MS-DOS

MS-DOS is a 16-bit operating system for IBM PC-compatibles. It was developed and sold by Microsoft in the early 90s. Although no longer in common use, it is still used to load some diagnostic and repair utilities even on modern computers.

2,253 Questions
Unix
MS-DOS
The Difference Between

What is the difference between Unix and DOS?

Unix usually refers to a family of operating systems that are similar in function or descendants of the original Unix operating system developed at AT&T Bell Laboratories. This includes a large portion of modern operating systems, including:

  • All Linux distributions (Red Hat, SuSE, Fedora, Debian, etc.)
  • BSDs (FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, DragonflyBSD, Mac OS X)
  • Solaris
  • HP-UX
  • AIX

Unix-like systems are multi-user and multiprocessing operating systems; that is, more than one user can be using the machine at one time, and each user can run multiple processes, or programs. The most common way to interact with a Unix-like system is a text command shell, but many users choose to use graphical desktop environments as well.

On the contrary, DOS refers to a family of single-user operating systems first developed for IBM-compatible PCs. Generally, DOS is also single-tasking, meaning that the operating system can only run one program at a time. DOS is not a very modern operating system; a program bug can easily crash the entire computer whereas on modern operating systems (Windows, Mac, Linux, Unix, etc.), program bugs are "caught" by the operating system.

Unix has traditionally been used primarily in server environments, but is also gaining ground as a desktop operating system. Most open source Unix-like operating systems have advanced considerably in terms of user-friendliness. Despite this, Unix's simplicity also means that users are expected to know more, and are generally still more difficult to use than Windows or Mac.

DOS has been mostly replaced by Windows and Mac as PCs. DOS installations still remain today to run older DOS applications, including games to military accounting software.

1.07k
Microsoft Windows
Windows XP
MS-DOS

If you get a 'The system file is not suitable for running MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows applications' error what should you do?

== == == == The easiest way to explain solution is: Open the C:\windows\repair folder Highlight and copy autoexec.nt and config.nt (Ctrl+C) Open the C:\windows\system32 folder Paste (Ctrl+V) files and click Yes if box prompts to replace existing file If it does it again, it is because it gets deleted on Restart You just do it again or mark the files for Read-Only I just paste and copy and worry about tomorrow tomorrow If you try to start or install an MS-DOS-based or a 16-bit Windows-based program on your Windows XP-based computer, you may receive an error message that is similar to one of the following:

KB324767 - 16-bit MS-DOS Subsystem

path to the program that you are trying to start or install

C:\Windows\System32\Autoexec.nt The system file is not suitable for running MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows applications. Choose 'Close' to terminate the application. Although you may be prompted to quit the program or ignore the error message, either selection makes the program quit.

This issue may occur if one or more of the following files are missing or damaged: * Config.nt * Autoexec.nt* Command.com

728729730
Acronyms & Abbreviations
MS-DOS

Dos full form?

DOS = Disk Operating System

333334335
MS-DOS

How do you change font size in DOS command?

You mean MS DOS PROPMT ? that is very simple.. first you hav to property menu of DOS Prompt from taskbar..(thats right mouse click) then select edit option.. there you can find all options for fonds.. including their sizes color etc.. dont forget to save it as defaults..

303304305
Microsoft Windows
MS-DOS
The Difference Between

What are the differences between MS-DOS and Windows?

  1. DOS uses CLI (command line interface), whereas Windows used GUI (graphical user interface)..
  2. DOS does not support networking, Windows does..
  3. DOS is a single user OS, Windows is Multiuser..
  4. DOS is a single tasking OS, Windows is Multitasking..
  5. Dos is a single threading OS, Windows is a Multithreading..
  6. DOS supports 2 GB of maximum partition size, Windows supports 2 TB or more..
  7. DOS uses FAT 16 file system, Windows uses FAT 32..
  8. Server administration is not possible in DOS..
AnswerDOS is the system that runs your PC. Windows was created as a GUI (graphical user interface) making the running of your computer much easier and safer AnswerUltimately, the difference between these types of programs is who has control over the computer. DOS programs generally expect themselves to be the only program running on your computer, so they will directly manipulate the hardware, such as writing to the disk or displaying graphics on the screen. They may also be dependent on timing, since the computer won't be doing anything else to slow them down. Many games fall into this category.

