When people hear reindeer, naturally they think of Rudolph and Santa. With the scientific name Rangifer tarandus, reindeer are actually the same species as the caribou, both being acceptable names. Questions about reindeers, their habits and habitats should be placed here.

3,850 Questions
Santa Claus
Christmas Music

What are the names of Santa's reindeer?

The most well-known names for the reindeer pulling Santa Claus' sleigh come from two sources. The names are:

  • Dasher
  • Dancer
  • Prancer
  • Vixen
  • Comet
  • Cupid
  • Donner
  • Blitzen
  • Rudolf

All but the last name come from the poem: 'Twas the Night before Christmas, commonly credited to Clement Clarke Moore (1779-1863). It was actually written in 1807 by Major Henry Livingston, Jr. (1748-1828) with the title Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas. The names "Donner" and "Blitzen" were changed by Moore from "Dunder" and "Blixem." (See the related link for information on this poem's origin.)

The last name, Rudolph, comes from a story and coloring book Rudolf the Red-nosed Reindeer that Robert L. May created in 1939 for his employer, the Montgomery Ward department store. The copyright for the story was later turned over to May, and his brother-in-law, Johnny Marks, wrote the well-known song that further popularized the character.

Two of the reindeer names, Donner/Donder and Blitzen, are often the source of confusion, misspelling, and misinformation. The short facts are these: Donner/Donder and Blitzen were named ''Dunder'' and ''Blixem'' (the Dutch words for ''thunder'' and ''lightning'') in the original printing of "A Visit From St. Nicholas." In reprints of the poem, the names became ''Donder'' and ''Blixen,'' then ''Donder'' and ''Blitzen'' (the latter being German for ''lightning''). By the time Johnny Marks wrote "Rudolph," it was ''Donner'' and ''Blitzen'' (possibly because ''Donder'' was musically awkward). See for a thorough discussion.

Other (modern) names for the reindeer:In modern times, other reindeer have been named in books, movies, and television shows but none have become well-known and generally accepted members of the team. These other names include: (Please add names to this list if you know of other examples, and please add the origin of the name if you know it.)
  • Fireball
  • Leroy
  • Pablo
  • Olive
  • Clarice

Here is more from WikiAnswers contributors:

  • Donner is German for "thunder," so Donner and Blitzen is effectively the same as Dunder and Blixem

    (Actually, Blitzen is German for "thunder," not Donner).

  • Donner does mean thunder in German whereas Blitzen means flash and the two together are used to describe thunder and lightning e.g. Es ist Blitz und Donner!
  • Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner, Blitzen
  • Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner (or Donder, or Dunder), and Blitzen (or Blixen, or Blixem) are the eight named by Clement C. Moore in "A Visit from St. Nicholas," and are the eight most commonly named. Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer, was "added to the team" after Johnny Marks wrote the popular song about him.
  • Various books, TV shows, and movies over the years have named other reindeer (such as Olive, Fireball, and Clarice). None of them have become part of the popular legend since Rudolph, though.
  • Santa's reindeer are Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen.
  • Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen! Oh... and don't forget Rudolph!
  • Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen... and do you recall the most famous reindeer of all??? Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, and good thing for Rudolph all of the reindeers like him.
  • The ones that drive Santa's sleigh are Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner, Blitzen, and Rudolph. I bet Rudolph is younger than the others, though. There are other reindeer shown in books, TV shows and movies, but they don't drive the sleigh (unless one gets sick!).
  • Most of you know about the most common reindeer Rudolph, but Santa has a reindeer called Olive. It wasn't an error as the people thought, but it is in fact one of his reindeer's names. The other ones are: Dasher, Donner, Comet, Cupid.
Santa Claus

How many reindeer does Santa Claus have?

We all know about the original 8 of Santa's. Plus Rudolph; but a lesser know tidbit of knowledge, is that Santa actually has thousands of reindeer at his disposal, in fact, it may very well be HUNDREDS of Thousands. He simply chooses between 8 of all those deer to pull his sleigh each Christmas Eve. But, as you know, Rudolph is a mainstay, because, as you also know, he lights Santa's way through the dark of night. So there you go, an answer from a well-acknowledged Christmas Expert.

