Football Equipment

Ask questions here about the protective equipment American football players wear, from helmets and pads to gloves and cleats.

2,871 Questions
Football Equipment

How many helmets do pro players use in a season?

0 they use 0 helmets cuz there awsome

Football Equipment

When was the first helmet used in sports?

I'm not sure when but I can tell you the first FOOTBALL helmet was made by a shoemaker in Annapolis, MD for an officer at the Naval Academy...hope this helps :/

Football Equipment

What is size of official pee wee football?

the size for jounier all-american football(jaaf) is an 11 inch ball

Football Equipment

Can an adult use a youth football helmet?

Technically speaking, yes they can. Youth and adult helmets generally follow the same size chart. However there are a few differences between youth and varsity helmets.

Adult helmet shells are made of Polycarbonate, which is a tough plastic material that absorbs much of the impact. Youth helmet shells are usually made out of ABS plastic. ABS is lighter and less expensive than Polycarbonate, but it also absorbs less impact.

The cushioning in both helmets is usually the same. There are some helmets (Schutt DNA Recruit, Riddell Attack) that are built specifically for younger children, and should not be worn by adults in competition.

The only other differences are that youth helmets typically have thicker jaw pads and smaller chin straps. But of course those can be switched out.

Football Equipment

How do you put on a jockstrap?

Putting on a Protective Suspensory Cup (aka Jockstrap)

The most common way to wear a jockstrap is to put it on immediately over the skin, as the bottom layer. The leg straps can be seen through white baseball or football pants; if this is embarrassing, one can wear the jock under a pair of compression shorts. The pouch goes in front and the legs go through the leg straps. Pull it up and adjust to comfort. Some men like their penis to point directly up, others like it pointing either to the left or the right, while still others bend it forward so it points down. Because there are two styles of cups -- the banana-shaped cup and the tradtional triangular-shaped cup -- the most comfortable placement of the penis inside the cup is not the same for both styles of the cup. With the banana cup, the most comfortable placement for most men probably is pointing down. With the traditional triangular shaped cup, however, the most comfortable placement may be either pointing up or down. The traditional triangular shaped cup is wider at the top and many men may prefer to lift up their penis and place it under (and across) the top wider part of the cup. If a man's penis becomes erect or partially erect while wearing a cup, it can feel uncomfortable to the man. With the banana shaped cup, the penis will attempt to point upward, but it has no place to go and it will push uncomfortably against the bottom of the cup. With the traditional shaped cup, the erecting penis is able to find release by pushing itself out under the edge of the top of the cup. A lot of times the penis ends up moving and pointing to one side or the other which if this happens you just need to readjust a little to keep pointing the way you want. With cup style jockstraps, some prefer to place the cup in before stepping into a jockstrap, while others prefer to place the cup in after.

Men should be aware of the fact that a protector-cup, to function properly, must fit snugly. A blow or impact to a loose-fitting protector-cup will only slam the cup into the man's testicles, causing pain and possible injury. Many men and sports coaches never think about this. Many cup-supporters, briefs, or sliding shorts do not hold the cup in place snugly. In these instances, a man should wear a pair of tight-fitting nylon/spandex athletic shorts over his cup-protector/jockstrap, so that the cup is held tightly against his body.

A jockstrap can also be worn under pants. They are very useful to wear instead of regular underwear during hiking, biking, camping, or other outdoor activities as they absorb less moisture than a pair of cotton briefs and can provide much needed cooling. Jockstraps can also prevent scrotal chafing and impact because the scrotum is lifted away from the thighs, very useful while hiking long distances. Since most jocks are a cotton, polyester and/or spandex blend, they can easily be washed and hung to dry quickly each night.

Football - American
American Football History
Football Equipment

Where did they get the shape of the football?

football originated from a game called rugby. That is where the shape of the football came from.

Pete is right that the shape of our football comes from the shape of of the rugby ball. So the next question is how did the rugby ball get its shape.

The Rugby Ball and its oval shape did not come about because the ball needed to be handled during a rugby game.

The Rugby Ball shape was dictated by the pig's bladder that was inserted into a hand stitched leather casing which was used as the ball.

It was only much later that rubber gained popularity and replaced the pigs bladder. In those early days it was necessary to ask for "volunteers" to inflate the ball for it was not a job that was sought after.