Windows programs, on the other hand, realize that they must share your computer with other Windows programs. Actually, did you know that Windows 3.x itself is a DOS program? What this means is that Windows has control of the computer's hardware, and in turn it shares parts of the computer's resources with Windows programs. The obvious advantage to this arrangement is that you can do several things at once; for example, you could play Beethoven's 5th, start downloading a file from a BBS, then look at your checking account and use a Calculator to check the balance all at the same time. Another advantage is that you can share data between programs; for example, copying a spreadsheet summary into a work processor document.

The important thing here is that many DOS programs will run poorly or not at all in Windows. For example, if you try to run Microsoft System Diagnostics (MSD) while you are in Windows, you will get the message:

You are running Microsoft Windows.

MSD can only report information specified by it's associated Windows Program Information File (.PIF). Therefore information presented may be less accurate or complete than if MSD is run outside of Windows. For more accurate information please exit Windows and run MSD from the MS-DOS prompt.

Some areas may be affected while MSD is run under Windows: Memory values and types will reflect what Windows provides by itself, and through the associated .PIF file; IRQ values may be reported differently; and the visual memory map in Memory, Memory Block Display, and Memory Browser may show different results. Other areas that may be affected include Video, OS Version, Mouse, Disk Drives, and COM Ports.

So how do you know whether a program is made for DOS or Windows? Nearly all Windows programs bear the Microsoft Windows logo Microsoft Windows compatible, while DOS programs do not. If you're still not sure, try running the program from the DOS prompt first. For example, type calc at a DOS prompt; you will get the message:

This program requires Microsoft Windows.

NOTE for Windows 95/98: if you try running a Windows program from the Windows 95/98 command prompt, the computer will simply start Windows (if it isn't already running) and run the program.

A word of warning for Windows users: in the Main group there is an icon called MS-DOS Prompt. This is not the same thing as running in DOS. It will let you run some DOS programs, such as the command prompt or the EDIT program, but it is still running on top of Windows. The proper way to switch from Windows to DOS is to close or exit all of your Windows programs, including Program Manager.

Windows 95/98

One way to switch the computer from Windows to DOS mode is to click on the Start menu, then Shut Down, then choose "Restart the computer in MS-DOS mode". Doing this will close all Windows programs and (mostly) remove Windows itself from memory.

Another way is to adjust the properties of a DOS program. Right-click on your program (or its shortcut), select Properties, open the Program tab, and click on the Advanced button. In the Advanced Program Settings you can set the program to run in MS-DOS mode, and even specify a starting configuration just for that program.

AnswerMS DOS is in Windows. When you go to shut down, it has a choice. shut down in MS DOS mode. AnswerBasically, both are operatong systems. MS DOS is the oldest OS from Microsoft. It is a single user command line operating system. While Windows (latest version) is multi-user and feature a user friendly GUI(Graphical User Interface). AnswerMS-DOS (MicroSoft Disk Operating System) is a CLI (Command-Line Interface).

Windows is a GUI (Graphical User Interface).

When working with a CLI, you begin with a blank screen and a command prompt. At the command prompt, you type commands, one at a time, for the computer to process. (i.e. "MKDIR C:\MYDIR" to create a directory called "MYDIR" in the root folder of the C drive) Any programs (text editing, database, etc) are run from the command prompt by directing the computer to the location of the program, and typing the execution command.

Example (Text in italics are commands, other text is command prompt.):

C:\> ''CD PROGRAMS''

C:\PROGRAMS\> ''CD GAMES''

C:\PROGRAMS\GAMES\> ''CD PONG''

C:\PROGRAMS\GAMES\PONG\> ''PONG.EXE''

At this point, PONG would take up the entire screen, leaving you unable to do anything but play the game until you exit the game. After you exit the game, you would be brought back to the prompt:

C:\PROGRAMS\GAMES\PONG\>

On the other hand, a GUI offers much more flexibility by using icons and windows to represent objects and programs. With Windows, you can open several different documents or programs, and easily switch between them. Also, there is the Start Menu, from which you can launch program shortcuts instead of having to wade through the entire file directory to execute your choice of program.

