Margaret Thatcher was the Prime Minister of the UK from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She is the only woman to have held either post.
Who replaced thatcher as prime minister?
John Major of the Conservative Party succeeded Margaret Thatcher as Britain's prime minister on November 28, 1990. He served until May 2, 1997, after his defeat by Tony Blair of the Labour Party.
How many years did Margaret Thatcher ruled as Prime Minister?
Just over eleven, from 1979-1990.
When did Margaret Thatcher die?
Margaret Thatcher died on April 8, 2013 at the age of 87.
On the 8th of April 2013.
Why was Margaret Thatcher important to history?
Margaret Thatcher was the first female prime minister of Great Britain. She was also a great influence to British politics, serving longer as Prime Minister than any other in the 20th Century. Her impact on Britain was sweeping and lasting, leaving a market economy and a more right-wing Conservative party.
Here is a list of reasons why Thatcher was important. Try to understand that Britain was pretty much on the brink on self-destruction in the mid-late 70s. Britain was known as the sick man of Europe due to the strength of union activity that led to a great deal of strikes. The country was pretty much controlled by an aggresive form of old-style Socialism.
FIRST ELECTION WIN : 1979 - 1983
- Europe: She won Britain a Â£700 million rebait from the European Union (other European leaders did not like her confrontational, diplomatic style). Her mistrust of Europe led to her downfall.
- Economics: The core of Thatcherism, she introduced a new economic system call monetarism. This was the economic theory that the control on the supply of money would stabilise the economy. Instead of spending money to stimulate the economy (think Labour), she made huge Government cuts and doubled VAT. The effects were very painful. Even higher unemployment and a recession. However, she knew it had to be done to save Britain's economy and that it would take time. She was right.
- Falklands: She won the Falklands War in 1982. She saved British territory from an illegal invasion and from a military dictatorship. Patriotic frenzy swept Britain and she was re elected in 1983. Her tough nature and victory in the Falklands cemented her nickname by the Soviets as the 'Iron Lady'. The Falklands saved her career, and most importantly the world was reminded that Britain was still powerful as sea and in military action (the American Government said of British success in the Falklands an 'impossibility'). The Conservatives won a majority and were very powerful. At the same time the economy was beginning to grow and the Labour party was divided.
SECOND ELECTION WIN: 1983 - 1987
- Trade Unions: They were very powerful in the 70s and 80s. They had enough strength to bring down Governments (look up Edward Heath). Thatcher was ready to confront them. The Miner's Strike was the turning point. She refused to give in and saw the miner's as the 'enemy within' (she had reason, it turned out Arthur Scargill the leader of the strike had links with the Russians, IRA and Lybia). The union leaders abused their power and eventually many miners went back to work and the movement lost support. The Miner's Strike last more than a year. She changed the laws of the unions. Strikes are a rarity nowadays in the UK, however, there are some expected in 2011.
- Privatisation and popular capitalism: Thatcher closed off state owned industries and that were, at the time, uneconomical. After the Miner's Strike many mining pits were closed anyway, this was devastating for some mining communities. More importantly, Thatcherism had started divide Britain because of this. At the same time she privatised many of the state owned industries, for example BT. In the process ordinary citizens became shareholders once these industries had been sold off, this became known as 'Popular Capitalism'. Quality of services improved dramatically because of privatisation due a competitive FREE MARKET, this was good for the economy. London became the biggest financial centre in the world along side New York. When the banks were deregulated, there was a economic boom, this was known as the 'Big Bang'. Britain was never the same again.
THIRD ELECTION WIN: 1987-1990 (RESIGNED)
- Cold War: Reagan and Gorbachev both credited Thatcher with laying the foundations for bringing an end to the Cold War which led to the downfall of a Communist Soviet Union. Thatcher had formed a rapport with Gorbachev, they respected each other and became friends. This eased tensions between the US and USSR, as Britain had a special relationship with the US. Thatcher and President Regan got along famously. Her diplomacy with the USSR and US helped boost her popularity in Britain, especially her state visit to Russia in 1987.
- Poll tax: Probably the most hated tax of all time. Introduced by Thatcher effectively a community charged resulted in many people being taxed unfairly and above all way too much. Protests followed by riots ensued. This was the first critical blow which led to her resignation. It's important to realise Thatcher had spent many years in power, she relied on her confrontational style which had kept her in power, however, people in her own party wanted rid of her owing to her single mindedness.
- Europe: Back to where we started. Many Conservatives believed closer EU integration was a good thing. Thatcher was firmly opposed to the Exchanged Rate Mechanism which many wanted the UK to join. She believed that it would restrict Britain's economy. She had a deep mistrust of Europe and believed the ERM would lead to disruption and greater powers in Brussels (sounds familiar...). This led to the resignation of Geoffrey Howe, her former Chancellor and top minister. His resignation is important because he read it out in the House of Commons, but also it immediately led to a leadership challenge. Her party had lost confidence in her. She resigned in 1990.
