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Holocaust

The genocide of approximately 6 million European Jews during World War II planned by Adolf Hitler.

36,316 Questions
Holocaust
Jehovah's Witnesses

How many Jehovah's Witnesses in Thailand?

Around 4000 according to the 2015 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism

What is the name of the Nazi attempt to kill all of Europe's Jews?

Holocaust.

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Holocaust
Chess

Can a king kill another piece?

Yes, as long as it doesn't put him in check.

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Holocaust

Where are the remaining documents from the Holocaust kept?

They are not conveniently stored together, all in one place, but are scattered over several archives.

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Holocaust
Movies

Was pavel shmuel's dad?

if you mean in the film The Boy In The Stripped Pajamas, then i think the answer is yes. the timing in the film works out about right. and it may just be ironic, but they also look sort of similar. i haven't found it proven anywhere, but it makes sense.

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Holocaust
World War 2
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Adolf Hitler
Anti-Semitism

Why did Adolf Hitler target the Jews?

Answer 1

Hitler was racist towards Jews and other minorities. He focused the resentment of the German people toward those of different cultures, in order to achieve power. Some of the more important reasons that he hated them were the following:

1) Decay of the German State: During the 1800s, Jews and other minorities began to become more integrated in German National Life. They served in its government, its military divisions, and its industry. As was typical of Western Europe, the Jews had more of a hand in the higher echelons of government than their population percentage would account for. Hitler saw this increasing Jewish percentage in the government as a slow takeover of German policy and a corruption of the German people. They contrasted the great victories under Bismarck with the depressing failure of World War I and noted how a much larger percentage of soldiers in the latter war were Jewish. There was also the sentiment than in the early 20th century, values were beginning to ebb (this is similar to current politics in the United States) and the Jewish integration in the German apparatus (becoming teachers, lawyers, doctors, etc.) was to blame for this recession of values as opposed to modernity as a process.

2) Nationalism: Germany was brought together under the Nationalist conception that all peoples with German culture, history, and language should be united regardless of which principality currently held control. The German self-conception also had an ethnic component, holding that the perfect German was blond and blue eyed. Regardless of the fact that the majority of Germans were dark haired, Jews and Gypsies stuck out like sore thumbs because they overwhelmingly had darker hair. In addition, the idea of a German Jew was still rather new and both Jews and non-Jews tended to see the Jews in Germany as being part of a vast Jewish network and that these Jews just happened to be in Germany. The same perception existed for Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Communists. Hitler capitalized on this cosmopolitan sensibility by claiming that these people's allegiances were not to the German State, but to secret councils made up of these minorities that conspired against the German people.

3) Economy: Whether it was true or not, there was perception among Germans and Hitler in particular that Jews were wealthy individuals and had a higher per-capita income than the Germans. In many ways (because of the above two reasons) Germans felt that the Jews were "stealing" their money while they were poor and suffering.

4) Pseudo-Science: The late 19th and early 20th century was filled with radical new ideas concerning Social Darwinism, a movement that Hitler was a part of. It was believed by the Pseudo-Scientific community (which was rather in vogue) that different groups of people or races exhibited different emotional traits that were linked to physical differences. This led to the belief that Jews and Gypsies were corrupt and thieving by their irreversible nature and that they could not be "cured" and brought up as proper Europeans. This formalized Racism in Germany and made the situation much more dire for German minorities.

5) Heresy: Although not as much an issue in World War II as it may have been 500 years prior, Jews were still considered the heretics who murdered the LORD and Savior. This helped to justify Anti-Semitism as the Jewish comeuppance for their accepting of the Christ Bloodguilt.

because they didn't believe in his culture

Answer 2

Hitler targeted the Jews because he blamed them for losing Germany world war 1 because during that time Hitler was just a foot solider but clearly he loved Germany and hated the Jews

Answer 3

Jews were a convenient target because they had already been persecuted in Europe for a thousand years, and there was a well established tradition of hating Jews. When Hitler announced that all of German's problems had been caused by Jews, there were lots of people who found that lie very easy to believe.

Answer 4

He blamed everything on the Jews. He thought that they were unpure. He had thought that the perfect race had blue eyes and blonde hair. No one was pure.

