Phoenicia

From 1200 BC to 539 BC, the ancient Semitic civilization of Phoenicia was situated on the western, coastal part of the Fertile Crescent in what is now Lebanon and Tartus Governorate, Syria. They are known for almost all modern day alphabets being derived from their alphabet.

2,594 Questions
Ancient History
Phoenicia

What were the four major cities of Phoenicia?

Tyre, Sidon, Baalbek, Carthage.

215216217
Languages and Cultures
Phoenicia

Do the Phoenicians speak phoenician?

They are an extinct civilization who spoke Phoenician, Greek and Punic

149150151
Ancient History
History of the Middle East
Ancient Religions
Phoenicia

Where were the Phoenicians from?

The Phoenicians were a Semitic people who moved from the east to settle in Lebanon and western Syria.

The name 'Phoenician' was given to them by the Greeks - derived from their word phoinicus for the purple dye for which it was famous.

145146147
Egypt
Phoenicia

Is The ancient land of Phoenicia closer to Egypt or Greece?

Egypt

123
Ancient History
Phoenicia

The Phoenicians traveled south for?

They traveled south for ivory.

111112113
African-American History
Phoenicia

How did phoenicia grow wealthy?

phoenicia grew wealthy because of its trade

103104105
Phoenicia

What type of weapons did the Phoenicians use?

The usual for the period - spears, swords, bows, axes.

959697
History of Maritime
Ancient History
Alphabet History
English Alphabet History
Phoenicia

What were two developments of the Phoenicians?

Two important developments of the Phonecians were the alphabet and trading. I hope this helps!

858687
Phoenicia

How do you pronounce phoenicia?

Phoenicia is pronounced FO-NEE-SH-UH

818283
Cuneiform
Phoenicia

How are the Phoenician alphabet and cuneiform writing different?

The Phoenician Alphabet was a phonetic system with 22 letters that represent consonants.

The Cuneiform system used pictographs to represent entire words and concepts, and had many thousands of characters.

798081
Ancient History
English Alphabet History
Improbable History
Phoenicia

Why was the Phoenician alphabet important?

The Phoenician alphabet was important because it was easier to read than cuneiform, it was made out of letters, not picture symbols. It made life easier for the Phoenicians and it helped trade spread. It also evolved many other alphabets like the Greek, Latin, and of course the English alphabet. Some parts in the bible are written in Phoenician.

293031
Judaism
Phoenicia

Did Hebrews take their writing from Phoenicians?

The alphabet used for Hebrew was a derivative of the original Phoenician alphabet. However, as fellow Expert Dick Harfield notes, the languages themselves are "cousins" and not directly descended from one another. The alphabet was simply a "technology" that the Hebrew-speakers used to record their language.

101112
Religion & Spirituality
Phoenicia

Where did the ancient Phoenicians live?

They lived in Phoenicia, an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan along the coastal regions of modern day Lebanon, Syria and Palestine. They established trading colonies around the Mediterranean, the most notable of which was Carthage.

676869
Phoenicia

Who were the Phoenicians?

The Phoenicians were a Semitic people who established an early civilization - from about 1200 BCE - on the Mediterranean coast near what is now Lebanon and western Syria where they established a series of independent city-states (eg Sidon, Tyre, Byblos, with a major city-state in Tunisia - Carthage). They were also one of the strongest of the maritime powers of their time.

They established trading colonies and posts all around the Mediteranean basin, in North Africa (Morroco, Tunisia, Lybia, Algeria, Egypt), the Italian peninsula, Sicily, Corsica, Spain, Portugal, Babylon. Phoenicia as a state and civilization lasted from 1550 BC to 300 BC when the main territory was conquered by the Persians.

The cities in the east were taken over by Persia, then the Hellenistic kingdoms in the 3rd Century BCE. The city of Carthage fought a century-long war with the rising power Rome and was demolished. By the 1st Century BCE Rome had absorbed the eastern cities as well into is empire.

As an ethnicity, the Phoenician were of Semite origin but were a mix of tribes which had moved in from the east into Lebanon and Syria.

They produced the alphabet from which Greece and Rome developed theirs. They are credited with inventing the bireme.

The Phoenicians were conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia in 539 BC, and then were divided into four vassal kingdoms thereafter.

They traded around the mediterranean sea purple and showed people how to use the alphabet. They lived in colonies and were spread out by Cyrus the great.

636465
History
Phoenicia

Why were the Phoenicians so influential?

They were masters of the trade in the Mediterranean Basin and they invented the ancestor of all the present-day Indo-European languages.

596061
Alphabet History
English Alphabet History
Phoenicia

What are two benefits to the Phoenician alphabet?

the Phoenician alphabet developed into our modern day alphabet and it helps us communicate.

575859
Ancient History
Phoenicia

Were the Phoenicians polytheistic?

Yes, they were. They believed in many gods and goddeses. These gods were closely tied with nature.

535455
Literature and Language
Alphabet History
English Alphabet History
Phoenicia

Who was the Phoenician alphabet inventor?

The Phoenician people in the 9th Century BCE.

535455
Glassblowing and Glass Production
Phoenicia

Did the Phoenicians make glass blowing?

YES

515253
Phoenicia

How did the Phoenician alphabet simplify writing?

I don’t

123
History of China
Mesopotamia
Babylon
Phoenicia

For what trade goods were the Phoenicians known?

they trade silver work ivory carving and slaves

434445
Ancient History
Slavery
Phoenicia

What kind of work did Phoenician slaves do?

Phoenician slaves were the rowers on the ships, worked the farms and in the houses and public works.

434445
Ancient History
Mesopotamia
Phoenicia

What was traded by the Phoenicians?

They traded dyestuffs (Tyrian purple), salt, cedar logs, perfume, cloth, and glass trinkets. As they expanded their trade west through the Mediterranean and east to Mesopotamia, they engaged in carriage trade, ie shipping other peoples' produce for them, which extended their trade goods to include grains, spices, metals, skins, meat, garments, even going as far as Cornwall for tin.

414243
Phoenicia

What are three characteristics a Phoenician sea trade might need to possess?

Uhji
181920
World War 1
Ancient History
France in WW2
Phoenicia

What impact did the Phoenicians have on the Mediterranean world?

The Phoenicians lived in a two hundred mile long strip bordering the Mediterranean Sea, so they were sea traders. They made purple cloth that was very expensive and prized among royalty that was made from a dye produced by a sea snail called a murex. They also had many cedar trees growing there, so they used them to build boats and furniture. They were excellent sea traders who produced the first alphabet that consisted of 22 consonants and they gave it away, the Greeks took this alphabet and turned it into their own alphabet.

373839

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.