Cell Metabolism

We all use energy to survive. Metabolism is the total of all the chemical reactions an organism needs to survive, either plant or animal. Photosynthesis and glycolysis are necessary to life. These are intertwined with each other. There are a number of cycles involved, the basic one is the carbon cycle. There are also smaller cycles within the larger cycle.

820 Questions
Dieting and Weight Loss
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

Where does metabolism takes place?

intestines

111213
Cell Biology (cytology)
Cell Metabolism

What is the process that cells use to release energy?

cell respiration

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Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What is Introduction to Glycogen Metabolism?

glycogen metabolism is the terminology used for both glycogen synthesis and glycogen degradation ,glycogenesis and glycogenolysis .both of these pathways are exactly opposite to each other because both of these pathways involve different enzymes

glycogenesis is carried out by enzymes HEXOKINASE,PHOSPHOGLUCOMUTASE,UDP-GLUCOSE-PYROPHOSPHORYLASE,and GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE.

glycogenolysis is carried out by enzymes GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE,PHOSPHOGLUCOMUTASE,and debranching enzyme (GLUCAN TRANSFERASE).

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Genetics
Definitions
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What does metabolism refer to?

the process and rate of how the body uses materials.
Metabolism is a set of chemical reactions which happens in living cells to sustain life. In Metabolism chemicals such as Lipids, carbohydrates and protein are converted into water and carbon dioxide which releases energy which turns ADP into ATP.

91011
Cell Metabolism

What serves as a control for cell metabolism and reproduction?

what is serves as the control center for cell metabolism and reproduction

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91011
Cell Metabolism

What is the watery material which contains many of the materials invovled in cell metabolism?

I'd rather not do your homework for you! This is a question on my hw - with the exact wording from my worksheet! conincidence? i think not! anywho, if I come up with the answer I'll let ya know. and what do you know, its on my homework too!

789
E Coli Infections
Bacteria
Cell Metabolism

What does E. coli eat?

The E. coli bacteria eat undigested nutrients in mammal large intestines. It resides in these intestines. They are essential to healthy digestion, but sometimes cause intestinal gas.

Some strains do not know when to stop and will eat the lining of those intestines too! These can cause bloody diarrhea and fatal infections!

91011
Cell Biology (cytology)
Cell Metabolism

When there is no oxygen for your cells the cells use this to get energy?

lactic acid fermentation. (produces lactate and is only about 100th as efficient as cellular respiration)

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Cell Metabolism

What is the by product of cell metabolism?

Simply put, the waste products of celluar respiration are CO2 and water. We exhale the CO2 and some of the water, and other excess water is filtered into the urine by the kidneys.

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Cell Metabolism

What pattern of inheritance would lead a geneticist to suspect that an inherited disorder of cell metabolism is due to a defective mitochondrial gene?

The disorder would always be inherited from the mother because the mother's mitochondrial gene is the only one that survives when the zygote is formed. The gamete from the mother contains all the information. The head of the father's sperm is the only part that survives during fertilization. The tail of the sperm containing the male's mitochondria (an their genes) is lost when the zygote begins development. Thus it is only from the mother that the disorder can be inherited.

567
Ethanol and Lactic Acid Fermentation
Cell Metabolism

Why is ATP better than glucose as an immediate energy source for cell metabolism?

ATP contains high energy phosphate bond...which can easily release a lot of energy by releasing its phosphate group and converting to ADP...But glucose does not have such characteristics to be used as the energy currency...I has to go through many reactions to release some energy....

789
Biology
Animal Life
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What is anabolic metabolism?

Synthesis of large molecules .

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Physics
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Metabolism
Molecular Biology

How do you see colors?

You see colors when light strikes certain types of cells in the retina of the eye. These cells are called photoreceptors. The main types are called rods and cones. There is a third type which works when a human either has nor rods and cones or has ones which are blocked by the use of chemicals. Cones are the main source of color recognition. There are millions and millions of them in the retina. There are three types of cones, each being receptive to a different wavelength of light. Each wavelength corresponds to a different color. When light strikes a photoreceptor it releases a chemical that begins a complex process that enables the brain to recognize the color. To see color properly, a person must have all three types of cones, otherwise the person's eye will not have the photoreceptor that reacts to that particular wavelength. The chemical process from the cone to the brain where color is truly "seen" is too involved to be gone into here. Objects absorb colors and they reflect colors. For example some apples are red.the apple absorbs every color except for red. The apple reflects red.