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

What were all the character names in Rudolph the red nosed reindeer?

sam the snowman,rudolph,yukon cornelius,santa claus,donner,clarice,charlie-in-the-box,head elf,the doll,mrs.donner,abominable snowman

Santa Claus

Who is Santa's biggest Reindeer called?

There are 8 reindeers that carry Santa's sleigh, 9 if you include Rudolf. All of them are the same size but if you listen to all the jingles and folk tales you'll hear that Rudolf was the extra reindeer, and the most special of them all. He was Santa's favourite and he led the reindeers to all destinations, so, in theory you could say Rudolf would be the answer to your question.

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

What department store was Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer created to promote?

Rudolph the Rednosed Reindeer, was copywrited by Robert May for Montgomery Ward in 1939.

Santa Claus

Who named Santa's reindeer?

The names of Santa's reindeer are from the poem "A Visit From St. Nicholas", more commonly known as "The Night Before Christmas," written by Clement Clarke Moore in 1823.

It is also a legend that Billy Mays named the reindeer.
God named Santa's reindeer


Umm... ok...

Well, God did create everything but I think it was Santa. i mean, God doesn't name your dog or your cat. you do. God can't force you to name your dog Maxwell (well he could but I don't think he would...).


What do you call a reindeer herdsman?

santa :)


What is Reindeer Sausage?

A type of sausage made of reindeer meat.

Mental Health
Air Pollution

Could losing a much loved animal lead to mental problems in a teenager?

Usually a great pain or loss will uncover what is already fragmented underneath. It also depends on how the death is dealt with and how the grief is felt. I feel that the teen was probably rather senstive of nature before even the death of the beloved animal, And the death and loss has triggered an underlying core emptiness and pain. Sandplay therapy could be useful as well as letting the teen fully deal with all the grieving process with support by a youth counselor rather than family.

Any stress can trigger either an episode of a mental illness or uncover a mental illness.

In some cases, where a teen is already disturbed, the animal may be the closest relationship in her or his life and the trauma of the loss serves to make the problem visible. There are many reasons why this might be so, but good professional help (seeing a Psychologist or Psychiatrist) might be advisable.

Most certainly and it just doesn't involve young children to teenagers, but adults as well. Sometimes our society can be pretty tough to live with and so, many of us turn to our beloved pets. They are loyal, accept us for who we are and always there to comfort us and always greet us with a grunt or a wagging tail.

However, I do agree with the other poster that teenagers can have depression or even suicidal thoughts (not trying to scare you here at all.) Being in school today is a lot harder than back in the 40s, 50s or even 60s. Peer pressure is extremely hard and right in a teenagers face every day at school. You may not be rich enough, have the right clothes, not attractive enough, your grades aren't "up there" or the teenager that doesn't fit in may not excel in sports and even be a bit of a wallflower. Drugs are at a very high rate in schools as well as alcohol. This problem is getting worse and worse each year (we see/hear it on the news) and the distaste for certain teenagers that don't fit in often can come to a violent end. Bullying, fights, ganging up on one person is considered "hip" in our modern society amongst some teenagers.

What can a parent do? It's a tough one. Especially boys who are bullied at school will not express themselves to their parents or even what friends they feel they have. Hormonal changes are another factor in teenagers. If you push your son too much and threaten to go to the school with the problem you will actually make matters worse for your son. He/she will be bullied even more and some teenagers are even brash enough to threaten to harm the families of the abused. It's best to try and sit down with your son and talk it out. If need be, and you can afford it there are other schools they can go to. Many parents have decided on private tutoring or even Home Schooling just to get them out of the normal educational system and uncontrolled environment in some schools.