Answer 5

Adolf Hitler was serving in a strict military when he was young, and to them surrender was the worst embarrassment. Anyway, in the end the German army Hitler was serving for asked a high end Jewish society for funds to help them keep fighting, since they were flat broke, but the Jewish society refused, because they thought Hitlers army had no chance to win.

Therefore, with no funds, the German army was forced to surrender, the worse embarrassment.

When the war ended, Hitler was furious with the Jews for not giving them money, and forcing the army to surrender.

With this fury against the mainly innocent religion and people, Hitler set out for revenge, and the rest is History.

Because, Adolf Hitler had a lot of hatred against the Jews.

Answer 6

After World War 1 there were all kinds of conspiracy theories circulating about the Jews. They were widely regarded as Communists and subversives. In Germany and Austria there was a widespread view (for which there was no evidence) that they had engineered the defeat of Germany. This was also a conspiracy theory but was taken seriously by hardline nationalists. because they didn't believe in his culture

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Literature and Language
Holocaust

Who was most responsible for population decrease during and after the Holocaust?

The time of the holocaust was also the time of WWII, of which responsibility for the major loss of life can be shared between Hitler, Stalin, Hiro Hito, and Mussolini. But perhaps you are thinking of Holocaust victims and not soldiers. In this category you have to include a number of people: Chinese, Ethiopians, Jews, Gypsies, Homosexuals, and the mentally retarded (as they were referred to at that time). Countries that were involved in such persecution include: Japan, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, (Occupied) Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, France, Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece. Denmark and Norway effectively resisted the policies to a large degree.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Adolf Hitler

Was Hitler's mom killed by Jews?

No, Hitler's mother had breast cancer, the doctor was a Jew but there was nothing the doctor could do to save cancer. This is one of the reasons Hitler hated Jews. But again in many cases with these modern technologies still cancer can not be solved.

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Holocaust
Oskar Schindler

What was oskar schindler's impact on the world?

none, but Spielberg's film had a massive impact.

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World War 2
Holocaust
Germany in WW2

What anti-Jewish measures did the Nazi government take from 1933 to 1939?

From April 1933 onwards, German Jews were turned into second class citizens. They applied to people of Jewish origin as well as Jews in the religious sense. One of the first measures was a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses. Then there followed a hailstorm of anti-Jewish decrees (429 in all in Germany from 1933-1943). Here are some of the main decrees:

  1. A ban on employing Jews in the public sector and the dismissal of most Jews already in the public sector. (In Germany this included a huge range of occupations). (April 1933)
  2. Jewish businesses were forbidden to adverstise except in newspapers specifically for Jews.
  3. Jewish physicians (doctors) were not allowed to treat non-Jewish patients in publicly funded insurance schemes. Later the ban was extended to all treatment. (April 1933)
  4. Jews banned from the media and from working in theatres or acting on the stage or in films. (April 1933) [The Nazis were particularly preoccupied with the matter of Jews in the media].
  5. All female Jewish students expelled from univesities and colleges, and most male Jews as well. (April 1933)
  6. Jewish lawyers restricted. (May 1933)
  7. Sexual intercourse (presumed as well as actual) between Jews and others was made a very serious crime. (1935)
  8. In 1935 two 'classes' of citizenship were established - Germans and German Jews. (The latter had no protection abroad and weren't in any real sense citizens any more). From 1938 onwards the passports of German Jews were stamped with a huge red letter J).
  9. Jews who did not have obviously Jewish names were allocated additional names by the government.
  10. Very high (and frequently increased) charges for permission to leave Germany.
  11. Jews had to pay income tax at the top rate regardless of actual income.
  12. Remaining Jews expelled from university (1938).
  13. After the 'Night of the Broken Glass' (9-10 November 1938) the Jews had to pay a huge collective fine.
  14. Early 1939. Jews banned from central areas of Berlin and some other cities. Later in 1939, Jews were ordered to move to designated Jewish apartment blocks. These had a large J and the star of David above all entrances. Jews were even forbidden to own a radio or a pet! Jews were not allowed to use public transport. When food rationing was introduced, Jews' ration books were stamped with a large J and entitled the holder to less food than an ordinary ration book.
  15. If Jews were attacked in public places the police did nothing to protect them.
  16. Jews were forbidden to own businesses (with effect from January 1939)
________
  • In 1935 Jewish children weren't allowed to go to the same schools as other children.
  • Jewish people had to wear the star of david on their clothes so that others could identify them (1941 onwards).
  • Also they weren't allowed to go to the same places as other people, for example they couldn't go to some beaches or use the same benches in parks and later from the city centre of some cities, including Berlin.
  • In 1938 they were banned from going to theatres and cinemas, and from 1939 were banned from most restaurants and cafés. (There were a few cafés that were designated as Jewish).

