Questions pertaining to corporations, companies and their practices, including how they affect individuals, nations and the world.

23,345 Questions

Did Macy's take over Strawbridge's gift cards?

Macy's took over all May company stores in 2005. Stawbridge's being one of the May company stores.

Business & Finance
Business Plans
Business Networking

Who owns public companies?

Mainly Shareholders


Which is the world's largest fmcg company?

According to Forbes 2009 rating (category Food, Drink & Tobacco):



Kraft Foods



Anheuser-Busch InBev

Philip Morris International

Japan Tobacco


Can you suggest name of engineering company?

  • Global Engineering
  • TriEn
  • EngCorp
  • Best Engineers

Before using any of proposals please check if they are not registered already.

Cars & Vehicles

How are cars built?

Humans and Machines TogetherCars are built by a combination of humans and robots (programmed by humans) on an assembly line. Some cars are totally built by hand, basically limited production cars, classic cars, or something special. Some others are totally built by machines. Quality checks are normally made by humans. All cars are built through an assembly line process, some on the assembly line, some with the parts going to the car instead of the car going to the parts.

There are two distinct assembly processes involved, one for unibody design cars (the most popular type today) and another for body on frame vehicles (most all trucks, and most rear wheel drive cars).

In the unibody design, the body weld shop is the first stage, in which the major body panels - the floor, the roof and the side panels, are first tack welded within a fixture. Later, after the body is released from the framing fixture, "respot" welds are applied, likely 1500 or more, and most by robot. Reinforcement brackets and supports for components are then welded and the body becomes very stiff. Unibody cars have a lot of heavy supporting parts which require arc welding as well, usually wire fed MIG welders are used, either by robot or by manual means.

Then bolt on components, including the doors, the trunk lid and the hood are assembled, using special fixtures to maintain proper clearances for a good fit.

The next major stage is that the body is selectively metal finished by disc wheel abrasives to eliminate any defects caused by dirt within dies. It takes a special skill to do this job, even to notice the potential defects which will become glaringly obvious after painting.

The next stage is phosphate coating, which cleans all the die oils and any dirt and applies a texture to the metal for painting.

Next stage is prime painting, which is almost always done by dipping in a long, deep bath unit and use of an electric current to "plate" the primer to the metal. The primer paint is baked in ovens running about 200 degrees Celsius.

The next stage is topcoat paint and again, most of this has been automated with either reciprocating beam sprayers or robotics. As there are usually multiple color possibilities, multiple paint pipes run to the spray booths, and back to keep the paint circulating. Multiple layers of topcoat are applied, each one having to be set up to allow a "flash off" time to elapse between coats. Thereafter the topcoat is baked.

Thereafter a similar process is done using "clear coat" paint, and baked again. Thus, three baking stages for the body - primer, topcoat and clearcoat.

Body framing, welding and painting consume about two-thirds of the cars total time in assembly. But, the last third of the time in system, the "general assembly" stage, the "bolts and nuts" assembly, occupies most of the human labor.

The interior is first assembled in a logical order - floor carpets, windshields and door glass, heating and air conditioning, pedals, headliners, lighting, instrument panels, steering columns. The last stage for the body interior is generally the seat installation.

The next stage is the power train installation. Before the body is finished, in parallel time, the engine has been "dressed" with wiring, fuel injection system, and accessory drives - generator, air conditioner, power steering pump. It is then mated to a supporting structure, called a "cradle," mated to a transmission and further work is done to install the exhaust pipes, drive shafts, front and rear hubs (or solid rear axle, in some cases), brakes, springs and shock absorbers. These are set up in a special fixture to support these components. The fixture will later raise these up under the body, and workers install the "engine cradle" and the attached components to the body, working below the body which is now supported from overhead on a moving conveyor.

The final assembly stage is where the wiring is connected, fuel tank installed, radiator is installed with connecting hoses, all the fluids added, the wheels are installed and the bumpers, grille and external lights assembled.

Now the car can be started and is tested using a dynamometer to check acceleration, transmission function and brakes. The steering alignment is later done on rollers with the engine spinning the wheels.

Any assembly error corrections are done usually in stalls, similar to an auto garage, and then the car is shipped.

The body on frame vehicles are built in a similar fashion, with these differences:

The body is simpler, less parts to weld, as the attaching surfaces for the engine and suspension are part of the frame, not the body.