Girls are more apt to answer questions if the mother asks, but more often than not react much the same as the boys. It's normal for some teenagers to be moody, irritable, think they are ugly or fat or just plain unattractive. The media has made darn sure that the kids of this generation feel they have to either be "one of the beautiful people" or they won't fit in. They have to have the right clothes and know the best people to get along in school these days. Although many schools have tightened up on security more and more weapons seem to be found in the schools. Gone are the days of two boys fighting a clean fight and now it's done with weapons, gangs, and threats. These threats are very real. It's time for parents to try and stop what they are doing and connect with their teenagers in some way. They won't ever know their teenager 100% because that's just the way it goes for teenagers, but be aware of what your children are dealing with.

If you are a single parent find someone you think your son or daughter could relate too other than yourself. The main point is to get the teenager to discuss what they really feel inside.

Children often will relate and seek comfort from a beloved family pet and when the pet dies it's just "another crummy event" in their lives. Also mortality can come into the picture. When a child or teenager first experiences death be it a friend, family member or pet it hits them square in the face that they too could die or even their parents. Most adults go on with their daily lives until we too are forced to face the reality of death in our lives and then we have to come face-to-face with those fears. It's really tough on the teenagers today. Instead of some parents giving their teenagers "things" they should give them love and understanding and no, you aren't always going to get the reaction you always want, but your son or daughter know that you are there for them and in time they will seek you out.

We all were teenagers once and I can remember I was sometimes too afraid to tell my parents some things because I thought I would be grounded (they were strict) but most of the time I thought they would have no idea what I was going through. How wrong I was! My parents persisted and talked to me even though I sat on the edge of my bed with a sour face and giving them "the eye" as if they were aliens from another planet, but I even surprised myself and realized I did pick up a thing or two of my parents wisdom which I still use to this day. So, keep talking in a calm manner to your teenager (alone) and they will get to trust you. Don't nag, don't judge and never discuss their personal feelings in front of one of their siblings or friends. What is between the two of you should stay between the two of you.

Good luck Marcy

It is not necessary for the teenager to "already be disturbed" in order to suffer greatly at the loss of a beloved pet. If the pet was beloved, it was part of the family, and a loss like that can be devestating. It can bring up issues having to do with god, bad things happening, why the world is the way it is--all issues teens have anyway. If the teen tends toward depression, the loss can be extra-devestating. But really, wouldn't it be more disturbing if it didn't bother the teen at all?

This will often lead to grieving over the loss, and it needs to be allowed to take its course. Go to and type "grief" in the taskbar, and enter.

Call: Pet Loss Support Hotline - Grief Counseling Hotline

Iowa State Univ. College of Veterinary Medicine

1-888-ISU-PLSH (1-888-478-7574)

Chatrooms and forums: (coping, supporting others, loss of relationship, or pet) Understand that there are often several stages of grief.

The stages are:

Denial: The initial stage: "It can't be happening."

Anger: "Why ME? It's not fair?!" (either referring to God, oneself, or anybody perceived, rightly or wrongly, as "responsible")

Bargaining: "Just let me live to see my son graduate."

Depression: "I'm so sad, why bother with anything?"

Acceptance: "It's going to be OK."

Kübler-Ross originally applied these stages to any form of catastrophic personal loss (job, income, freedom). This also includes the death of a loved one and divorce. Kübler-Ross also claimed these steps do not necessarily come in order, nor are they all experienced by all patients, though she stated a person will always experience at least two.

See for books on the various stages. After a while, consider making a photoalbum/scrapbook and/or a shrine, in remembrance, and set aside one day per month on which to reflect. Many religious organisations offer counselling, or you may feel more comfortable with a therapist, to express your thoughts, and feelings. Journalling may help in this. If there is depression: visit your doctor, and see depression treatments, at in section 2: see page R first, then teen depression,and the rest.

Suggested Resources on Grief and Mourning: Beyond Grief: A guide for recovering from the death of a loved one; and: Men and grief: A guide for men surviving the death of a loved one, New Harbinger Productions Inc. 5674 Shattock Ave, Oakland, CA 94609 Phone: 1-800-784-6273

James, J. W. & Friedman, R. (1998). The Grief Recovery Handbook, Collins.

