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Stained Glass

This category is devoted to the preservation, artful designs and the craft skills to make a stained glass piece, all questions concerning materials, tools, technical details, historical origins and modern techniques and how-to's will be found here.

932 Questions
Cleaning
Chemistry
Stained Glass
Candles

How do you get candle wax out of your carpet?

Wiki s contributors suggest these methods:
  • Lift the carpet, put a roasting pan under the spill. Then slowly pour boiling water on the wax spill. The wax will melt down though the carpet into the roasting pan. Then do the same for the carpet pad, if it needs it . By the way only the boiling water and roasting pan method is from me. I tried the hair dryer method but boiling water works faster and you don't have to worry about the heat. My friends also tried dry ice with no results.
  • Well I tried the iron and towel method and it worked perfectly. There was a very large mound of wax and it came right up. First, you scrap off any excess wax with the side of a spoon or something smooth and sharp. Second, you place a rag down over the was spill and you place the Iron on the highest heat and the most steam on top of the rag. The wax will mely and be absorbed right into the rag this was a life saver.
  • Use a hair dryer and a towel so you are constantly rubbing it off. If you have a huge mound of wax you should definitely scrape some off first. Oh yea- and don't get the carpet too too hot because the carpet fibers are plastic and will melt, but wax has a lower melting point- use common sense with it and watch your hands.
  • You should first test each method in an inconspicuous area to be sure it won't cause even more damage to your carpet, like melting synthetic fibers, or removing color.
  • Place towel over hardened wax, them press the iron over the area until wax melts and sticks to the towel!!!!!!!!!
  • Sponge with a small amount of dry-cleaning solvent. Blot. (Use small amounts to prevent any possible damage to sizings, backings or stuffing materials. Do not use gasoline, lighter fluid, or carbon tetrachloride).
  • Mix one teaspoon of a neutral detergent (a mild detergent containing no alkalies or bleaches) with a cup of luke-warm water. Blot.
  • You can also try using ice to make it harden and then scrape of with a spoon.
  • First take a dull knife and cut away the excess wax. then lay a clean rag over the spot and gently iron until the candle wax is gone. i promise it works like a charm!(there is a little bit of staining sometimes)
  • Ditto on the iron and clean rag. I tried it and it worked. I scraped off the excess wax and then I placed a clean rag over the area and ironed it off. It melted into the rag...it completely removed the wax.
  • I just spilled red wax on my carpet, and we are renting. =*( However the iron thing worked wonderes. I did pour some water on the wax before I ironed it and it came right up, there is a little bit of staining, but I would recommend this to anyone.
  • You can also try using methylated spirits or turps in the same way as the dry-cleaning fluid method above,if your carpet can take it.
  • Ive always used the hot iron and a brown paper bag. Always worked and I never had to ruin a towel (Old rag or otherwise)
  • Try soaking it in hot water for a day.
  • Thank you! The ice and spoon didn't work for me, but the iron and paper towels did.
  • Many people say to use the iron trick with paper. This is not good because more often than not, it works the wax further into the pile. The other suggestion people make is to use a cube of ice, which doesn't really work well either.
  • What worked really well for me is a variation of the iron an paper bag trick. I do not own an iron, so in place of an iron, I boiled a big pot of water and then covered the pot (to keep in the heat). I then put the pot on the paper bag (instead of the iron). This worked amazingly well!
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Stained Glass

What purpose do stained glass windows serve?

Stained glass windows are used to depict images, usually thematic. e.g. In a church, there would be stained glass windows depicting stories from the Bible, in a college lecture hall, there could be stained glass windows depicting flora and fauna.

115116117
Interior Design
Stained Glass

Where did stained glass come from?

The origins of the first stained glass windows are lost in history. The technique probably came from jewelry making, cloisonn and mosaics. Stained glass windows as we know them, seemed to arise when substantial church building began. By the 10th century, depictions of Christ and biblical scenes were found in French and German churches and decorative designs found in England.

101102103
Chemistry
Stained Glass

Is glass a molecular compound?

Glass is a solid solution of several silicate compounds possibly with other additives for color, strength, etc.

919293
Building and Carpentry
Stained Glass

What is window glass made of?

Common raw materials used for making glass consist of the following:

  • Sand: finely divided rock and mineral particles, typically high in silica (silicon dioxide: SiO2).
  • Soda ash: sodium carbonate: Na2CO3.
  • Dolomite: calcium magnesium carbonate: CaMg(CO3)2.
  • Limestone: a sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate: CaCO3).
  • Salt cake: sodium sulfate, the sodium salt of sulfuric acid: Na2SO4.
  • Other materials may be used as colorants, refining agents or to adjust the physical and chemical properties of the glass.

