Mitochondria are eukariyotic cell organells.It is the site of aerobic respiration which generates energy stored in ATP's.They are also known as the power houses of the cell.

2,823 Questions

What is the function of mitochondria?

Mitochondria provide energy for the cell. They are known as the powerhouse of the cell because they provide the location for the production of ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate). ATP is produced by aerobic respiration such as glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport. ATP in turn provides energy for the cell at the molecular level. They convert energy from food molecules into energy the cell can use.


What function does a mitochondrion have in a cell?

Mitochondrion are cellular organelles responsible for cellular respiration. They are considered the power houses of cells (both plant and animal). They convert sugars (glucose) into energy (ATP) used by cells to live, grow, reproduce, etc.

Mitochondria are roughly the size of bacteria and it is now believed that they originated through the endocytosis of bacteria and evolved as a symbiont within cells.

There are 3 stages in cellular respiration: Glycolysis, the Kreb's Cycle, and the electron transport chain.

Glycolysis in the cytoplasm of the cell outside the mitochondria converts 6-carbon sugar (glucose) into 3-carbon molecules (pyruvate) and 2 ATP molecules (net).mitochondrias are like the lungs of cells... so it's function is celular breathing

also they produce ATP which is energy


Why is mitochondria special?

A mitochondria is special because of it's ability to produce a lot of energy, in the form of ATP. The process that creates all of this energy is called glucose metabolism and happens in 2 main stages:

1) Glycolysis

2) Electron Transport Chain

Glycolysis creates roughly 2 molecules of ATP, whereas the Electron Transport Chain creates roughly 36 molecules of ATP. This means that around 38 molecules of ATP are produced from one molecule of glucose. Pretty good really.


What does the mitochondria do for the cell?

The mictochondria (s. michochondrion) provides the cell with energy by oxidizing biological fuels such as lipids, proteins, and glucose into ATP. The store of ATP will be used to power cellular work.


Is mitochondria only in eukaryotic cells?

Yes. Your question should read 'Are mitochondria only found in .........'!


What is mitochondria?

Mitochondria are organelles, the small objects in the cell that carry out the necessary functions of life. Mitochondria themselves carry out cellular respiration and create energy (ATP) for eukaryotic cells - for this reason they are sometimes called the "powerhouse" of the cell. Mitochondria are found in all eukaryotic cells to turn any kind of food into energy, whether that organism created it or not.
A mitochondria is an organelle in a cell which converts pyruvate to ATP. pyruvate comes from the breakdown of glucose and ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate. The cell uses ATP to power cell functions.


What do mitochondria do?

Mitochondriaare the organelles that convert chemical energy, stored in food, into a compound that can be used by the cell. The mitochondria break down food and turn it into energy for the cell to use. Inside the mitochondria energy is stored and food is converted for use in a cell. The number of mitochondria in the cell can depend on the purpose of the cell.

They are the "power plants" of cells. They produce energy.

In multicellular organisms the mitochondria play an important role in apoptosis (death).

They break down sugars to make energy.

By analogy they would be the furnace compartment (where the fire burns) of a steam train.


The mitochondria are the source of the cell's ATP; the energy currency of the cell. Food eaten is oxidized and through final process of oxidative phosphorylation ATP is synthesized and the cell can do its work.

Mitochondria improve the efficiency of turning food into energy (without them only fermentation or alternative chemical reactions are possible). Since the mitochondria generate energy for the cell, they are also called, the batteries of the cell, powering all cellular activities.


Mitochondria function?

they break down sugar molecules into ATP (energy) for both plant and animal cells


Which structures break down food and release energy?

Mitochondria break down food and release energy.


What is the internal compartment of the mitochondria called?



What best describe mitochondria in real life?

you can describe the mitochondria as the "powerhouse" of the cell. It makes the cells' food. Also, it helps the cell breathe.


Why is the mitochondria called power plant?

It's the power of the cell and it gives the cell the energy it needs to carry out its functions.


Where is the mitochondria located?

As it is a main site of respiration and energy of the cell, it is located in the cytoplasm (of the cell).

They are located in Cells, the building blocks of life.


How many mitochondria does a muscle cell have?

The number can be in the thousands.


What are facts about mitochondria?

Richard Altmann was the first to discover the mitochondria. Though there are many who help discover it. It was discovered in 1898.

The inner section is called matrix. Cells that require a lot of energy to perform their function will have high numbers of Mitochondria. Mitochondria are found in plant and animals cells. They have their own small chromosome to make their own protein.

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Is an organelle which includes cristae & matrix. Has ribosomes embedded in it which are used in the process if resperation.
They got their own DNA.They have 70s like bacteria

What are the ribbonlike folds on the inner lining of the mitochondrial membrane called?

The ribbon-like folds on the inner lining of the mitochondrial membrane are called cristae.


How is mitochondria related to ATP energy?

Mitochondria are the organelles that make ATP for the cell to perform all of its functions.


What is the function of a mitochondria?

It releases energy from glucose molecules.It carry out cellular respiration for energy production.Called as the powerhouse of the cell


What is a substance that is often associated with the mitochondria?

There are many substances. But as a raw material glucose is distinct


What does a mitochondria do in a cell?

A mitochondria gives the energy the cell needs.

Cell Biology (cytology)

Why the mitochondria have a DNA ribosomes and enzymes?

They have evolved from bacteria. So they have some bacterial features.


How many ATP molecules are formed during cellullar respiration?

Net production is 38. 2 is utilized in glycolysis


Do protista have a mitochondria?

They are also eukariyotes. So they have mitochondria


What is the process of breaking down food to produce ATP?

Process is known as the respiration. It takes place in mitochondria


Why are the folds necessary inside mitochondria?

For efficient functioning of it. Folding increases surface area

They are called Cristae. Electron transport chain takes place on it


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