Livingstone, B. (Planned August, 2007). The Body-Mind-Soul Solution: Healing Emotional Pain through Exercise, Pegasus Books.

Livingstone, B. (2002). Redemption of the Shattered: A Teenager's Healing Journey through Sandtray Therapy,

Tatelbaum, J. The Courage to Grieve. Creative Living, Recovery and Growth through Grief. New York: Harper & Row. (1980).

Roth, Deborah, ed. Stepping Stones to Grief Recovery. Santa Monica: IBS Press.(1987).

Coping with Grief by Mal McKissock and Dianne McKissock, ABC Books & Audio. 2001

35 Ways to Help a Grieving Child, The Dougy Centre for Grieving Children, 1999,

Santa Claus

What is the history of Santa's sleigh?

Here is a quote from a source about the origin of Santa's sleigh: "Between 1804 and 1821 Santa Claus becomes an elf fully dressed in fur (from pelznichol?, see below) in an arctic landscape with reindeer and sleigh, all miniaturized." The source is When you get to the web page Click {Edit}{Find on this page} and type in the word sleigh This will get you started on more of the history. Check out... this is what it says... Does NORAD have any statistics on Santa's sleigh? NORAD can confirm that Santa's sleigh is a versatile, all weather, multi-purpose, vertical short-take-off and landing vehicle. It is capable of traveling vast distances without refueling and is deployed, as far as we know, only on Christmas Eve (and briefly for a test flight about a month before Christmas). Sleigh Technical Data Designer & Builder: K. Kringle & Elves, Inc. Probable First Flight: Dec. 24, 343 A.D. Home Base: North Pole Length: 75 cc (candy canes)/150 lp (lollipops) Width: 40 cc/80 lp Height: 55 cc/110 lp Weight at takeoff: 75,000 gd (gumdrops) Passenger weigth at takeoff: Santa Claus 260 pounds Weight of gifts at takeoff: 60,000 tons Weight at landing: 80,000 gd (ice & snow accumulation) Passenger weight at landing: 1,260 pounds Propulsion: Nine (9) rp (reindeer power) Armament: Antlers (purely defensive) Fuel: Hay, oats and carrots (for reindeer) Emissions: Classified Climbing speed: One "T" (Twinkle of an eye) Max speed: Faster than starlight Note: Length, width and height are without reindeer.


Which of Santa's reindeer is Rudolph's father?

Well, if you can believe the xmas TV show (the one with the Burl Ives smowman) then I believe Rudolph's dad is Donner. :-DD Actually, none of Santa's reindeer fathered Rudolph. Rudolph the Red-Nosed-Reindeer is a story written by Robert L. May for Montgomery Ward department stores. In the original story, Rudolph didn't even grow up in the "North Pole." He grew up in an "ordinary" reindeer village, born to regular reindeer. Santa happened upon Rudolph one foggy night, while delivering presents to his house. He asked Rudolph to guide his sleigh, and that's when it all began. Now, in the movie, Donner is his father, but that is not how it is in the actual book.

Santa Claus

Which one of Santa's reindeer was the last to join the sleigh pulling team?

Rudolph was the last to join the sleigh-pulling team, because when I read an old English version of The Night Before Christmas, there were only eight reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh.

Santa Claus

Are Santa's reindeer male or female?

To have the antlers at all and the size thereof that are often depicted in Christmas pictures, They're all female. And quite old ones at that, mothering age. You of course can believe whatever you want, but real male reindeer shed their antlers during the winter, while female reindeer keep them all year long.

the female reindeers are does and they have no antlers

the male reindeers have antlers

Not necessarily. It seems more likely that the reindeer Santa uses are castrated males, also known as steers.

Bucks spend most of their time before Christmas fighting other bucks for breeding rights, and then can mate with up to a dozen does, which would exhaust them, and during that time they lose their antlers. Does will be pregnent with calves during December and would need to use all their time and energy to insure their calves get enough nutrients to be born in a healthy state. Pulling a sleigh across the world in one night wouldn't be the best way to insure a healthy calf. Steers on the otherhand, would keep their weight, size, antlers, and a gentle temperment which would make it easier for a smooth rider.


