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Thunderstorms and Lightning

Also referred to as a lightning storm, a thunderstorm is a weather form wherein thunder and lightning are present. Thunderstorms, most especially if accompanied by heavy rains and downburst winds, pose hazards to people and the environment.

14,134 Questions
Thunderstorms and Lightning
Giraffes

Are giraffes more likely to be struck by lightning?

According to a paper published in 2011 by one of the foremost experts on lightning safety, Chandima Gomes, "animals with a large separation between their front and back feet... are vulnerable to receive lightning injuries due to the dangerous potential differences that may built up between these feet, in the event of nearby lightning." The paper went on to say that taller animals like giraffes and elephants could be more susceptible to "side flashes," where lightning rebounds after striking a nearby tree.

Giraffes being long and tall, those two points seem to indicate that they’re more likely to be struck, but because the occurrence of lightning striking an animal is so rare, there is not enough numerical evidence to support the theory. According to Julian Fennessy, a Namibia-based conservationist and chair of the International Giraffe Working Group, "if you're in the wrong place at the wrong time you're susceptible—it's not that giraffes stand out like lightning rods."

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Plumbing
Physics
Thunderstorms and Lightning

Is it safe to take a shower during a thunderstorm?

No—in fact, the CDC encourages avoiding all water in your house during a thunderstorm. Your plumbing and the water coming out of it can conduct electricity if lightning strikes your home, and that can lead to you getting seriously hurt. Granted, this is a pretty rare occurrence, but experts still advise against it as an easy way to avoid something potentially fatal. You should wait half an hour after hearing the last boom of thunder before hopping into the shower.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

Does lightning come from the ground or the sky?

I am 100 percent sure that lightning comes from the clouds. The bottom part of the clouds are sometimes negatively charged and when they get near high objects (usually trees or tall buildings) they release all the negative charged atoms as plasma.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Sunglasses

Which sunglasses have the lightning bolt logo?

They're Electric

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Meteorology and Weather

Why doesn’t lightning travel in a straight line?

So it’s kind of a complicated process, but here’s the two-sentence version: Lightning is an electric current that takes the path of least resistance from the base of a cloud to the ground. Since the air it travels through is not uniform—variations in things like temperature, humidity, and pollutants determine how resistant air is to the charge—the lightning has to zig and zag to stay on that path.
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Meteorology and Weather
Thunderstorms and Lightning
Science Experiments

What is a byproduct of lightning?

The byproducts are:

- thunder

- ash (trees hit)

- fulgurites (strands of sand glass)

- ozone

- Buckminsterfullerenes : minute quantities of the fullerenes, in the form of C60, C70, C76, C82 and C84 molecules, are produced in nature, hidden in soot and formed by lightning discharges in the atmosphere

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

Do you hear thunder if lighting hits a plane?

yes ,it can.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Greek and Roman Mythologies

Why was the lightning bolt important in Greek mythology?

The lightning bolt as important in Greek Mythology because it was the symbol of Zeus, lord of the sky and ruler of Olympus

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Clouds
Thunderstorms and Lightning
Snow and Ice

Is hail made of ice crystals?

Yes. Hail is composed of ice and ice is a crystalline solid.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Tornadoes
Clouds

Can an isolated thunderstorm become a tornado?

A thunderstorm does not become a tornado. It can produce one.

Yes, though. If the atmosphere is unstable enough and there is enough low-level wind shear, then an isolated storm can produce a tornado.

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Health
Thunderstorms and Lightning

What parts of the body are most vulnerable to lightning damage?

Many victims of lightning strikes die from burns and heart failure, and non-fatal strikes have been known to cause moderate to severe damage to the central nervous system. Many victims with neural damage report severe and intractable pain and neuropathy for the rest of their lives.

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Birds
Thunderstorms and Lightning
Flightless Birds

Can bird eggs be killed by thunder?

Thunder is a pressure wave that wears out by the time it reaches tree level. Lightning however can knock down trees or catch them on fire, two things that could easily kill birds in their eggs.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

Can you get struck by thunder?

No, you can't get struck by thunder. Thunder is only sound but you can get struck by lightening. But it's less likely to get struck. On average, in the United States, 40 people die a year. But a lot of people do survive and live normally after getting struck by lightening so don't worry.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

What is a long line of severe thunderstorms?

It is called a Squall Line

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

What happens after a thunderstorm?

after a lightning storm there is no more storm

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Environmental Issues
Population

How do hail storms effect the population?

It can kill people or make the people hate the plce to leave and it is a sign of GOD'S JUDGEMENT!

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Physics
Thunderstorms and Lightning

Does sound travel faster than light or slower?

Slower. Nothing goes faster than light, which travels at a speed of 300.000 km/second, or 186.000 miles/second. Sound travels through our air at the speed of about 343 metres/second, or 0,343 km/second, which is 1.125 feet/second, which is in its turn about 0,213 miles/second.

That's a big difference, isn't it?

Actually, it has been discovered neutrinos may travel faster than the speed of light, not actual relevant to the question but a very exciting possibility i would say.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Fishing

Is it safe to go fishing during a storm?

