Mount Erebus

Mount Erebus is an active volcano on Ross Island in Antarctica. It was discovered in 1941 and has a elevation of 12,448 feet.

132 Questions
Antarctica
Mount Erebus

What is the latitude and longitude of mount Erebus Antarctica?

77.53 degrees south and 7.17 degrees east

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Indonesia
Mount Erebus

How many times has Mount Erebus had an eruption?

Mount Erebus has been observed by scientists to be continuously active since 1972.

Early explorers observed it being continuously active between 1899 and 1922, the age of heroic polar exploration.

You can read more about its persistent eruption patterns, below.
Yes.

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Mount Erebus

When is mount erebus predicted to erupt next?

Mt Erebus erupts pretty much constantly.

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Mount Erebus

When was the last time Mount Erebus volcano erupted?

it is always spluttering out hot gas and lava

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What plate tectonic is mount erebus found on?

The Antarctic Plate.

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Mount Erebus

What happened in the mt erebus plan crash?

This disaster took place in 1979 when a tourist flight crashed into the side of this active volcano on the Antarctic continent. All 270 souls aboard were lost.

Because of the remote location of the crash, search and recovery became journeys unto themselves.

You can read more about Air New Zealand Flight 901, below.

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Mount Erebus

Cause of Mount Erebus Plane Crash?

Mix up of coordinates in the flight computer combined with a special antarctic whiteout condition, flying lower than leagally allowed, and flight crew not correctly trained for antarctic flight. As is the case with most aircraft accidents its not just one factor but a series of things that caused it. When the ground proximity warning went off the pilots could have climbed fast enough to avoid the crash but due to the whiteout condition the pilots had no idea they were headed at a mountain, and thinking they were flying over open water due to the coordinate error, did as they were trained and started a slow 15 degree climb which wasnt fast enough to miss the mountain. The rules for how low a passenger jet can fly allows for no less than 6000 feet for a number of safety reasons such as stall recovery and accidently straying into mountains. This flight was flying under 1500 feet for sightseeing purposes (they had special permission to fly at 4500 so they were flying illegally low). There is a good reason for flight rules! You can check wikipedia.com for a full narative of the accident that is accurate: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_New_Zealand_Flight_901

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Mount Erebus

Where is Mount Erebus?

* 77°32'S, 167°10'E, Ross island, Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica.

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Volcanoes
Mount Erebus

Is mount erebus a composite volcano?

Yes. It is a composite volcano, also known as a stratovolcano.

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Mount Erebus

What type of volcano is Mount Erebus?

Mount Erebus is classified as a polygenetic stratovolcano

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Mount Erebus

What wildlife is at mount erebus?

none it is too cold

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Mount Erebus

Is mount erebus in the eastern or western hemisphere?

Yes, it is in Southern and Eastern Hemispheres.

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Mount Erebus

Why is mount erebus a world wilderness site?

Antarctica is governed by The Antarctic Treaty, its official status. The World Wilderness Site proposals are not official.

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Mount Erebus

Why did the Mount Erebus disaster happen?

The cause of the crash of Air New Zealand Flight 901 ("the Mount Erebus disaster") is not fully agreed on. The most widely accepted cause is this:

When Air New Zealand flights to Antarctica started in 1977, a flight path was set up for the DC-10 aircraft. The original plan had the path going over Mount Erebus from Cape Hallett to McMurdo Station, but this was just a guideline - pilots still had control over the plane and flew it to the west down McMurdo Sound.

In 1978 when Air New Zealand fed all its coordinates into a new ground computer, a typing error was made in the location of McMurdo Station, resulting in the route moving west and making the plane go down McMurdo Sound by default.

Air New Zealand realised its mistake in mid-November 1979, and early on the morning of 28 November 1979 (the day of the crash) fixed the route to go to McMurdo Station over Mount Erebus. However, the pilots of Flight 901 were trained on the old route down McMurdo Sound and were not told of the changes. The pilots thought they were going down McMurdo Sound - the DC-10's corrected coordinates took them straight towards Mount Erebus.

Of course it would of been obvious they were heading towards a mountain - but due to unique Antarctic conditions, a sector whiteout occurred which blended the mountain into the sky, making it indistinguishable to the untrained eye. Both the pilots and McMurdo station thought the plane was going down McMurdo Sound and McMurdo allowed the plane down to 1500ft to allow the passengers a better view. Mount Erebus was just under 13,000ft high - so naturally the plane was going to crash into it.

At 12:49pm local time, the Ground Proximity Warning System sounded that they were getting to close to terrain. Captain Jim Collins, not knowing that he was heading towards the mountain, immediately requested go-around power to climb up, but it was too late. Six seconds after the GPWS sounded, the DC-10 crashed into the slopes of Mount Erebus, instantly killing all 257 people on board.

You can read more, below.

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Mount Erebus

What potential hazards does mount erebus have?

As on any mountain, the terrain is dangerous, the mountain is remote enough that rescue should you require it is not feasible, there are months when there are no sunrises on this part of Antarctica.

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Mount Erebus

What is the longitude and latitude of Mount Erebus?

Mount Erebus the most active volcano in Antarctica is located at 77.53 degrees south and 167. 17 degrees east.

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Mount Erebus

When did Mount Erebus last erupt?

New Answer Updated Jan 3, 2011:

1972-2010, 1963, 1957?-58, 1955, 1947, 1915, 1912.

Sourced from volcanolive.com/erebus.html

Truly, Mt Erebus has been erupting constantly -- with an orange glow in the winter sky -- since people have been visiting that part of Antarctica: 1899. The dates above are simply observationdates, not eruption dates.

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Mount Erebus

How long did Mount Erebus erupt?

Mt Erebus erupts fairly constantly but not violently, as can be seen by its red glow in the winter sky during the four months of no sunrises in the area.

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Mount Erebus

What year did a disastrous plane crash happen on Mt Erebus?

The year was 1979.

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Mount Erebus

How tall is Mount Erebus in feet?

Mount Erebus is 12,448 feet

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Mount Erebus

How many people in the mount erebus plane crash?

The manifest listed 270 souls aboard.

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Mount Erebus

What did it look like before a plane crashed into mount erebus?

Mt Erebus is covered with glaciers, and with little pollution there, appeared to be pristine white enough to blend into the local, low-altitude weather -- a white-out.

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Mount Erebus

What time did the mt erebus plane crash happen?

Air New Zealand flight TE901 flew into the lower slopes of Mount Erebus in Antarctica at 12.49 pm (NZST).

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Mount Erebus

Does Mount Erebus have a summit?

The elevation summit is 3,794 metres (12,448 ft).

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Mount Erebus

When did Mt Erebus first erupt?

Since the volcano was first documented at the turn of the last century, it could have happened at any time before that.

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