Kiwis (birds)

Solitary and nocturnal birds, Kiwis are three species of small, forest-dwelling, flightless birds found in New Zealand. They are New Zealand's national symbol and are protected by law from being hunted. After a period of decline, these birds are now relatively abundant in some areas. Learn more about Kiwis in this category.

1,879 Questions
Kiwis (birds)
Grocery Shopping
Kiwifruit

Does Safeway sell Kiwi?

Yes Safeway has Kiwis

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Animal Life
Kiwis (birds)

Do kiwi birds reproduce sexually or asexually?

Kiwi birds reproduce sexually.

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Kiwis (birds)
Cartoons

What are some good names for a cartoon kiwi?

kiana, kiria, kamaney, kyle, kam,

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Kiwis (birds)

How do kiwis make burrows?

Kiwis use their claws to dig a burrow. They have strong legs and claws to loosen the soil and push it out to create the entrance. It is usually the male that digs the burrow. The burrow is then lined with grass, leaves and moss.

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Birds
Kiwis (birds)

What group does the bird kiwi belong to?

Kiwi belong to the group of birds known as ratites. Other ratites include the Southern cassowary of Australia and New Guinea, the emu from Australia, the ostrich from Africa and the rhea from South America.

Ratites have wings but the bones in their chests do not have the capacity for flight muscles, which is what a bird needs to fly.

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Kiwis (birds)

What do kiwi eat?

Kiwi primarily eat earthworms, fruit, seeds, fungi, insect larvae and other invertebrates. They have been known to eat eels, freshwater crayfish, small lizards and even frogs. The kiwi is unique in having its nostrils located at the tip of the beak, and it has a very highly developed sense of smell, being able to smell out food beneath the surface of the ground. Kiwi will dig their beaks into the ground to a depth that extends the entire length of the bill in order to find earthworms and other invertebrates.

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
History and Origins of Foods
Kiwis (birds)

Where do kiwis come from?

The small, flightless bird known as the kiwi is native to New Zealand. There are seven species of this bird, according to the 'Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand' by the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, published 2010:

  • Great Spotted (A. haastii)
  • Little spotted (A. owenii)
  • North Island Brown (A. mantelli),
  • Okarito Brown (A. rowi)
  • South Island Brown (A. australis australis)
  • Southern brown (A. australis)
  • Stewart Island brown (A. australis lawryi)

As for the kiwi fruit, Actinidia deliciosa, known in some parts of the world as simply 'kiwi', it originated in China, but was improved in New Zealand, and was initially sold as Chinese Gooseberry. It is primarily grown in China, New Zealand, and Italy.

The word Kiwi is also considered a self-reference by the non-indigenous residents of the island nation, but it is offensive to the indigenous people, the Maori.

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Kiwis (birds)

Do Kiwis have poor eyesight?

Yes. Kiwi have quite poor eyesight, but they are compensated for this by their excellent sense of smell.

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
New Zealand
Kiwis (birds)

Why are kiwis endangered?

Not all species of kiwi are endangered, but they are all certainly under threat. The biggest threat to the kiwi comes from dogs, feral cats and other imported pets including the stoat, of all things, as well as ferrets. New Zealand has no native predators. Being a small, flightless bird, the kiwi's defenses are extremely limited. Many kiwis are also killed every year by unregistered Pig-Hunting dogs (registration requires Kiwi Aversion training) and being killed while crossing roads/highways.

Loss of habitat due to deforestation and destruction of large tracts of native bush is also endangering the kiwi. Not only does this threaten its food sources, but deforestation means the kiwi has fewer places to hide from its many predators. Prior to Europeans coming to New Zealand, the kiwi enjoyed a healthy population.

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Kiwis (birds)

How long did kiwi birds exist?

Kiwi still exist. There are five recognised species of this small, flightless bird endemic to New Zealand.

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Kiwis (birds)

What is the kiwi's life span?

Sources vary on this.

The New Zealand Government's Department of Conservation website states that the kiwi's life span averages 50 years, while it is believed the Rowi, of the South Island, might even live up to 100 years.

Te Ara, the New Zealand Encyclopedia, states that the kiwi's average life span is between 10 and 30 years.

See the related links for the sources.

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Birds
Ostriches
Kiwis (birds)

Which Bird lays the largest eggs?

Ostrich The egg is about 8 in tall and weighs 3 lb

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Kiwis (birds)

How does a kiwi get oxygen?

Kiwi, like all birds, breathe using lungs, nostrils and a full respiratory system.

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Kiwis (birds)

Why do kiwis live in an underground burrow?

Kiwi do not live in an underground burrow, but they do dig burrows for nesting. This is largely for protection. They are flightless birds, and cannot build nests in trees. Digging burrows offers the best protection for their eggs.

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Kiwis (birds)

How many kiwi birds are left in the wild?

It is not known, as no new surveys have been done for several years. Figures vary, but the count of kiwi in New Zealand, as of 2008, was believed to be 72,600.

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Kiwis (birds)

What type of plants do kiwis eat?

Although kiwi are classed as omnivores, they do not eat flowers and leaves, but only eat the fruits and seeds of native plants. Kiwi primarily eat earthworms, fruit, seeds, fungi, insect larvae and other invertebrates.

