Thunderstorms and Lightning

Also referred to as a lightning storm, a thunderstorm is a weather form wherein thunder and lightning are present. Thunderstorms, most especially if accompanied by heavy rains and downburst winds, pose hazards to people and the environment.

Asked in Meteorology and Weather, Thunderstorms and Lightning, Science Experiments

What is a byproduct of lightning?

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The byproducts are: - thunder - ash (trees hit) - fulgurites (strands of sand glass) - ozone - Buckminsterfullerenes : minute quantities of the fullerenes, in the form of C60, C70, C76, C82 and C84 molecules, are produced in nature, hidden in soot and formed by lightning discharges in the atmosphere
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Greek and Roman Mythologies

Why was the lightning bolt important in Greek mythology?

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The lightning bolt as important in Greek Mythology because it was the symbol of Zeus, lord of the sky and ruler of Olympus
Asked in Clouds, Thunderstorms and Lightning, Snow and Ice

Is hail made of ice crystals?

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Yes. Hail is composed of ice and ice is a crystalline solid.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Tornadoes, Clouds

Can an isolated thunderstorm become a tornado?

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A thunderstorm does not become a tornado. It can produce one. Yes, though. If the atmosphere is unstable enough and there is enough low-level wind shear, then an isolated storm can produce a tornado.
Asked in Health, Thunderstorms and Lightning

What parts of the body are most vulnerable to lightning damage?

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Many victims of lightning strikes die from burns and heart failure, and non-fatal strikes have been known to cause moderate to severe damage to the central nervous system. Many victims with neural damage report severe and intractable pain and neuropathy for the rest of their lives.
Asked in Birds, Thunderstorms and Lightning, Flightless Birds

Can bird eggs be killed by thunder?

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Thunder is a pressure wave that wears out by the time it reaches tree level. Lightning however can knock down trees or catch them on fire, two things that could easily kill birds in their eggs.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

Can you get struck by thunder?

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No, you can't get struck by thunder. Thunder is only sound but you can get struck by lightening. But it's less likely to get struck. On average, in the United States, 40 people die a year. But a lot of people do survive and live normally after getting struck by lightening so don't worry.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

What happens after a thunderstorm?

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after a lightning storm there is no more storm
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Environmental Issues, Population

How do hail storms effect the population?

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It can kill people or make the people hate the plce to leave and it is a sign of GOD'S JUDGEMENT!
Asked in Physics, Thunderstorms and Lightning

Does sound travel faster than light or slower?

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Slower. Nothing goes faster than light, which travels at a speed of 300.000 km/second, or 186.000 miles/second. Sound travels through our air at the speed of about 343 metres/second, or 0,343 km/second, which is 1.125 feet/second, which is in its turn about 0,213 miles/second. That's a big difference, isn't it? Actually, it has been discovered neutrinos may travel faster than the speed of light, not actual relevant to the question but a very exciting possibility i would say.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

If lightning strikes the ocean while you are in it how close does the strike have to be for you to feel it?

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If you can hear thunder, the lightning strike has already occurred since thunder is only a sonic boom caused by lightning. In order for you to feel an electric shock an electric current must pass through your body. For a current to pass through your body, your body must complete the circuit from an electrostatically charged cloud to earth/ground (in this example the ocean is the electrical earth/ground). Salt water is a great conductor of electricity/lightning and thus would immediately discharge the lightning strike. Unless the strike actually hits you, you are not in the circuit and would therefore feel nothing from a strike into the ocean - no matter how close. Consider the case of a bird perched on a high voltage supply line (maybe 440,000 volts). The bird is charged with 440,000 volts of electricity alright, but there is no circuit to ground/earth/ocean, thus the bird is not electrocuted and feels nothing. The sea is not like your bath tub, as the sea is much much larger than even a very big bath tub. After all, there is lightning hitting some part of the oceans some place, some where, every minute of every day, isn't there? If it were just like dropping a radio into a bath tub, then people playing in the ocean at Virginia Beach would be shocked to death whenever lightning struck the water off the coast of South Africa. But we know that doesn't happen. Water has resistance. Salt water has a lower resistance than drinking water, but it does have some resistance. That resistance is cumulative per unit of volume of water. As the distance grows from the strike point to the observer, the amount of energy observable is less. Resistance is not the major determination whether the one feels it, it is dependant on the voltage and current in that strike (changed by how far electricity has to travel, humidity, size of clouds, etc.). To see why, look at how lightning works: friction, among other things, releases negative electrons in the sky. In a storm this charge of electrons that have no place to go become attracted to the positive charged earth and take that leap. They hit the water and spread. Everything that has room takes an electron (ionizes) and the charge dissipates. My speculation is that after 100 feet or so you probably wouldn't feel it too much. Is someone going to jump in the water during a storm? It isn't recommended. Salt water is a much better conductor than fresh. Salt water contains positive and negative ions (Na+ and Cl-), which lower its resistance. Fresh water, which contains fewer ions to transport charge, will have a higher resistance. Thinking about it a little longer: V=IR, where V = voltage, I = current, and R = resistance. In the case of a lightning bolt, I would imagine you could consider it a two resistor system, the water between you and the strike being the first resistor, and you being the second. Voltage will be supplied by the lightning bolt. The voltage will drop after traveling through the water. If there is enough voltage to provide a large enough current through yourself then you will feel it. What a person will feel (1ma), will kill them (10ma) is not directly based on distance from the strike, it is based on the voltage gradient (across the person), which is determined by the distance from the strike and the other paths that the charge can take to Earth. So, it is not linear or easily calculated because of the many different variables. First, pure water is an insulator. Salt and impurities make it conduct. Second, you cannot separate voltage, current and resistance. They are related to each other. The voltage of the lightning strike, along with the resistance of the water determines the current allowed to flow. Current is limited by resistance. Current can be increased by increasing voltage or decreasing resistance. Therefore, the distance from the strike will increase resistance and therefore decrease current; voltage will drop as well (as in a voltage divider circuit). There are several laws that I can think of, (multiples of resistance, etc) that would probably help answer the question, but it's just not that simple. It's not even known why lightning "chooses" the path it takes in the first place. Bottom line, if you can see lightning, get out of the water.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Fishing