The interrelation is that Windows was originally a program ran to top of DOS. In order to use Windows, you used to need a line in your AUTOEXEC.BAT (a script file that automatically executed on DOS startup) that pointed to the Windows program. Windows versions 3.x - 9x and Me still run on top of DOS. What this means is that those versions of Windows aren't really Operating Systems, because they rely on DOS to process all the programs. All those versions of Windows do is make the programs easier to get to and switch between. Windows NT versions, and the Windows XP/2K line are built on their own system kernel so they are considered true Operating Systems on their own.

AnswerDOS was an older version by Microsoft which was entirely text and command based. Windows has a GUI (Graphical User Interface) which means you can use a mouse, view pictures, have icons, etc. If you've ever seen something like '''"c:\>_"''' in white text on a black background, chances are that that was DOS or a version of it.

On Windows XP, you can get a version of it by pressing Start -> All Progs -> Accessories -> Command Prompt. This is an updated version of the original DOS which would run in fullscreen and be the only thing on the computer. You can get started by typing ''HELP '' to see a list of commands. For info on a particular command type '' /?'' .

  1. DOS does not supports GUI, Windows supports.
  2. DOS does not supports networking, Windows Supports.
  3. DOS is a single user OS, Windows is a multi-user OS.
  4. DOS is a single tasking OS, Windows is a multi tasking OS.
  5. DOS does not supports threading, Windows Supports.
  6. DOS supports maximum 2 GB of partition, Windows supports 2 TB or more.
  7. DOS supports FAT 16 file system only, Windows supports FAT 32 and NTFS.
  8. There is no server support in DOS, Windows has.
  9. DOS is not as stable as Windows.
255256257
MS-DOS

Is DOS obsolete?

No Dos is still used in many things today. Many programs are Windows Only due to them using Dos Files.

255256257
Computer Networking
MS-DOS

What is windows file sharing protocol?

Server Message Block (SMB) SMB and default port 445

247248249
Microsoft Windows
MS-DOS

What is meant by the term command prompt?

Command prompt is a simple term meaning the place where you can enter system commands. It has different names on different systems, Windows -cmd(Command Prompt), Linux Mac - Terminal

243244245
MS-DOS

MS-DOS evolved from what early operating system?

86-DOS

215216217
Microsoft PowerPoint
Microsoft Windows
MS-DOS

What is a basic unit of a PowerPoint presentation?

The individual parts of a PowerPoint presentation are called slides.

91011
Windows Vista
Windows XP
MS-DOS
Windows 7

What is 3d driving school installiation password?

656667
Microsoft Windows
MS-DOS

Is DOS a multiprocessing operating system?

No ,not at all.

173174175
Microsoft Windows
MS-DOS
The Difference Between

When you are in DOS mode what is the command to get back to Windows?

The command is exit regardless what version of DOS or Windows you are running. DOS has not changed even in the Windows 2000 and XP versions exit is still the command to close a DOS correctly. When you get to DOS type ver or version to see what version of DOS you are running. Plus, how are you getting to DOS from Windows? Are you opening a Run prompt and typing command? Are are you typing cmd at the Run prompt? This has something to do with it also. type Exit and press enter Other wise you are on Restart in DOS MODE then Press Win and your computer automatically restart other press ALT+TAB or Alt+Tab

158159160
Microsoft Windows
Windows XP
MS-DOS

What are IPC Mechanisms available in DOS and how can you make processes communicate in DOS?

In Actual the IPC stands for Inter Process Communication and that is a standard mechanism how processes intercommunicate in Operating System Environment .Means more than one process executing in environment need to share their outputs but as we know there DOS is think to be a non-preempted single user single processing environment ,we cannot assume so . I.e. there is no such a standard way of intercommunication . But still TSR's in DOS environment emulate the phenomenon of multiprocessing where we sometime work on system buffers like video buffer, keyboard buffer etc similar things can be defined for other processes which makes it possible to reside a persistent program buffer until the processes under dos tend to end up . For this we have to allocate a memory that will not be dumped until process state comes to termination. For further reference please study the notes written in Silberschatz Galvin's O/S Book where monolithic DOS environment is discussed in various columns of O/S properties.