No! That is VERY RISKY! See, if it's a lightning storm, lightning might come down and hit your rod as you cast it out. Also if you're fly fishing and stand in the water lightning might hit it and the electricity will go to your body. Another reason is that the storm might turn into a tornado! I'm sure you know how bad that is. And, if you still don't believe me, just last week in a terrible lightning storm a guy was walking home from fishing because it was raining. Later on it turned into a massive lightning storm. He ducked under a tree (bad idea) and the tree got hit by lightning which hit him too. At that very moment he died! I read that in the death section in my local newspaper. So once again don't fish during a storm EVER!

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

If lightning strikes the ocean while you are in it how close does the strike have to be for you to feel it?

  • If you can hear thunder, the lightning strike has already occurred since thunder is only a sonic boom caused by lightning. In order for you to feel an electric shock an electric current must pass through your body. For a current to pass through your body, your body must complete the circuit from an electrostatically charged cloud to earth/ground (in this example the ocean is the electrical earth/ground). Salt water is a great conductor of electricity/lightning and thus would immediately discharge the lightning strike. Unless the strike actually hits you, you are not in the circuit and would therefore feel nothing from a strike into the ocean - no matter how close. Consider the case of a bird perched on a high voltage supply line (maybe 440,000 volts). The bird is charged with 440,000 volts of electricity alright, but there is no circuit to ground/earth/ocean, thus the bird is not electrocuted and feels nothing.
  • The sea is not like your bath tub, as the sea is much much larger than even a very big bath tub. After all, there is lightning hitting some part of the oceans some place, some where, every minute of every day, isn't there? If it were just like dropping a radio into a bath tub, then people playing in the ocean at Virginia Beach would be shocked to death whenever lightning struck the water off the coast of South Africa. But we know that doesn't happen. Water has resistance. Salt water has a lower resistance than drinking water, but it does have some resistance. That resistance is cumulative per unit of volume of water. As the distance grows from the strike point to the observer, the amount of energy observable is less.
  • Resistance is not the major determination whether the one feels it, it is dependant on the voltage and current in that strike (changed by how far electricity has to travel, humidity, size of clouds, etc.). To see why, look at how lightning works: friction, among other things, releases negative electrons in the sky. In a storm this charge of electrons that have no place to go become attracted to the positive charged earth and take that leap. They hit the water and spread. Everything that has room takes an electron (ionizes) and the charge dissipates. My speculation is that after 100 feet or so you probably wouldn't feel it too much. Is someone going to jump in the water during a storm? It isn't recommended.
  • Salt water is a much better conductor than fresh. Salt water contains positive and negative ions (Na+ and Cl-), which lower its resistance. Fresh water, which contains fewer ions to transport charge, will have a higher resistance. Thinking about it a little longer: V=IR, where V = voltage, I = current, and R = resistance. In the case of a lightning bolt, I would imagine you could consider it a two resistor system, the water between you and the strike being the first resistor, and you being the second. Voltage will be supplied by the lightning bolt. The voltage will drop after traveling through the water. If there is enough voltage to provide a large enough current through yourself then you will feel it.
  • What a person will feel (1ma), will kill them (10ma) is not directly based on distance from the strike, it is based on the voltage gradient (across the person), which is determined by the distance from the strike and the other paths that the charge can take to Earth. So, it is not linear or easily calculated because of the many different variables.
  • First, pure water is an insulator. Salt and impurities make it conduct. Second, you cannot separate voltage, current and resistance. They are related to each other. The voltage of the lightning strike, along with the resistance of the water determines the current allowed to flow. Current is limited by resistance. Current can be increased by increasing voltage or decreasing resistance. Therefore, the distance from the strike will increase resistance and therefore decrease current; voltage will drop as well (as in a voltage divider circuit). There are several laws that I can think of, (multiples of resistance, etc) that would probably help answer the question, but it's just not that simple. It's not even known why lightning "chooses" the path it takes in the first place. Bottom line, if you can see lightning, get out of the water.
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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Percy Jackson and the Olympians

Who gave Riptide to Percy Jackson?

It was a gift from Poseidon. Poseidon gave it to Chiron to give to Percy once he came to Camp Half Blood.

Also, Zoe gave it to Percy in his dream in The Titan's Curse.

Actually, the dream was scene from the past of when Zoe went against her family to help a demigod (Hercules).

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

What damage is caused by thunder?

minor to severe damage like trees almost or cut in half or if a lightning strike strike your house or chimney then the chimney would collapsed causing damage to your home your outside property or other places say if a house is near a building and a lightning strike hit the house or chimney then it collapsed hitting the building causing severe damage to the building and the house

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Physics
Thunderstorms and Lightning
Electrical Engineering

Can lightning strike a flying parachute or bird?

Yes, quite easily and often.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning

How can a thunderstorm hurt people?

  1. thunders is loud
  2. lightning can strike you
  3. if thunderstorms bring hail or tornadoes then hail going to knock you out and tornadoes can throw or hurt you
  4. heavy rains or flashflooding can create other disasters like car crashes or your car drowns along with you
  5. lightning cause fire on dry areas
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Thunderstorms and Lightning

How does lightning help the environment?

Lightning causes nitrogen in the atmosphere to form compounds such as ammonia. In this form the nitrogen can be used by plants and from there by other living things.

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Thunderstorms and Lightning
Animated and Children's Movies
Percy Jackson and the Olympians

In the chapter 15 of the lightning thief Annabeth says even strength has to bow to wisdom is that true or would you rather be exceptionally strong or exceptionally wise and why?

It is true because if you were a wimpy person and had a big group of wimpy people , but they were smart they would no all the right ways to attack. Exceptionally wise.

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