Is it safe to go fishing during a storm?

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No! That is VERY RISKY! See, if it's a lightning storm, lightning might come down and hit your rod as you cast it out. Also if you're fly fishing and stand in the water lightning might hit it and the electricity will go to your body. Another reason is that the storm might turn into a tornado! I'm sure you know how bad that is. And, if you still don't believe me, just last week in a terrible lightning storm a guy was walking home from fishing because it was raining. Later on it turned into a massive lightning storm. He ducked under a tree (bad idea) and the tree got hit by lightning which hit him too. At that very moment he died! I read that in the death section in my local newspaper. So once again don't fish during a storm EVER!
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

What damage is caused by thunder?

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minor to severe damage like trees almost or cut in half or if a lightning strike strike your house or chimney then the chimney would collapsed causing damage to your home your outside property or other places say if a house is near a building and a lightning strike hit the house or chimney then it collapsed hitting the building causing severe damage to the building and the house
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Percy Jackson and the Olympians

Who gave Riptide to Percy Jackson?

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It was a gift from Poseidon. Poseidon gave it to Chiron to give to Percy once he came to Camp Half Blood. Also, Zoe gave it to Percy in his dream in The Titan's Curse. Actually, the dream was scene from the past of when Zoe went against her family to help a demigod (Hercules).
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

How can a thunderstorm hurt people?

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thunders is loud lightning can strike you if thunderstorms bring hail or tornadoes then hail going to knock you out and tornadoes can throw or hurt you heavy rains or flashflooding can create other disasters like car crashes or your car drowns along with you lightning cause fire on dry areas
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

How does lightning help the environment?

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Lightning causes nitrogen in the atmosphere to form compounds such as ammonia. In this form the nitrogen can be used by plants and from there by other living things.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Tornadoes

What makes a thunderstorm become a tornado?

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A thunderstorm does not become a tornado, it produces them. How exactly thunderstorm produce tornadoes, but this is the best theory so far. First you need a special kind of thunderstorm called a supercell. This is a powerful, rotating thunderstorm. The rotation is especially strong at an updraft called a mesocyclone. If the strong strengthens fast enough a special kind of downdraft may descend from the back of the storm and wrap around the bottom part of the mesocyclone. This forces it to become smaller and can bring it down to the ground. As the rotation gets smaller it speeds up, producing a tornado.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Tornadoes

Why should you stay low to the ground if you are caught outside during a thunderstorm?

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There could be positive charges on the ground so chouch on all 4s & keep your head low. Do not lie on the ground full-lengh.
Asked in Physics, Airplanes and Aircraft, Thunderstorms and Lightning

How do airplanes that are hit by lightning keep flying?

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The lightning is dissipated off the rear of the wings by special wires.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning, Hard Disk Drives

Can lightning wipe out your hard drive?

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Well, during normal circumstances it should not. Hard drive is a magnetic media that stores pieces of information. If there is strong magnetic or electric field really nearby, it can wipe it out. But it should be very, very strong. So unless lightning hits really really close your computer, do not worry. Or unless it gets a direct hit. But for example, it is not wise to store your USB keys next to your mobile phone, since mobiles emit electromagnetic field in order to connect to the network.
Asked in Thunderstorms and Lightning

How does lightning cause thunder?

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when lightning strikes it opens up a hole in the air called channel then after lightning strike air collapsed back in creating soundwaves called thunder