Well you can't strictly have two programs running simultaneously in DOS, but DOS does allow some programs to install themselves permanently in memory. The easiest way for a program to communicate with a memory resident program, and bring it to life, is the one employed by DOS itself - arrange for the TSR to collar a software interrupt, and then communicate with it through that.

155156157
Computer Terminology
Microsoft Windows
Windows 98
MS-DOS

What is the difference between MS-DOS and Windows?

Both Dos and Windows are Operating systems. But, they possess some features which make them differentiate. These features are listed below:

"«Dos is only single tasking while Windows is multitasking.

"«Dos is based on plain interface while Windows is based on Graphical user interface (GUI).

"«Dos is difficult to learn and understand while Windows is easy to learn and understand.

"«Dos is less preferable by users while Windows is more preferable operating system.

"«Limited users can work on dos while in Windows there are many users.

"«We cannot see mouse in Dos while in Windows we can see and use mouse to click on icons or links.

"«Simple text commands are written in Dos while in Windows we operate computer with the help of mouse.

"«In Dos we cannot Play games, watch movies and listen songs while in Windows we can enjoy playing games, watching movies and listening songs.

"«In Dos new hardware cannot work properly while in Windows it can detect and installs software automatically.

"«Application and system software¡¦s did not work properly in Dos while in Windows it runs at a great speed.

"«Dos is not user friendly while Windows operating system is user friendly.

"«Dos performs operations speedily as compared with Windows operating system.

__________________

  1. DOS uses CLI (command line interface), whereas Windows used GUI (graphical user interface)..
  2. DOS does not support networking, Windows does..
  3. DOS is a single user OS, Windows is Multiuser..
  4. DOS is a single tasking OS, Windows is Multitasking..
  5. Dos is a single threading OS, Windows is a Multithreading..
  6. DOS supports 2 GB of maximum partition size, Windows supports 2 TB or more..
  7. DOS uses FAT 16 file system, Windows uses FAT 32..
  8. Server administration is not possible in DOS..
AnswerDOS is the system that runs your PC. Windows was created as a GUI (graphical user interface) making the running of your computer much easier and safer AnswerUltimately, the difference between these types of programs is who has control over the computer. DOS programs generally expect themselves to be the only program running on your computer, so they will directly manipulate the hardware, such as writing to the disk or displaying graphics on the screen. They may also be dependent on timing, since the computer won't be doing anything else to slow them down. Many games fall into this category.

Windows programs, on the other hand, realize that they must share your computer with other Windows programs. Actually, did you know that Windows 3.x itself is a DOS program? What this means is that Windows has control of the computer's hardware, and in turn it shares parts of the computer's resources with Windows programs. The obvious advantage to this arrangement is that you can do several things at once; for example, you could play Beethoven's 5th, start downloading a file from a BBS, then look at your checking account and use a Calculator to check the balance all at the same time. Another advantage is that you can share data between programs; for example, copying a spreadsheet summary into a work processor document.

The important thing here is that many DOS programs will run poorly or not at all in Windows. For example, if you try to run Microsoft System Diagnostics (MSD) while you are in Windows, you will get the message:

You are running Microsoft Windows.

MSD can only report information specified by it's associated Windows Program Information File (.PIF). Therefore information presented may be less accurate or complete than if MSD is run outside of Windows. For more accurate information please exit Windows and run MSD from the MS-DOS prompt.

Some areas may be affected while MSD is run under Windows: Memory values and types will reflect what Windows provides by itself, and through the associated .PIF file; IRQ values may be reported differently; and the visual memory map in Memory, Memory Block Display, and Memory Browser may show different results. Other areas that may be affected include Video, OS Version, Mouse, Disk Drives, and COM Ports.

So how do you know whether a program is made for DOS or Windows? Nearly all Windows programs bear the Microsoft Windows logo Microsoft Windows compatible, while DOS programs do not. If you're still not sure, try running the program from the DOS prompt first. For example, type calc at a DOS prompt; you will get the message:

This program requires Microsoft Windows.

NOTE for Windows 95/98: if you try running a Windows program from the Windows 95/98 command prompt, the computer will simply start Windows (if it isn't already running) and run the program.

