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The effective resistance of the capacitor reduces the ripple current through the capacitor making it less effective in its function of smoothing the voltage.

But if the capacitor filter is fed by a transformer and diodes, the resistance of the transformer exceeds that of the capacitor.

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โˆ™ 2015-03-18 17:53:35
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Q: What effect does the series resistance of a capacitor used in a capacitor filter have on diode current and ripple voltage compared with an ideal capacitor of no resistance?
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What is the relationship among voltage current and resistance in a circuit?

Voltage = (current) x (resistance) Current = (voltage)/(resistance) Resistance = (voltage)/(current)


Can ac pass through capacitor?

AC can pass through a capacitor. The higher the frequency of AC the lower the reactance (like resistance). The current and applied voltage are 90 degrees out of phase the current leading the voltage by this amount.


What happens to the current in a circuit as a capacitor charges?

What happens to the current in a circuit as a capacitor charges depends on the circuit. As a capacitor charges, the voltage drop across it increases. In a typical circuit with a constant voltage source and a resistor charging the capacitor, then the current in the circuit will decrease logarithmically over time as the capacitor charges, with the end result that the current is zero, and the voltage across the capacitor is the same as the voltage source.


Why does a capacitor block DC but allow AC To pass through?

Current through a capacitor is proportional to the rate of change of voltage across it. But in the case of dc supply, the rate of change of voltage is zero. Hence the capacitor current is also zero. Capacitive reactance -- the "resistance" of a capacitor to current flow -- is found by 1/(2*pi*f*C). For high frequencies, this "resistance" is low, allowing current flow. The lower the frequency, the higher this "resistance" is. DC or direct current is consider "zero" Hertz frequency and the capacitive reactance ("resistance") at this point is infinite, allowing no current flow at all. So, the higher the frequency, the easier it is for the signal to pass through the capacitor; the lower the frequency, the more difficult it is for current to pass and impossible for DC.


What does the continuity of capacitor voltage mean?

It might mean that the voltage across a capacitor cannot change instantanteously because that would demand an infinite current. The current in a capacitor is C.dV/dt so with a finite current dV/dt must be finite and therefore the voltage cannot have a discontinuity.

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What will happen if DC voltage is given to capacitor?

A capacitor resists a change in voltage. Initially, a capacitor given a DC voltage will appear to have very low resistance, but as current flows and time goes by, the resistance will increase as the voltage approaches the applied voltage. At equilibrium, the voltage across the capacitor will be equal to the applied voltage, the current will be zero, and the resistance will be infinity.


Why initially capacitor taking more current?

Consider the instantaneous DC analysis. Initially, the capacitor has zero resistance. You apply a voltage and current is controlled by other resistive elements alone. As the capacitor charges, its effective resistance rises. This adds to the net resistance in the circuit, reducing current. At full charge, the capacitor has infinite resistance, so there is no current. Remember that the equation for a capacitor is dv/dt = i/c.


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What is a relationship among voltage current and resistance in a circuit?

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What is the relationship among voltage circuit and resistance in a circuit?

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Why do the value of capacitor varies when ther is resistance?

because resistance is restricting the current and voltage, so for it be accurate you need to know what the voltage and the amps are.AnswerCapacitance is quite independent of resistance and, therefore, it will NOT vary if resistance is changed.


Can ac pass through capacitor?

AC can pass through a capacitor. The higher the frequency of AC the lower the reactance (like resistance). The current and applied voltage are 90 degrees out of phase the current leading the voltage by this amount.


How do you find the current if you have voltage and resistance?

Voltage = Current x Resistance giving us Current = Voltage / Resistance i.e. Voltage divided by resistance


How could a capacitor have voltage but no current?

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Ohm's Law: Voltage = current x resistance; solving for voltage, current = voltage / resistance.Ohm's Law: Voltage = current x resistance; solving for voltage, current = voltage / resistance.Ohm's Law: Voltage = current x resistance; solving for voltage, current = voltage / resistance.Ohm's Law: Voltage = current x resistance; solving for voltage, current = voltage / resistance.

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