At the molecular level, these color photoreceptor neurons must express color sensitive proteins called "opsins". They must also express only one opsin gene. The pattern of opsin gene expression is used by the brain to interpret the photons from the eye to see in color.

789
Cell Metabolism

Which part of the neuron is responsible for cell metabolism?

Dendrites

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Cell Metabolism

Does cell damage change cell metabolism?

Yes...and....No...but mainly yes cell damage and death will cause changes in the cell metabolism, but this may or may not have a significant effect on the bodies metabolism as a whole.

"Cell Damage" is a broad subject that depends on what type of cells, what tissue those cells make up, and where the source of damage originates. Different cells have different metabolic rates depending upon their activity.

Cell damage occurs in many different ways, naturally occurring cell damage is the most common form.

A series of chemical reactions happen in the body with metabolism. Mitochondria within the cell serve as the power base by converting the food we eat into Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) "energy".

Apoptosis plays a key role in metabolism, certain cells have different lifespans within the body and apoptosis helps maintain the homeostasis of the body by removing dead cells.

This is where it gets tricky, since different cells have different lifespans and some high metabolism and some have low metabolism. The dead cells, upon completion of their lifespan, are removed by apoptosis.

Normal apoptosis occurs with automatic digestion of the cells content. When the dispersion of the cells content is is near completion a signal from the cell attracts phagocytes that remove the dead cell without any adverse reaction.

Too much apoptosis causes cell-loss disorders such as osteoporosis and some excessive cell-loss disorders can cause uncontrolled replication of mutated cells resulting in disorders primarily cancer. "Abnormally high metabolic rates associated with diseases such as cancer cause sudden weight loss."

Many other factors such as "free radicals" affect the cells ability to function normally and thereby cause abnormal metabolism.

Histological examination of suspect cells can reveal many disorders associated with abnormal metabolic rates.

567
Biology
Genetics
Biochemistry
Cellular Respiration
Cell Metabolism

Is metabolism a part of cellular respiration?

Yes, True, yet in reverse: Cellular respiration is a small part of Cellular and Organismic Metabolism.

567
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What hormones are not involved in sugar metabolism?

The only hormones involved in sugar metabolism are insulin, adrenaline and glucagon

567
Laboratory Testing
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What are some carbohydrate metabolism tests?

insulin sensitivity test, Urine tests may help but are sometimes inaccurate......Urine changes color when exposed to air in some disorders (eg, darkish brown in alkaptonuria, purplish brown in porphyria). ... Challenge tests are often associated with an element of riskc

567
Dieting and Weight Loss
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What does a boosted metabolism do?

It burns more calories when the body is at rest.

567
Cell Metabolism

Is a snail single celled or multi celled?

single celled

345
Biology
Genetics
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

Does anaerobic metabolism use oxygen?

Initially, no.

Anaerobic exercise is really a misnomer. The work done still requires oxygen it is just that the oxygen is supplied eventually and not while performing the action. This is because the body is using glucose to the point of producing lactic acid. This is feasible for a short period of time, but eventually the oxygen debt created while using this pathway has to be repaid to deal with the lactic acid by converting it back into glucose. A good example is a sprint. After the end of the sprint there is a period of recuperation and panting required.

345
Biochemistry
Endocrine System
Cell Metabolism

What is the hormone involved in glucose metabolism?

Glucocoricoid

345
Vitamins and Supplements
Nutrition
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What is a yellow water soluble vitamin of the B complex essential for the carbohydrate metabolism of cells?

riboflavin

345
Biology
Genetics
Biochemistry
Cell Metabolism

What is the function of oxygen in aerobic metabolism?

How we get the energy from the food we eat, its similar to process of burning a candle or a fire, oxygen is how you get the energy and how you control. For example limiting the oxygen limits the energy, like when you sit on a couch your breathing is slow and relaxed versus when you run you huff and puff gasping for air.

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Cell Metabolism

What serves as a control center for a cell metabolism and reproduction?

The nucleus

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