The frame acts as the assembly fixture, and the engine/transmission unit is directly assembled to the frame, along with the front hubs, rear axle, suspension components, chassis wiring, steering and brake parts and the fuel tank. This comprises the "chassis." This work can be accomplished more easily, standing above the frame instead of under the body as with unibody cars.

Thereafter the body is lowered to the finished chassis, and a similar process is employed as with unibody cars.


What is the phone number for Comcast corporate headquarters in Philadelphia?

If you look up Comcast's website, they'll have a section called "contact us". Or call your local Comcast.

Investing and Financial Markets
Foreign Exchange (Forex)

Is Finexo forex trading platform any good?

A great place to see real reviews on Forex Brokers is ForexPeaceArmy. Be very careful when using retail brokers as there are a lot of scams and dishonesty.

Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Industries and Professions

Is JM Paquet in California out of business?

JM Paquet is out of business. After a very successful run, they closed their doors back in early 2009.

Cars & Vehicles

Is the publishers information bureau prize a scam?

If they are asking you for money, yes!

Job Training and Career Qualifications

Who is the CEO of ONGC?

The ONGC CEO is Mr. R S Sharma

Business Plans
Business Law

Can a company director sue his own company?

yes, as the company is a legal entity, and it can be sued by the director if the shareholders of a company use the company as the alter ego of the shareholders.

Business Accounting and Bookkeeping

Where does Accumulated Depreciation appear?

Accumulated depreciation is a contra asset account. So it goes with the assets but works in reverse from normal assets. So the debit side won't be increases, but rather decreases. And the credit side will be the increases. And it will be grouped with the fixed asset that's being depreciated. This way, you'll be able to see the original value and all the depreciation that's been taken.

Travel & Places
Hotel Chains
Industries and Professions

What is the Hyatt corporation worth?

As of the quarter ending September 30, 2010, Hyatt Hotels Corporation had:

Book value (assets - liabilities): $5.1 billion

Market capitalization: $7.1 billion

Business & Finance

What time does walmart close today?

12 00

Salary and Pay Rates
Compensation and Benefits
Unemployment Benefits

Can a school bus driver get unemployment benefit in Minnesota?

Sorry to say, but in Minnesota as a school bus driver you can not claim unemployment like every other seasonal job. School bus drivers are lumped in with teachers even though most of the time they aren't given the option to spread their pay over 12 months. This means that many have zero income for a few months a year.


What is internal reconstruction of a company?

Internal reconstruction is an arrangement made by companies whereby the claims of share holders, debenture holder, creditors and other liabilities are reduced or altered, so that the accumulated losses are written off, assets are valued at its fair value and the balance sheet shows the true and fair view of the financial position.

Personal Finance
Home-Based Businesses

Is Automatic Wealth Solution a scam or not?

"Automatic Wealth Solution" kind of says it all. It's a scam. If one had an "Automatic" solution they'd not need to advertise to you, or ask you for money.

Money represents human labor, and other things of intrinsic worth that one way or another represent human labor. There is never anything "automatic" about that.

US Presidents

What is a higher rank CEO or president?

In the US government the President is higher, but in a company the CEO is the highest. In order to clarify this it should be noted that the office of CEO does not exist in the US Government. Also, in the business world a person can be both the CEO, Chief Executive Officer and President.

Slogans and Mottos

What company uses the slogan solid as a rock?

General Motors or GM

Sales and Customer Service

What is meant by the term customer satisfaction?

Customer satisfaction is a measure of how the products or services that are supplied by a company match up against the customer's expectations of that product or service. For example, if you purchase an item from a TV Commercial that guarantees customer satisfaction, it must be a product that matches your expectations of how good you think the product will be or how good it will perform. There's a customer satisfaction index for measuring these expectations closer.


What is the toll-free number for Proctor and Gamble?

Procter & Gamble's toll-free number is : 800-543-7276 (Edited to add: The number listed is no longer in service.)

Just found this out! The toll-free number for Proctor & Gamble (Canada) is: 1-800-308-3279

Illegal Drugs

Which company has tagline as bong bong bong bong bong?


Swimming Pools

How many pool supply companies are in the US?

I think there is about 17,000 swimming pool dealers, service companies, etc.

There are over 50,000 pool stores in the US. There are also several distributors. There are many more online retailer and wholesalers as well.

Salary and Pay Rates

How much money does hungry jacks get per year?

They make US $348 million a year but then minus all their costs their left with US $200 million a year.


What is the phone number to Sears corporate headquarters?

(847) 286-2500


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