The pigs bladder would be blown up while still in its very smelly ��green state'' solely by lung power down the stem of a clay pipe which was inserted into the opening of the bladder.

In the 1880s the rugby ball was produced by manufacturers and described as oval, about eleven inches long, about nine inches across.

'It is light, hard-blown, of indiarubber, covered with a leather case, very accurately fitting, made in equal pieces cut in the long axis of the ball, smoothly and strongly sewn together.'

'In the centre four inches of one seam is a slit, through which the indiarubber bladder has been passed into the case. This slit has been very accurately laced up, and care has been taken to leave no tag of lacing hanging.'

The Rugby Ball was originally much rounder and larger than it is today. Some even had a lace handle on the top to hold it!

Soccer balls were rounder. Eventually manufacturers could produce a perfectly round ball, allowing soccer players to have far greater kicking control of the ball on the ground.

obviously it is shaped that way so that you cannot predict its movement on the ground, yet it is aerodynamic when thrown properly.

The "pig bladder" story is a bit of misunderstood history. Consider that early soccer balls also used pig bladders, but those balls remained generally round in shape. The shape of the bladders was unpredictable, but they were generally spherical. The rugby ball gradually flattened out because that made it easier for handling, carrying, and passing by hand.

Football - Soccer
Football Equipment

What equipment do you need to play football soccer?

To play the football soccer need sports wear, football, shin guard and goal post. And soccer shoes.
The basic equipment that all soccer players must use are: a shirt with sleeves, shorts, socks, shin guards, and shoes (usually cleats). Additionally, a goalkeeper may wear track suit bottoms as part of their basic equipment. No other items may be worn by any player on the field, unless that item serves a protective purpose and is not dangerous to the wearer or any other player or official. Examples include goalkeeper's gloves, ankle, knee, wrist, and elbow braces, and protective headgear.

Rings, necklaces, bracelets, watches, snoods, and other items are expressly forbidden. Other items are allowed at the discretion of the referee if they meet the above criteria of purpose and safety. Undershorts and undershirts, if visible, must match the color of the garment under which they are worn.

Other equipment needed to play includes: a field that meets the requirements of Law 1 (note that goal nets are optional under the Laws, but are highly recommended and nearly always present, but corner flags are mandatory and a match cannot be played without them), one or more balls that meet the requirements of Law 2, and whatever equipment the referee needs (which he will bring himself). Additional equipment, such as a first-aid trainer's kit, water and snacks, a bench to sit on, are also usually helpful.
Shirt, shorts, long socks, shin guards, and cleats that dont have a toe cleat

American Football History
Football Equipment

Why did they wear leather helmets in the early days of football?

it was the best material they had at the time.

in the first days of football they had no helmates it was not till about 1893 they were introduced and not entill 1939 they were made manditory for all players to ware

Football - American
Football Equipment

Where can you buy professional football cleats?

Football Equipment

Can you use youth football helmets in high school?

No your football team should distribute their own helmet to you

Ice Hockey
Football Equipment
Ice Hockey Equipment

Will an ITech hockey mask fit a Bauer helmet?

Yes and no, depending on what models you are using of each.

If shopping at a local hockey pro shop, bring the helmet with you for comparison. Otherwise contact ITech and/or Bauer for further information.

it probably should since Itech is a subdivision of Bauer

Football - Soccer
Soccer History
Football Equipment

What are the technological improvements in Football?

There are not really many. There has been so much talk about FIFA introducing goal line technology especially after Frank Lampard's disallowed goal for England in the 2010 Fifa World Cup. On the whole there is not much technological advancement.

-Over the years tv monitors have been issued by the dugout, but never used. I remember Jose Mourinho chucking one on the floor because he did not get a discission. Also as of 2010-2011, fifth and sixth officials with magic wands were first introduced, but they might aswell have not been there due to a lack of involvement.-

Football - American
Football - Soccer
Football Equipment

Can the number 0 be used on a football soccer jersey?

It is possible to have the number zero on a soccer jersey, but must be formatted so that there are two zeroes like this: 00. It just has to be different from other numbers, and it must not exceed two digits.