A word of warning for Windows users: in the Main group there is an icon called MS-DOS Prompt. This is not the same thing as running in DOS. It will let you run some DOS programs, such as the command prompt or the EDIT program, but it is still running on top of Windows. The proper way to switch from Windows to DOS is to close or exit all of your Windows programs, including Program Manager.

Windows 95/98

One way to switch the computer from Windows to DOS mode is to click on the Start menu, then Shut Down, then choose "Restart the computer in MS-DOS mode". Doing this will close all Windows programs and (mostly) remove Windows itself from memory.

Another way is to adjust the properties of a DOS program. Right-click on your program (or its shortcut), select Properties, open the Program tab, and click on the Advanced button. In the Advanced Program Settings you can set the program to run in MS-DOS mode, and even specify a starting configuration just for that program.

AnswerMS DOS is in Windows. When you go to shut down, it has a choice. shut down in MS DOS mode. AnswerBasically, both are operatong systems. MS DOS is the oldest OS from Microsoft. It is a single user command line operating system. While Windows (latest version) is multi-user and feature a user friendly GUI(Graphical User Interface). AnswerMS-DOS (MicroSoft Disk Operating System) is a CLI (Command-Line Interface).

Windows is a GUI (Graphical User Interface).

When working with a CLI, you begin with a blank screen and a command prompt. At the command prompt, you type commands, one at a time, for the computer to process. (i.e. "MKDIR C:\MYDIR" to create a directory called "MYDIR" in the root folder of the C drive) Any programs (text editing, database, etc) are run from the command prompt by directing the computer to the location of the program, and typing the execution command.

Example (Text in italics are commands, other text is command prompt.):

C:\> ''CD PROGRAMS''

C:\PROGRAMS\> ''CD GAMES''

C:\PROGRAMS\GAMES\> ''CD PONG''

C:\PROGRAMS\GAMES\PONG\> ''PONG.EXE''

At this point, PONG would take up the entire screen, leaving you unable to do anything but play the game until you exit the game. After you exit the game, you would be brought back to the prompt:

C:\PROGRAMS\GAMES\PONG\>

On the other hand, a GUI offers much more flexibility by using icons and windows to represent objects and programs. With Windows, you can open several different documents or programs, and easily switch between them. Also, there is the Start Menu, from which you can launch program shortcuts instead of having to wade through the entire file directory to execute your choice of program.

The interrelation is that Windows was originally a program ran to top of DOS. In order to use Windows, you used to need a line in your AUTOEXEC.BAT (a script file that automatically executed on DOS startup) that pointed to the Windows program. Windows versions 3.x - 9x and Me still run on top of DOS. What this means is that those versions of Windows aren't really Operating Systems, because they rely on DOS to process all the programs. All those versions of Windows do is make the programs easier to get to and switch between. Windows NT versions, and the Windows XP/2K line are built on their own system kernel so they are considered true Operating Systems on their own.

AnswerDOS was an older version by Microsoft which was entirely text and command based. Windows has a GUI (Graphical User Interface) which means you can use a mouse, view pictures, have icons, etc. If you've ever seen something like '''"c:\>_"''' in white text on a black background, chances are that that was DOS or a version of it.

On Windows XP, you can get a version of it by pressing Start -> All Progs -> Accessories -> Command Prompt. This is an updated version of the original DOS which would run in fullscreen and be the only thing on the computer. You can get started by typing ''HELP '' to see a list of commands. For info on a particular command type '' /?'' .

  1. DOS does not supports GUI, Windows supports.
  2. DOS does not supports networking, Windows Supports.
  3. DOS is a single user OS, Windows is a multi-user OS.
  4. DOS is a single tasking OS, Windows is a multi tasking OS.
  5. DOS does not supports threading, Windows Supports.
  6. DOS supports maximum 2 GB of partition, Windows supports 2 TB or more.
  7. DOS supports FAT 16 file system only, Windows supports FAT 32 and NTFS.
  8. There is no server support in DOS, Windows has.
  9. DOS is not as stable as Windows.

difference between ms dos and windows

154155156
MS-DOS

What is the purpose of use of MS-DOS?

MSDOS was the original operating system for the IBM PC. It has since been replaced in current versions of Windows by a scripting utility, as Windows is now a complete operating system and does not need MSDOS anymore.

129130131
Unix
MS-DOS

What are similarities and differences between MS-DOS and UNIX?