Flat glass for windows and similar applications is formed by the float glass process, where a continuous ribbon of glass is created using a molten tin bath on which the molten glass flows unhindered due to the influence of gravity. The top surface of the glass is subjected to nitrogen under pressure to obtain a polished finish.

Windows are usually glazed or covered in some other transparent or translucent material. Window frames and sashes can be made of wood, vinyl, PVC, aluminum, or fiberglass.

For more information on what glass is made of, see What_is_glass_made_of

The above information provided by Red Five Development, the makers of iPod / iPhone apps such as Brainwave Entrainment (audio for improving cognitive functioning) and FlashCards (for quizzing/studying anything you want to learn). See http://www.red5dev.com

EDIT: Lead salts are added to window glass to make it "sparkle", also. It also improves glasses's workability. The lead salts slow any UV rays passing, too. This is why it's hard to get a suntan through a closed window.

727374
Shopping
Stained Glass
Numbers

What is the number for on the bottom of Hoosier glass vases?

that is the model number and can be quite helpful in finding out the value of the vase.

353637
Middle Ages
Stained Glass

What was a stained glass maker called in the middle ages?

glazier

636465
Interior Design
Middle Ages
Stained Glass

Were there stained glass windows in castles?

Castles didn't have stain glass windows ( some do today because they have been added) because they were built for protection and defense.

606162
History, Politics & Society
History of Europe
Middle Ages
Stained Glass

How was stained glass made in the middle ages?

Stained Glass was made by ironed metallic oxide salt were added into the mix wich was used to color it! Gold would create a red shape copper would create a grennish-blue and so on and so on

555657
Arts and Crafts
Interior Design
Diamonds
Stained Glass

How do you cut stained glass?

I found a website [see below] with very good information. Here it is and I hope it helps you too. It explains more than stained glass cutting.

COMMENT:

Cutting of stained glass is almost a Zen experience. You have to know if the glass is warm enough, know the proper frying bacon sound that the scoring tool makes, and trust that when you flex with your thumbs that you won't sever anything important.

When it works it feels great. When it doesn't you are left with an oddly shaped piece of pricey waste glass.

The physical parts are:

  • You scratch a line into the surface of the glass with a small tool with a carbide wheel at its tip. You then flex the glass slightly over the scratch . A crack follows the scored line and you have two pieces.
  • Alternately there are glass bandsaws with a small diamond imbedded wire blade that lets you saw the glass like a board.
515253
Christianity
Stained Glass

Why do Christians have stained glass windows in the church?

because many people could not read in them days so the windows created a story for people to read.
because its cool

495051
Interior Design
Stained Glass
Minecraft

Are there degrees to which you can make the glass in your bathroom window obscure?

If you mean "can you block vision through the glass," yes. You can buy sheets of plastic decorative overlays that stick to glass as an add-on layer. They are available in varying colors, densities, and patterns that will block vision in varying degrees. When the overlays are applied correctly, the glass looks as though it had been manufactured with the color, density, or texture that you selected.

495051
Waste and Recycling
Stained Glass

Current price per pound of recycled glass?

Here's a page I found with some recycled glass prices on it.

http://www.recycle.net/Glass/glass/xv090100.html

343536
Stained Glass

Who made the Chartres Cathedral stained glass windows?

There wasn't any specific person who made stained glass windows, only the people that helped out in loony town

434445
Health
Wine and Champagne
iPod
Stained Glass

What is the purpose of a cupping glass?

cupping the glass i think comes from the idea of warming brandy in a balloon glass with your hands so that as it warms you can breathe in the fumes from the brandy It is used in TCM, Traditional Chinese Medicine. It consists of glass cups that are applied to the skin after heat has been applied to them by a flame. The vacuum that is created when it cools draws out stagnant qi and toxins from the acupressure point where it is applied.
See the Related Links for "Answers.com: cupping glass" to the bottom for the answer.

434445
Christianity
Islam
Stained Glass
Mosque

Why don't mosques have stained glass windows like churches?

1.The architecture in design of a mosque reflects the Islamic traditions as place of worship to be simple because Islam rejects worship of idols/icons to represent Allah.