Football - American
American Football History
National Football League (NFL)
Football Equipment

Are NFL QB's allowed to wear the number 1?

yes, Warren Moon wore #1

Valid numbers for a QB in the NFL are 1 through 19.

Football Equipment
Louis Vuitton

Why are footballs made out of leather and not some other material?

they are made of pigskin stillThe football was originally made of pigskin, for no other reason than that pigskin was easily available, tough, and waterproof.

they are made of leather to be light and easy to kick

They were never really made of pig skin. They just looked like it.

Periods and Conception
Football Equipment

In what order do you wear your football pads?

2 knee pads, 2 thigh pads,gurdle 2 on your hip 1 on ur tailbone,shoulder pads,mouthguards,cleats.People your forgeting the cup very important

Here's what I did when I played football;


Cup(always wear a cup when playing football or other sports,belive me)



Shoulder Pads



and Helmet.

pads people can wear.....

ankle brace(optional) knee brace(optional) rib cage(optional)cleats.Cup(optional) Back Plate (optional)

Football - American
Pittsburgh Steelers
Football Equipment

What brand of helmet does Troy Polamalu wear?


Football - American
Football Equipment

How many pads does a football player wear?

It depends a little on the player and position, but there are 10 basic pieces of equipment helmet, shoulder pads, a tailbone pad, 2 hip pads, 2 thigh pads, 2 knee pads, and a cup. Mouthguards are pretty much necessary, but not really a pad. Outside of that some players also opt to wear flack jackets, back and/or sternum plates, neck rolls, forearm pads.

Some players do not wear a cup. (As a point of reference, virtually every major league baseball player wears a cup, while most NFL players do not.)

Football - American
American Football History
National Football League (NFL)
Football Equipment

What is the shoe most used by NFL place kickers?

The Adidas Copa Mundial, Nike Air Legend, and Nike Tiempo a very popular kicking shoes (soccer cleats) among both punters and place kickers at the college and professional levels. for more check out

Football - American
American Football History
Football Equipment

Average number of footballs used each game?

1 or 2

Each team uses their own set of balls. The punter and the kicker each have their own balls that differ slightly in air pressure. There are multiple balls available for rotation for when the balls gets thrown in the dirt or wet etc. I'm not sure when the exact number is, but it's not 1 or 2. It's likely close to 10-15 balls for each team, not counting any extra balls they need for everyone to be able to warm up before the game. Over 50 guys on a team might need more than 15 balls just for snapping, throwing, hand off, and catching warm ups.

Football Equipment
High School Football
The Difference Between

What size football do high schools use?


Football - American
Football Equipment

Why do some football players wear black lines under their eyes?

  • The black marks are called eye black (a greasy black substance, not sure of its composition) and eye black strips (simple strips of black adhesive that doesn't smear or stain clothes).
  • The black stops some light from reflecting in to the players eyes. This helps them handle the glare from lights and sunshine. Some players also wear a lot to try and intimidate the opposition
  • Eye black is a grease applied under the eyes to reduce glare. It is often used by baseball and American football players, where sunlight or stadium lights can impair vision of an airborne ball. Eye black has been used for centuries to help reduce the glare of the sun.

Traditional grease consists of beeswax, paraffin, and carbon. Anti-glare face stripes that emulate the grease are also commonly used. One of the earliest known instances of a player wearing eye black is baseball legend Babe Ruth, who, in or around the 1930s, used the grease in an attempt to reduce sun glare. According to Paul Lukas of, eye black caught on with football player Andy Farkas. He also states that the original eye black was made from burned cork ashes.

A 2003 study by Brian DeBroff and Patricia Pahk tested whether black eye grease actually had anti-glare properties. The subjects of the study were divided into three groups: wearers of eye black, wearers of anti-glare stickers, and wearers of petroleum jelly. The subjects' vision was tested using an eye chart while being exposed to natural sunlight. The study concluded that eye black reduced glare of the sun and improved contrast sensitivity, whereas commercial anti-glare stickers and petroleum jelly (the control substance) were found to be ineffective. A further study which set to improve DeBroff's methodology also found eye black to reduce glare from the sun, but less so in blue-eyed individuals and males.

Some athletes, particularly at the college level, began a practice of placing short messages or Bible verse references on their eye black. On April 14, 2010, the NCAA Playing Rules Oversight Panel (PROP) approved a proposal effecting "that players are not allowed to have any symbols or messages on their eye black starting in the 2010 season.