The aim of these measures (up to the start of World War 2) was to make life so intolerable that the Jewish population left Germany.

The treatment of Jews with Czech or Polish citizenship in Germanywas even worse. In 1943 there was a final decree denying Jews access to the courts, stating that they had no rights and were to be dealt with as the police saw fit.

All these measures - certainly up to September 1939 - were publicly announced and reported in the media, both in Germany and abroad.

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Holocaust

Who is the youngest holocaust survivor?

freda w.

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World War 2
Holocaust
Nazi Concentration Camps

How many concentration camps were there?




6 camps existed

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World War 2
Holocaust
Germany in WW2

What groups did the Nazis persecute in World War 2?

Jews, gypsies (Romanies) - these were the only groups singled out for extermination. Many other groups, however, were treated very badly, in particular:

  • Soviet prisoners of war
  • Russians
  • Poles
  • Communists
  • Liberals
  • Other political dissidents
  • Jehovah's Witnesses
  • Disabled and incurable people
  • Homosexuals.

In addition, some of Germany's allies, especially Croatiaand Romania, committed genocide. Croatia tried to exterminate Serbs as well as Jews.

Individuals who sheltered Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, communists, anti-Nazis and people with physical or mental disabilites were persecuted. Some PoWs also found their way into concentration camps.

It could also be argued that almost all the citizens of nations conquered by the Nazis were persecuted to varying degrees, whether by direct mistreatment such as beatings, restrictions in movement, evictions from homes, long working hours and by effectively having their food supplies stolen. In some areas there were massacres of civilians in retaliation for Resistance/partisan activities, such as Czechoslovakia, France and in the Balkans.

The Nazis believed that only Germans could be citizens and that non-Germans did not have any right to the rights of citizenship.

The Nazis racial philosophy taught that some races were untermensch (sub-human). Many scientists at this time believed that people with disabilities or social problems were genetic degenerates whose genes needed to be eliminated from the human bloodline.

The Nazis, therefore:

  • Tried to eliminate the Jews.
  • Killed 85 per cent of Germany's Gypsies.
  • Sterilized black people.
  • Eliminate all Political Opponents to the Nazi Party.
  • Killed All POW's by Execution or Work.
  • Killed mentally disabled people.
  • Sterilized physically disabled peopleand people with hereditary diseases.
  • Sterilized deaf people.
  • Put homosexuals, prostitutes, Jehovah's Witnesses, alcoholics, pacifists, beggars, hooligans and criminals- who they regarded as anti-social - into concentration camps.
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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Nazi Party

What did the Nazis do to the Jews?

Simple answer: They systematically harassed the Jews, made it impossible for them to earn a living, sent them to ghettos, seized their possessions, enslaved them and killed them.

Every single Jewish Holocaust story is different, and it differs from every country. Here's a small list of what Nazis did to Jews:

Before the Mass-Murders
  • Jews were prohibited to walk into many stores, restaurants, etc.
  • Jews had to be identified with a Star of David. (Danish Jews, however, did not have to wear the Star) and had to have a J on their passports, etc.
  • Jews had to give up jewelry, food, etc.
  • Jews had reduced rations on their cards.
During the Mass-Murders
  • Polish Jews were forced in ghettos, then moved toy camps like Auschwitz.
  • Jews were forced in cattle-cars from anywhere to 2-7 days without food, water, etc.
  • Jews were beaten, starved, etc.
  • Jews were threatened
  • Some made unrealistic and grotesque experiments on Jewish people.
  • Jews were gassed and burned.


Timeline


1. In Germany Jews were persecuted with growing intensity from April 1933 onwards.

2. 1933: Most Jews were banned from working in the public sector, from higher education and from working in the media.