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Pool Care and Cleaning
Water Fountains and Ponds
Insects
Kiwis (birds)

What are the Swarm of flying brown insects that came in with rain landed in pool and detached wings leaving golden brown larvae or worm like bugs floating on surface of pool along with wings?

either Termites or may flies,

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Kiwis (birds)
Questions en Francais

Sur quoi poussent les kiwis?

le kiwi pousse sur une liane appelée "actinidia" ou familièrement "kiwi" comme son fruit.

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Kiwis (birds)

Is a kiwi bird an omnivore?

Yes. Kiwi primarily eat earthworms, fruit, seeds, fungi, insect larvae and other invertebrates. They have been known to eat eels, freshwater crayfish, small lizards and even frogs.

899091
History, Politics & Society
Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Chipmunks and Squirrels
Kiwis (birds)

When did kiwis start becoming extinct?

An animal does not "start" to become extinct. It is either extinct or not extinct.

Kiwi started to move closer to endangerment following European settlement in New Zealand during the 1830s and 1840s, and the introduction of domesticated cats and dogs, as well as when other animals such as ferrets and stoats began to be brought to the country as pets.

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Kiwis (birds)

Why are kiwis birds classified as at risk?

The main reason why kiwi are at risk is that they are under considerable threat from dogs, feral cats and other imported pets including the stoat. New Zealand has no native predators. Being a small, flightless bird, the kiwi's defenses are extremely limited. Many kiwis are also killed every year by unregistered Pig-Hunting dogs (registration requires Kiwi Aversion training) and being killed while crossing roads/highways.

Loss of habitat due to deforestation and destruction of large tracts of native bush is also endangering the kiwi. Not only does this threaten its food sources, but deforestation means the kiwi has fewer places to hide from its many predators. Prior to Europeans coming to New Zealand, the kiwi enjoyed a healthy population.

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Kiwis (birds)
Flamingos
Ladybugs

How often do kiwis lay eggs?

Kiwi birds usually lay only one egg per season & although the kiwi is roughly the size of a chicken, it lays eggs that are about six times the size of a chicken's egg. Further as Kiwis are not constrained by needing to be able to fly some Brown Kiwi females can carry and lay a single 450 g (16 oz) egg. Once a year, a kiwi lays one large egg that makes up about 15-20% of its body weight, then, 24 days later, lays another egg. The second egg is beginning to develop as soon as the first is laid. On rare occasions, a kiwi may lay a third egg. The kiwi can lay only one egg at a time, as the egg is huge.

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
New Zealand
Kiwis (birds)

How did the kiwi bird become endangered?

Not all kiwi are endangered, but the species that are endangered are because of habitat loss and imported animals. As is often the case, the introduced species have thrived, creating a threat to the native species which have less highly developed protective and defensive adaptations, having enjoyed a secure environment for thousands of years.

The kiwis' homeland, native forests and scrubs in New Zealand, are disappearing at an alarming rate due to clearing of forests for farming and agriculture, forest fires and introduction of imported animals. Due to the inability to fly, this makes kiwis vulnerable to their predators, which are usually land animals.

Not only is the loss of habitat a threat to the kiwis' food sources, but results in this small and defenceless bird having fewer places to hide from its many predators. Imported animals such as possums, livestock and deer eat trees, plant and seedlings, contributing to the clearing of forests, making it easier for mammalian and avian predators to access the habitat to prey on them.

The biggest threat to the kiwi comes from dogs and cats and other imported pets including the stoat, of all things. Being a small, flightless bird, the kiwi's defenses are extremely limited. Loss of habitat is also endangering the kiwi, not only as a threat to its food sources, but as the kiwi has fewer places to hide from its many predators. Prior to Europeans coming to New Zealand, the kiwi enjoyed a healthy population.

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Kiwis (birds)

What are facts about the brown kiwi?

There are several subspecies of Brown kiwi.

According to the 'Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand' by the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, published 2010, they are:

  • North Island Brown (A. mantelli),
  • Okarito Brown (A. rowi)
  • South Island Brown (A. australis australis)
  • Southern brown (A. australis)
  • Stewart Island brown (A. australis lawryi)

The Brown kiwi is found only on the North Island of New Zealand. It is found mainly along the east coast from Hawke's Bay to the Bay of Plenty. It is also found along the west coast, through King Country, Taranaki and Wanganui. There are some brown kiwi in the Coromandel Peninsula.

Not all species of kiwi are endangered: the Brown kiwi is one of two species that is officially classed as endangered. The biggest threat to the brown kiwi comes from dogs, feral cats and other imported pets including the stoat.

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Birdwatching
Kiwis (birds)
Grouse and Quail

What is unique about a whippoorwill's beak?

It is very short. Whippoorwills are aerial hunters, catching their insect prey in flight in their wide mouths. They do not need bills to hunt or feed, and have evolved with their beaks much wider then they are long. They do not have a bony palate, which may help them be more sensitive to when they have caught prey. They also have rictal bristles, sort of like forward-facing whiskers, whose function is unclear but may help them funnel food into their mouth and/or protect their eyes.

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