Most modern NFL & NCAA players just use it as war-paint.

American Football History
Football Equipment

How were football shoes first developed?

Football shoes

Ever since Adi Dassler made his first pair of football boots Adidas has been at the forefront of football. As players' skills have evolved and as competitiveness thrived, Adidas have adapted to the changing game with highly innovative products.

This timeline details the history of Adidas football boots.

1920 Adi Dassler makes his first "handmade" sports shoes in his mother's 20 square metre washroom in Herzogenaurach, Germany.

1925 12 people, including family members, are producing 50 pairs of shoes a day. During this period Adi Dassler produces his first football boots with nailed leather studs.

1927 Adi moves into the Gebrüder Dassler Building with the goal of making 1,000 pairs of perfect sports shoes per day.

1950 Adidas produces the legendary Samba, the first football boots with moulded multi-studded rubber soles.

1954 Just before the World Cup final in Switzerland, pre-game drizzle has turned into a downpour. The field is a swamp. Luckily Adi Dassler has come prepared. For months he has been preparing the Adidas screw-in stud and within an hour he replaces the German team's shoe studs with longer ones. The Hungarians struggle in the thick mud as the German team goes on to score the game-winning goal to take home the World Cup trophy.

1956 Adi Dassler pioneers the idea of using nylon soles for sports footwear. The result: a revolutionary polyamide sole for football boots.

1962 New for the 1962 FIFA World CupTM, Chile was a football boot with ankle padding, a rear shoe tab and side lace holders. Players loved these football boots, and they were worn in each of the 32 matches.

1974 At the 1974 FIFA World CupTM in Germany Adidas introduces the use of kangaroo leather and a moulded-stud outsole, for football boots.

1977 The first football boot is developed with a sole made from materials with two different densities.

Released in 1979 but designed especially for the 1982 World Cup, the Copa Mundial is synonymous with comfort, speed and versatility. Built on its legendary comfortable last, and using the world's softest leather, the Copa Mundial provides a smooth ride and unrelenting quickness on any type of pitch. For decades the Copa Mundial would be the world's best-selling football boot.

1994 The launch of the Adidas Predator� proved to be another revolution in football boots. Players noticed they had more power, more control, more swerve and pinpoint accuracy. Adidas also revolutionised football outsoles with the introduction of its TRAXION� technology. Grip like a screw-in stud football boot, comfort like a moulded shoe.

2005 For the biggest ever event in football history, the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany, Adidas presents the +Predator Absolute. The eighth generation of Predator� features the revolutionary Exchangeable PowerPulseTM technology, allowing players to add power to taste!

2006 Now football boots are becoming even more personal. Adidas introduces the+F50 TUNIT. Allowing players to customise, adapt and tune their football boots to any weather, any pitch and their very own personal style. The revolutionary +F50 TUNIT is easily constructed from three interchangeable components: the upper, the chassis and the studs. Each component comes in a variety of styles and functions. Simply by mixing and matching their components of choice, each player can easily build and tune their football boots.

2007 Adidas presents the Predator PowerSwerve. Compared to its predecessor, thePredator PowerSwerve achieves eight percent more swerve and increases the power behind every shot by around three percent.

The launch of the adiPURE line marks a further milestone in the Adidas football bootsegment. The name "adiPURE" symbolizes the main features of the handcrafted football boot: pureness, simplicity, naturalness and elegance. However, the key benefit of this football boot is its fantastic fit. The high-quality materials, soft leather and pre-moulded sockliner provide outstanding comfort as well as an excellent, natural feel for the ball.

2008 Adidas unveils the F50.8 TUNiT at the Centre Conventiones International Barcelona (CCIB). This unique football boot features both outstanding modularity and the innovative and transparent "AllesKlar" ("All Clear") element.

National Football League (NFL)
Football Equipment

What do the numbers mean on NFL jersey sizes?

The unit should be inch.

Size S M L XL XXL 3XL 4XL 5XL Jersey Size 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 Chest 42 46 50 54 58 62 66 70 Body Length (front) 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Body Length (back) 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Football - American
Football Equipment

Who put letters on football gloves?



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