Stained glass windows are used to depict images, usually thematic. e.g. In a church, there would be stained glass windows depicting stories from the Bible, in a college lecture hall, there could be stained glass windows depicting flora and fauna.
The origins of the first stained glass windows are lost in history. The technique probably came from jewelry making, cloisonn and mosaics. Stained glass windows as we know them, seemed to arise when substantial church building began. By the 10th century, depictions of Christ and biblical scenes were found in French and German churches and decorative designs found in England.
Glass is a solid solution of several silicate compounds possibly with other additives for color, strength, etc.
Common raw materials used for making glass consist of the following:
Flat glass for windows and similar applications is formed by the float glass process, where a continuous ribbon of glass is created using a molten tin bath on which the molten glass flows unhindered due to the influence of gravity. The top surface of the glass is subjected to nitrogen under pressure to obtain a polished finish.
Windows are usually glazed or covered in some other transparent or translucent material. Window frames and sashes can be made of wood, vinyl, PVC, aluminum, or fiberglass.
For more information on what glass is made of, see What_is_glass_made_of
The above information provided by Red Five Development, the makers of iPod / iPhone apps such as Brainwave Entrainment (audio for improving cognitive functioning) and FlashCards (for quizzing/studying anything you want to learn). See http://www.red5dev.com
EDIT: Lead salts are added to window glass to make it "sparkle", also. It also improves glasses's workability. The lead salts slow any UV rays passing, too. This is why it's hard to get a suntan through a closed window.
that is the model number and can be quite helpful in finding out the value of the vase.
Castles didn't have stain glass windows ( some do today because they have been added) because they were built for protection and defense.
Stained Glass was made by ironed metallic oxide salt were added into the mix wich was used to color it! Gold would create a red shape copper would create a grennish-blue and so on and so on
I found a website [see below] with very good information. Here it is and I hope it helps you too. It explains more than stained glass cutting.
Cutting of stained glass is almost a Zen experience. You have to know if the glass is warm enough, know the proper frying bacon sound that the scoring tool makes, and trust that when you flex with your thumbs that you won't sever anything important.
When it works it feels great. When it doesn't you are left with an oddly shaped piece of pricey waste glass.
The physical parts are:
because many people could not read in them days so the windows created a story for people to read.
because its cool
If you mean "can you block vision through the glass," yes. You can buy sheets of plastic decorative overlays that stick to glass as an add-on layer. They are available in varying colors, densities, and patterns that will block vision in varying degrees. When the overlays are applied correctly, the glass looks as though it had been manufactured with the color, density, or texture that you selected.
Here's a page I found with some recycled glass prices on it.
There wasn't any specific person who made stained glass windows, only the people that helped out in loony town
cupping the glass i think comes from the idea of warming brandy in a balloon glass with your hands so that as it warms you can breathe in the fumes from the brandy It is used in TCM, Traditional Chinese Medicine. It consists of glass cups that are applied to the skin after heat has been applied to them by a flame. The vacuum that is created when it cools draws out stagnant qi and toxins from the acupressure point where it is applied.
See the Related Links for "Answers.com: cupping glass" to the bottom for the answer.
1.The architecture in design of a mosque reflects the Islamic traditions as place of worship to be simple because Islam rejects worship of idols/icons to represent Allah.
Mosques therefore may have calligraphic designs of verses from the Koran (Persian traditions) but will never embed gemstones,alabaster,statues or ornate designs or even have a stained glass windows.
With exceptions to churches or other religious places ( worship by other religions )captured during the ottoman empire expansion/mogul rule to turn it into a mosques -stained glasses have been replaced by netted carved grills.
2.The Christian tradition follows the Roman tradition of architecture with icon representation of Christ/Mary or scenes of Nativity and Crucifixion/holy war.The stained glass technique was extended in the Roman Catholic traditions through early 7 century -medieval (Gothic)and Renaissance period till modern times.
3.Colored glass has been produced since ancient times. Both the Egyptians(pagan) and the Romans excelled at the manufacture of small coloured glass objects" (says Wikipedia on "Stained glass windows") but Rome (now this are MY notes) were the one who really embrace the use of this art as part of their religious culture.
"In Early Christian churches of the 4th and 5th centuries there are many remaining windows which are filled with ornate patterns of thinly-sliced alabaster set into wooden frames, giving a stained-glass like effect. Evidence of stained glass windows in churches and monasteries in Britain can be found as early as the 7th century. The earliest known reference dates from 675 CE when Benedict_Biscopimported workmen from France to glaze the windows of the monastery of St Peter which he was building at Monkwearmouth."
Stained glass was also used by Islamic_architecturein Southwest_Asiaby the 8th century, when the Alchemy_and_chemistry_in_IslamJÄbir_ibn_HayyÄn, in Kitab al-Durra al-Maknuna, gives 46 original recipes for producing coloured glass and describes the production of cutting glass into artificial Gemstone.http://wiki.answers.com/#cite_note-1
Wikipedia, on stained glass windows
to make it look nice
I wouldn't, superglue or CA glue when cured becomes very brittle, its like hard plastic, when your stained glass project flexes, (and it will) the the CA glue will crack and fail.
WD40 does all kinds of amazing things...try it. I have an e-mail forward listing all the uses for WD40. I'd be happy to send it to you. Contact me @firstname.lastname@example.org
The easiest way to remove wood stain from windows is to use the gel version of SHOUT (Laundry spot remover). I discovered this when I inadvertently removed the varnish and stain (right down to the white wood) from the foot of my sleigh bed while prepping the clothes. This year we moved into a 100+ year old house. I used the gel shout and q-tips to remove the wood stain from our stain glass windows in our foyer. The job was done w/in 45 min and I didn't need to use a razor blade. There wasn't a spec of wood stain on the windows and they shine! Just make sure you don't get the shout on the wood!
WD-40 might remove certain types of stain - I can't vouch for that - but it will leave an oily smear that will need cleaning off in turn. The initials by the way, stand for "Water Dispersant", its primary function. It will work, sort of, as a short-term lubricant and as a weak easing oil, but those are not its main functions (despite what it says on the tin!), and it can make things worse by washing existing lubricant away. It is good for cleaning oil off paintwork or metalwork but note that it will leave its own thin deposit. I think it's basically paraffin.
it was invented for religious reasons
Lead, in the form of lead oxide, PbO, is added to glass to stabilize the matrix and improve the working characteristics of the glass. As a flux, PbO lowers the melting point considerably, and it also decreases the viscosity of the material. Additionally, lead oxide changes (increases) the refractive index of the glass. Use the link below to check facts and learn more.
No, provided that you do not lick the lead around the glass panels.
Appreciate an answer as need to put in a plexiglass window to accomodate an air conditioner exhaust pipe for a portable ac
un vitrail, pl. des vitraux. (masc.)
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