Mosques therefore may have calligraphic designs of verses from the Koran (Persian traditions) but will never embed gemstones,alabaster,statues or ornate designs or even have a stained glass windows.

With exceptions to churches or other religious places ( worship by other religions )captured during the ottoman empire expansion/mogul rule to turn it into a mosques -stained glasses have been replaced by netted carved grills.

2.The Christian tradition follows the Roman tradition of architecture with icon representation of Christ/Mary or scenes of Nativity and Crucifixion/holy war.The stained glass technique was extended in the Roman Catholic traditions through early 7 century -medieval (Gothic)and Renaissance period till modern times.

3.Colored glass has been produced since ancient times. Both the Egyptians(pagan) and the Romans excelled at the manufacture of small coloured glass objects" (says Wikipedia on "Stained glass windows") but Rome (now this are MY notes) were the one who really embrace the use of this art as part of their religious culture.

"In Early Christian churches of the 4th and 5th centuries there are many remaining windows which are filled with ornate patterns of thinly-sliced alabaster set into wooden frames, giving a stained-glass like effect. Evidence of stained glass windows in churches and monasteries in Britain can be found as early as the 7th century. The earliest known reference dates from 675 CE when Benedict_Biscopimported workmen from France to glaze the windows of the monastery of St Peter which he was building at Monkwearmouth."

Stained glass was also used by Islamic_architecturein Southwest_Asiaby the 8th century, when the Alchemy_and_chemistry_in_IslamJābir_ibn_Hayyān, in Kitab al-Durra al-Maknuna, gives 46 original recipes for producing coloured glass and describes the production of cutting glass into artificial Gemstone.http://wiki.answers.com/#cite_note-1

Wikipedia, on stained glass windows

414243
Stained Glass
Mosque

Why are there stained glass windows on a mosque?

to make it look nice

373839
Arts and Crafts
Middle Ages
Stained Glass
Glue and Adhesives

Can you use superglue on stained glass projects?

I wouldn't, superglue or CA glue when cured becomes very brittle, its like hard plastic, when your stained glass project flexes, (and it will) the the CA glue will crack and fail.

293031
Cleaning
Painting and Staining
Stained Glass

How do you get wood stain off of the glass on exterior windows?

WD40 does all kinds of amazing things...try it. I have an e-mail forward listing all the uses for WD40. I'd be happy to send it to you. Contact me @landon_kirby@yahoo.com

The easiest way to remove wood stain from windows is to use the gel version of SHOUT (Laundry spot remover). I discovered this when I inadvertently removed the varnish and stain (right down to the white wood) from the foot of my sleigh bed while prepping the clothes. This year we moved into a 100+ year old house. I used the gel shout and q-tips to remove the wood stain from our stain glass windows in our foyer. The job was done w/in 45 min and I didn't need to use a razor blade. There wasn't a spec of wood stain on the windows and they shine! Just make sure you don't get the shout on the wood!

+++

WD-40 might remove certain types of stain - I can't vouch for that - but it will leave an oily smear that will need cleaning off in turn. The initials by the way, stand for "Water Dispersant", its primary function. It will work, sort of, as a short-term lubricant and as a weak easing oil, but those are not its main functions (despite what it says on the tin!), and it can make things worse by washing existing lubricant away. It is good for cleaning oil off paintwork or metalwork but note that it will leave its own thin deposit. I think it's basically paraffin.

363738
Interior Design
Stained Glass

Why was stained glass invented?

it was invented for religious reasons

353637
Chemistry
Stained Glass

Why do they put lead in glass?

Lead, in the form of lead oxide, PbO, is added to glass to stabilize the matrix and improve the working characteristics of the glass. As a flux, PbO lowers the melting point considerably, and it also decreases the viscosity of the material. Additionally, lead oxide changes (increases) the refractive index of the glass. Use the link below to check facts and learn more.

333435
Health
Interior Design
Middle Ages
Stained Glass

Is having a stained glass window panel in your home harmful to your health?

No, provided that you do not lick the lead around the glass panels.

333435
Home Improvement
Building and Carpentry
Windows 7
Stained Glass

How well does plexiglass acrylic glass windows insulate as compared to tradition glass windows?

Appreciate an answer as need to put in a plexiglass window to accomodate an air conditioner exhaust pipe for a portable ac

313233
English to French
Stained Glass

Is there a french word for stained glass?

un vitrail, pl. des vitraux. (masc.)

293031
Interior Design
Chemistry
Middle Ages
Stained Glass

A toxi element found in stained glass windows?

lead

293031

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