at?

Auschwitz and it was located in Nazi-Occupied Poland.


Did American troops help with the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau?

No, Auschwitz was in Nazi-occupied Poland. No U.S. troops fought in Poland.


What ocean is by the Auschwitz by?

Auschwitz is in SW Poland near Krakow. It is not near any sea or ocean.


What part of the country is Auschwitz?

Auschwitz today is part of a Polish town called Oswiecim, Poland.


Where was Auschwitz and how many did not survive?

Auschwitz was in Poland. Some 3 million people were estimated to have perished there.

Related questions

The largest Nazi death camp was located at?

Auschwitz and it was located in Nazi-Occupied Poland.


Where was Auschwitz death camp?

Auschwitz is located in Poland.


What is the distance between Gdansk Poland and Auschwitz Poland?

The Auschwitz concentration camp is located is Oswiecim, Poland. There is approximately 299 miles between Oswiecim, Poland and Gdansk, Poland.


Where is Auschwitz in the world?

Poland.


Did American troops help with the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau?

No, Auschwitz was in Nazi-occupied Poland. No U.S. troops fought in Poland.


Where was Auschwitz based?

Oswiecim, Poland


Where is Auschwitz near?

it is in southern Poland.


Aushwitz was in what country?

Auschwitz was in Poland


Which country are the cities of Auschwitz and Warsaw?

Poland


What is the largest concentration camp?

Auschwitz, in Poland


Where does bruno live in the book the boy in the stripped pajamas?

He lives in Auschwitz as his father is promoted to Commandant after the visit from The Fury


In which country are the cities of Auschwitz and Warsaw?

Auschwitz and Warsaw are both in poland, Warsaw is the countries capitol.