Q: What temperature is a reaction spontaneous?

Write your answer...

Submit

Still have questions?

Continue Learning about Natural Sciences

A high temperature will make it spontaneous.

if H and S are both negative

the answer is 400

A reaction will be spontaneous at 298 K if the Gibbs free energy change (ΔG) for the reaction is negative. This means that the reaction will proceed in the forward direction without requiring an external input of energy. The equation ΔG = ΔH - TΔS can be used to determine if a reaction is spontaneous at a given temperature, where ΔH is the change in enthalpy and ΔS is the change in entropy.

An endothermic reaction can be spontaneous at room temperature if the increase in entropy of the system is large enough to overcome the energy input required for the reaction. This can happen if the products of the reaction have higher entropy than the reactants. As a result, the overall change in free energy can be negative even though the reaction is endothermic.

Related questions

The condition for a reaction to be spontaneous is ΔG < 0, where ΔG = ΔH - TΔS. At the temperature where ΔG becomes negative, the reaction will be spontaneous. You can calculate this temperature using the given values of ΔH and ΔS.

Increasing the temperature makes a reaction spontaneous in some situations.

A high temperature will make it spontaneous.

A reaction will be spontaneous at a given temperature if the Gibbs free energy change (ΔG) is negative. ΔG = ΔH - TΔS. As ΔH = -92 kJ/mol and ΔS = -0.199 kJ/(mol.K), plug these values into the equation along with the temperature to solve for ΔG. If ΔG is negative, the reaction will be spontaneous at that temperature.

To determine the temperature at which the decomposition of KClO4 is spontaneous, you need to know the Gibbs free energy change (∆G) for the reaction. If ∆G is negative, the reaction is spontaneous. Use the equation ∆G = ∆H - T∆S, where ∆H is the enthalpy change, ∆S is the entropy change, and T is the temperature in Kelvin. Set ∆G to 0 and solve for T to find the temperature at which the decomposition becomes spontaneous.

if H and S are both negative

A reaction will be spontaneous at low temperatures if the decrease in enthalpy (change in heat content) of the reaction is greater than the decrease in entropy (measure of disorder) multiplied by the temperature. This can be represented by the equation ΔG = ΔH - TΔS, where ΔG is the change in Gibbs free energy, ΔH is the change in enthalpy, T is the temperature in Kelvin, and ΔS is the change in entropy.

The reaction is spontaneous below 554.8/0.1975 K.

For the reaction to occur at room temperature, an external energy source must be provided to drive the reaction, and the reaction will absorb heat from the surroundings. The reaction is non-spontaneous because it does not occur naturally without intervention.

A high temperature can make a nonspontaneous reaction spontaneous by providing enough energy to overcome the activation energy barrier, allowing the reaction to proceed. At low temperatures, the kinetic energy of the molecules may not be sufficient for them to react, but increasing the temperature can provide the necessary energy for the reaction to occur spontaneously.

if H and S are both negative

the answer is 400