She is important because during the 80s her policies not only changed Britain and the world (privatisation for example), but she forced all other political parties in Britain to adapt to her legacy. No one dares to think to nationalise industries, it's accepted that Government owned industries are thing of the past. She's important because she believed in capitalism, hated communism. And she pretty much stopped socialism in Britain, and now the socialist (Labour) have had to change themselves and accept her policies (New Labour) and they hate her for it. In Britain we live on her political landscape. Monetarism is accepted throughout the world thanks to the Thatcher Government. We've maintained a strong defence because of the Falklands War. Britain became very, very rich too. After 18 years of the Conservatives in power, when Labour won the 1997 election, the British economy was golden. However, the thorn in the side of Thatcherism was unemployment. It remained around the 3 million mark throughout her Premiership. This was a result of Public Sector losses. With a reliance on the financial sector, traditional industries were not needed so those who worked in the industry remained out of work.
When did Dennis thatcher die husband of Margaret?
He died on the 26th of June 2003.
How many grandchildren did Margaret Thatcher United Kingdom have and what are all of their names?
Margaret Thatcher has 2 grandchildren. Her son Mark has a son and daughter called Michael and Amanda
Did Margaret thatcher live in dulwich?
Margaret Thatcher and her husband Denis lived in Dulwich for a short time, immediately after leaving Downing Street, until they bought their home in London's Chester Square.
Who is Margaret Thatcher?
Margaret Thatcher was the first female prime minister of England, she was also a great influence to British politics. "Her impact on Britain was sweeping and lasting, leaving a market economy and a more right-wing Conservative party." (Travel and History)
Who was prime minister before thatcher?
Labour politician, James Callaghan.
Where does Margaret Thatcher live?
Her primary residence is in Eaton Square in London.
What was Thatcher constituency?
Margaret Thatcher became the Conservative Member of Parliament for the constituency of Finchley (in North London) at the 1959 General Election, after a long search for a constituency with a local Conservative Association that would select her as its candidate.
She had previously stood as the Conservative candidate for Dartford in the 1951 General Election, losing to Labour.
She won the constituency of Finchley at the 1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, February 1974, October 1974, 1979, 1983 and 1987 General Elections. She stood down in 1992.
Following boundary changes, the bulk of her former constituency of Finchley was incorperated into a new constituency called Finchley and Golders Green. It was won by Labour's Rudi Vis at the 1997, 2001 and 2005 General Elections.
Is Margeret Thatcher still alive?
No, Margaret Thatcher died on April 8, 2013 at the age of 87.
What is the date of death for Margaret Thatcher?
The 8th of April 2013.
Is Margaret Thatcher still living?
No, Margaret Thatcher died April 8, 2013 at the age of 87.
Who was prime minister after Margaret thatcher?
John Major was the prime minister after Margaret Thatcher.
Margaret Thatcher's Thatcherism limited social welfare and broke the power of the unions?
How did Margaret thatcher's husband die?
When did Margaret thatcher husband die?
26th. June 2003
What was Margaret Thatcher's relationship with Ronald Reagan?
By all accounts from historians, the two genuinely admired and respected each other and had a solid friendship. She was given a special invitation for the the dedication of the Reagan Library.
Has Margaret Thatcher died?
Yes, Margaret Thatcher has died. Thatcher died on April 8, 2013 at the age of 87 after suffering a stroke.
See the related link below for more information.
Who will die first- Prince Philip or Margaret thatcher?
Prince Phillip (10th June 1921- ) age 91
Margaret Thatcher (13th October 1925- 8th April 2013) age 87
Margaret Thatcher died first out of her and Prince Philip
What's Margaret Thatcher's husband's name?
He was Denis Thatcher (10 May 1915 - 26 June 2003)
What did Margaret thatcher do after she was a prime minister?
she stayed as member of parliament for finchley until 1992.
What did Margaret Thatcher do?
She was an MP in the UK Parliment. She became a Secretary of State for Education under Edward Heaths government in the 1970's. She then went on to defeat Edward Heath as the leader for the Conservative Party in the UK in the mid to late 1970's. After becoming leader of her party, she then won the British General Election in 1979 and won that election by a landslide and became the first ever woman Prime Minister until ousted by her own party members some 11 years later. She won 3 British General Elections and was also Britains longest serving Prime Minister.
Margaret Thatcher was the first female prime minister of England, she was also a great influence to British politics. Her impact on Britain was sweeping and lasting, leaving a market economy and a more right-wing Conservative party.
What happened to Margaret Thatchers children?
Carol and Mark are both alive and well.