3. 1935: The Nuremberg Laws in effect deprived German Jews of citizenship.

4. 1938: Jews banned completely from the professions.

5. The Night of Broken Glass (9-10 November 1938) - Organized, large scale violence against Jews on 9-10 November (and longer in many parts of Germany). About 30,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps and 2,000 of these were dead within six weeks.

6. 1939: Jews forbidden to own businesses. Jews forced to live in designated apartment blocks marked with a huge J over all entrances. When World War 2 broke out in September, further restrictions were imposed on Jews. For example, they were not allowed to own pets or radios and had to stay at home from 9pm till 6am.

7. September 1939 onwards: Invasion of Poland and later other European countries greatly increased the number of Jews under German control. Ghettos (sealed off Jewish districts) established in Poland.

8. 1941: Following the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union (June), mobile killing units (SD-Einsatzgruppen) went into action behind German lines, slaughtering the Jews (from 25 June 1941 on). September - Jews forbidden to leave Germany and German controlled territory and ordered to wear a yellow Star of David. October - first deportations from Berlin and other German cities to 'the East'. In practice, this meant that they were taken to 'killing fields' in Latvia and Belarus. Some were dumped in ghettos in Poland.

9. 1941: 8 December - routine mass gassings start at Chelmno. Start of the 'Final Solution'.

10. 1942: Wannsee Conference (20 January) establishes full coordination between the various branches of the German state in carrying out the Holocaust.

11. 1942, March onwards: Further extermination camps come into operation: Auschwitz II (Birkenau), Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, with Majdanek as a kind of 'back-up' for use when killing facilities at the other camps had insufficient capacity! Holocaust lasts till 1945.

12. July 1944 on: First major camp, Majdanek, liberated by Allied forces.


Please also see the related questions.
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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Holocaust
Nutrition
Nazi Concentration Camps

How many people got rickets across the concentration camps?

Nearly all of them got rickets or berry berry or other vitamin and mineral deficiency diseases. They would also lose their teeth, hair, get brittle bones, lose their body mass and died from the starvation and dehydration.

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Holocaust
Math and Arithmetic

If a moving boxcar gently collides with a boxcar at rest and the two boxcars move together what will their combined momentum be?

Their combined momentum will be equal to the first boxcar's

original momentum before the collision.

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Holocaust
Human Rights

What human rights were denied in the Holocaust?

In a major holocaust, mass butchering takes place, irrespective of caste, creed or religion. All sorts of human rights are violated. Specially the basic and most fundamental 'Right to Live' is grossly denied. This is the most tragic part of any holocaust.

_________

'irrespective of caste, creed or religion'? No, certain groups are targeted. It isn't random spree-killing.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2

Who is Josef Mengele in Night?

he is the crazy doctor who examined Jews upon entrance to the camps to see if they should be killed in the gas chambers or sent to the concentration camp.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2

How many Germans were involved in the Holocaust?

Between about 1942 and the early 1945 the total number of personnel running the concentration and extermination camps was 55,000 at any given time. Of these, about 3,000 (?) were women. Many of those operating the extermination camps were not actually Germans, but Ukrainians, Lithuanians and others.

In addition, there were the mobile killing units (Einsatagruppen) and, contrary toa widespread myth, the regular German army on the Eastern Front and in Serbia was significantly involved in mass murder.

The population of Greater Germany in 1941 was over 71 million. Even if one allows for some changes in staff and the numbers in the mobile killing units the percentage of Germans directlyinvolved in the killings was extremely small.

_______

How many people were involved in the Holocaust? Where does personal responsibility for the Holocaust begin? Does operating a locomotive hauling Jews, homosexuals, and assorted other undesirables make you a party to the crime of mass murder? Were pastors and priests who issued the baptismal certificates (for parents and grandparents) to provide evidence that people were not of Jewish origin (those Ariernachweise) in some sense responsible, too?

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World War 2
Holocaust

What happened to the Jews in World War 2?

Germany attempted to exterminate them, killing about six million European Jews alive in the areas under Nazi control.

____Hitler tried to wipe out all the Jews in Europe in the "Final Solution", which involved the slaughter of the Jews. And the Nazis burned their body to ashes.