What are male baby reindeer called?

A reindeer is no different than a regular deer name wise. so it would be called a fawn.

Freshwater Aquariums

How should you take care of your downhill skis?

You always want to strive to keep the bottom of your skis as smooth as possible. Therefore, do NOT ski over rocks, dirt, or any debris. Never, never, never ski on or walk in your skis on pavement. You will get so many scratches and nicks on the bottom of your skis that you will practically ruin them. Skiing over rocks can create huge divots that are detrimental to your ski. You can fill this with a special carbon compound, but do not do this unless you are experienced at tuning your skis. Have a ski professional do it for you. You also want to keep your edges free from burrs (nicks) and free from rust. It is CRITICAL to wipe your skis off when you are done skiing. You don't want to put them away went or your edges will rust. This is very, very, very bad. (I can't stress this enough.) Rusted edges will become dull and you will slide all over the hill. Take a towel or cloth and rub your skis down when you come inside. Make sure to remove snow and moisture from every part of your ski including the bindings. Also when you carry your skis don't let them scrape together. Use a Velcro ski wrapper that palces a soft pad between the two skis. You can find these at your local ski shop.


What does santas sleigh need to slide?

What does Santa’s sleigh needs to slide


Who is the fastest reindeer on Santa's sleigh?


Authors, Poets, and Playwrights
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

Who wrote the poem which inspired the song Rudolph the red nosed reindeer?

The original Rudolph poem was written by Robert L. May.


First song sung by mohit chauhan?

i love you


What is the meaning of reindeer?

a reindeer is an arctic and subarctic-dwelling deer.

Santa Claus

What do each of Santa's reindeer names mean?

While the names don't really "mean" anything, Moore did name them poetically to imply how special they were. In general, you can look at the names like this:
Dasher, Comet, Cupid: Names that imply speed, quickness, and flight ["Cupid" has wings].
Dancer, Prancer, Vixen: Names that imply grace and nimbleness [a "vixen" in this sense is a female fox].
Donner and Blitzen: Originally "Dunder and Blixem," the Dutch words for "Thunder & Lightning," names that imply power and strength.
So when Clement C. Moore named the reindeer, he named them to poetically imply what the reindeer were like, flying through the night: powerful, quick, and nimble.

Names originated from the popular children's story - 'Twas the Night Before Christmas - supposedly written by Clement Clarke Moore in 1823. However recently in 2000 an English professor has proved that the original Christmas rhyme was written by Major Henry Livingston, Jr. (1748-1828) in 1807 and called - Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas. Moore got credited with the nursery rhyme after an acquaintance published it in a newspaper. Over the years he made many alterations to it, which explains why there are various spellings of the reindeer names - Donner means thunder in German and Donder means thunder in Dutch.
What does Rudolf mean?

Do reindeer really exist?

Yes, reindeer are real animals which naturally live in the Arctic, although they can now be found in many areas of the world. They cannot fly but they can be trained to pull a sleigh across the ground. In the US, reindeer are known as caribou.

You can see more information about reindeer by clicking on the link in the Related links and sources section, below.

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

What are the lyrics in Spanish for Rudolph the Red nosed Reindeer?

Rudolph, el reno de nariz roja

Tenía una nariz muy brillante.

Y si alguna vez lo vi,

incluso se podría decir que brilla.

Todo el otro reno

se reían y le llaman nombres.

Nunca deje que los pobres Rudolph

participar en cualquier juego del reno.

A continuación, una brumosa noche de Navidad

Santa vino a decir:

"Rudolph con tu nariz tan brillante,

No le guiará a mi esta noche trineo? "

Entonces todo el reno lo amó

que gritaba con alegría,

Rudolph el reno de nariz roja,

usted pasará a la historia!

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

Who did Rudolph like in the movie Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer?

♥û☺-♣♠•◘○In the Rankin/Bass special, her name was Clarice. (CUH-LAIR-EESE)

OR in the other one its Zoe (ZUH-OH)


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