Difference: Back in the days before Microsoft Windows dominated the PC market, operating system were controlled by commands. Prior to MS-Windows, PC users were required to learn these commands in order to perform routine tasks. During the 1980s, Microsoft DOS dominated the PC market while the early UNIX command systems were used on larger multi-processing servers. The main difference between UNIX and DOS is that DOS was originally designed for single-user systems, while UNIX was designed for systems with many users. While PC's have evolved into GUI interfaces such as Windows, UNIX systems have never evolved into GUI environments. Hence, The Oracle professional must master a bewildering number of cryptic UNIX commands in order to manage their Oracle databases, both on Windows NT and UNIX. One of the most confounding issues for the UNIX neophyte is being confronted with a complex UNIX command. The cryptic nature of UNIX is such that even the most seasoned UNIX professional may have trouble deciphering the purpose of the command. Because UNIX and MS-DOS were developed at the same time they share some common syntax, and the UNIX neophyte will be happy to find many common commands and concepts.

Similarities: Both has CLI option and both are quick.

124125126
Microsoft Windows
Windows XP
MS-DOS
How To

HOW TO Block a directory using MS-DOS?

create a directory with special characters

for getting special characters, press Alt key + 200 ~ 255

like

Alt+200 ╚

Alt+201 ╔

Alt+240 ≡

Alt+250 ·

Alt+251 √

now u cannot open the folder from windows. You get "Access Denied" error.

125126127
Microsoft Windows
Windows XP
MS-DOS

What is MS-DOS?

MS-DOS is an operating system designed for the IBM PC by Microsoft in 1981. MS DOS is Microsoft Disk Operating System. It was a command-line interface, meaning the user had to type in commands to use it, unlike Windows which is a Graphical User Interface. MS DOS was released on IBM PCs when they came out in the 1980s and continued in popular use until the mid 1990s, by which time the first of the Windows operating systems, Windows 95, began to take over.

MS DOS commands were either stored as individual programs, known as external commands, or in a file called Command.com, which stored more commonly used commands. These were called internal commands. Included in these would have been commands like COPY, DEL, DIR, CD and RD.

COPY enabled the copying of files.

DEL deleted files.

DIR gave a listing of files in a directory (now called a folder).

CD changed from one directory to another.

RD removed a directory.

115116117
Microsoft Windows
Windows XP
MS-DOS

How do I start my PC in command prompt DOS my OS is winxp the f8 command doesn't show this option please help?

Go to start, click on run then type in cmd then press enter.

113114115
Microsoft Windows
Windows Vista
MS-DOS

What do you think a graphical user interface might be better than a command line interface?

A graphical user interface, commonly abbreviate gui, means there is a visible screen that the user can look at with pictures and such. A command line is just a black background with white typing. There is no mouse or clicking. Its all just code. Go the gui is much easier to use and much more user friendly

99100101
MS-DOS
FaceTime

5 examples of Command Line Interface?

  1. DIR
  2. Ver
  3. CLS
  4. Date
  5. Time
  6. Label
979899
Software and Applications (non-game)
Microsoft Windows
Math and Arithmetic
MS-DOS

How do you send greater-than bracket symbols to the screen in the dos batch file?

using the "echo ]" will disply the greater-than bracket on the screen. The echo command in general displays whatever text is typed after a space.

The original question is: how to echo ">", not "]"!!!

To display a pipe (|) or redirection character (, ^<, or ^| ). If you need to use the caret character (^), type two (^^).

929394
Computer Hardware
Windows Vista
Hard Disk Drives
MS-DOS

How do you get your hard drive into DOS mode so it can be formatted?

if you want to fromat a hard drive for windowsXP then read this...

/a<

you will need your winXP cd

This a fast trick to get you computer in DOS mode. Power off your computer then power it back on, while your computer is turning on keep pressing F8 repeatedly until you computer prompts you how you want to run. Some of your options will be run in safe mode, run in safe mode with networking, but you will select run in DOS mode. Once your in your DOS mode then you are ready to go!

878889
MS-DOS

Who owns DOS?

MS DOS or DOS was originally created by Mac (apple) and it was used

in various applications. It was bought and owned by Microsoft for $9,000,000 early 90s.

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