In areas under German control the Jews were massacred, mainly in mass open air shootings, and gassed in extermination camps. Others were worked to death in concentration camps.

Before the large-scale killings began in 1941, most Jews were forced to live in intolerable conditions in ghettos (for example, in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus).

Many Jews died in concentration camps by diseases or starvation. They were also placed in gas chambers. Children who were not able to work were the first ones to die.
the jews were treat like slaves. the jews were kill during the ww2
6 million Jews were purposely killed by the Nazi Germans by order of Adolf Hitler to comply with "The Final Solution." This mass killing of the Jews and the murder of 5 million other individuals came to be known as "The Holocaust."

Jews were rounded up by the Nazi Germans and their collaborators. They sent the Jews to places called Ghettos, Concentration Camps and Labor Camps. The systematic killing was cruel, brutal and inhumane. The genocide was conducted all over Europe. At the end of the war a mere several hundred thousand managed to survive the Holocaust. See the link below.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Adolf Hitler

Why did Hitler blame the Jews for Germany's problems?

Hitler believed in conspiracy theories that regarded the Jews as Communists and claimed that they had deliberately made Germany lose World War 1 by causing strikes, subversion and revolution on the home front. He also said that they had deliberately caused the Great Depression. Worst of all, some of these conspiracy theories claimed that the Jews were seeking world domination and were therefore in competition with Germany's bid to dominate the world.

The Jews were a traditional target for conspiracy theories and were not well placed to fight back. There were an easy target. Antisemitic attitudes had been rampant in Europe for centuries before WWII, and Germany was no exception.

Hitler was an extreme nationalist, meaning he thought his nation - Austria/Germany - was the best on the planet and by implication that all other nations were inferior. The opposite of being a Nazi/nationalist is to be a Communist.

Many, perhaps for a brief spell a fifth or so, of the original top Soviet Communist leadership was ethnically Jewish. (That soon changed under Stalin). All kinds of conspiracy theories flourished. (These conspiracy theories never mentioned the fact that in Russia the government itself was rabidly anti-Jewish from 1881-1917, so it was not at all surprising that quite a number of Jews joined the Bolsheviks). Hitler and many other Nazis felt a deep hatred for Jews. In fact, the major war effort in WWII by Germany was against Russia in an attempt to destroy Communism and the Jews, whom he believed supported and led them. He also believed that the Jews were the biological root of Communism.

Many, including Hitler, believed that Jews had played a major part in Germany's defeat in WWI. Jews were prominent in some sectors of the economy around the world such as banking/finance and some sections of the media.

If one looks closely at anti-Jewish claims and rhetoric, at the stereotypes, it becomes clear that the prejudices are fundamentally anti-modern. Not surprisingly, sections of society that felt squeezed by economic and social changes in the period from about 1910-33 - such as the landowning aristocracy, owners of small shops and workshops - contained some of the most rabidly anti-Jewish elements.

There was also a regional dimension to this. Hostility to Jews was strongest in Bavaria, where Jews had played a particularly prominent part in the revolutions of Novemeber 1918-May 1919. Hostility to Jews was particulary strong in the Danube region, especially in Bavaria, Austria, Hungary, Romania.

These various anti-Jewish forces and beliefs reached a quasi-religious zeal in parts of the Nazi movement and culminated in the Holocaust.

Please see the related question for fuller answers.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Judaism
Nazi Party

How were jews dehumanized in Nazi germany?

They were naked, unfed, unclean, and treated like dirt! How can these nazis be so heartless?

181182183
Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Nazi Concentration Camps

What was the biggest concentration camp in the Holocaust?

The largest Nazi concentration camp was Auschwitz, which was also an extermination camp. The Auschwitz group of camps consisted of three camps on the main site and a further 45 smaller sub-camps. More then one million Jews were killed there. The main camp is about 37 miles west of Krakow in Poland.

The minimum serious estimate of the number of victims who perished there is 1.1 million, of whom at least 85% were Jews.
Auschwitz. So large that it was divided into 3 sub-camps.

159160161
Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Ticks and Mites
Anti-Semitism

What was nazi anti semitism in the 1930s?

it was a supposedly rationalised prejudice.

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