Bloody deadly dumb
Lakota weapons were just the same as those of their neighbours on the Great Plains, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crows, Blackfoot and others - the differences were in decoration and sometimes the types of materials used.
Missile weapons were limited to bows and arrows, with spears, clubs, knives and hatchets for hand-to-hand fighting. Circular hide shields were often carried; these were generally quite small and usually between 17 and 23 inches across (43 to 59 cms).
The arrival of White traders made metal arrowheads, knife blades and axes available; knife blades were sometimes set in a large wooden handle to make a fearsome war club. Guns of various types were also obtained in trade, though often with very limited supplies of ammunition.
Lakota warriors would often carry "non-weapons", including coup sticks, crooked lances and feathered staffs which had religious, status and warrior society significance. Simply striking an enemy ("counting coup") with a decorated stick was considered more of an achievement than killing him from a distance, since he was still in a position to fight back.
The links below take you to images of Lakota weapons:
A bolt action .22 singleshot rifle with a nylon stock manufactured 1962-1964. My guide suggests a value of $100 - $125 in Very Good to Excellent condition.
There were 17,000 Cherokee plus, 2,000 Black slaves they owned that marched on the Trail of Tears. The estimated deaths on the trail run from a low of around 500 and a high of around 8,000. There isn't a separate breakdown for the slaves that I have found.
Actually the answer is none. The "Trail of Tears" was less than one years time 1838-9. The actual forced removal after the "round up" of Cherokee remaining in the So. East did not include any slaves. By all accounts everything of any value was taken from the Cherokee before. They were not allowed to take anything when they were forced out of their homes at gun point. Then locked up in stockades as prisoners before being marched 2,000 miles to Indian Territory. As the Cherokee were marched out of their homes the whites were walking in the back door & stealing/claiming anything of value, possessions, livestock & slaves included. Or were "claimed" for often fraudulent "debts" from the Cherokee. Georgia had already carried out a lottery for the Cherokee's land & "improvements". So anything there was up for grabs. The Gov. did not even allow a payment for soap to be used on the way. Slaves were "property" & as such were not allowed for by the Gov. The transport of "personal property" (slaves) would not be payed for. To be sure yes the Cherokee did own slaves. However most were "mixedbloods" like Major Ridge & the others of the "treaty party" who signed the illegal "treaty of 1835". They were rich in their own right & moved to Indian territory at their own expense before the "forced removal" (Trail where they cried) "Trail of Tears". Many Cherokee had moved West from right after the Revolutionary War & formed what was called the "western" or "Old Settlers" prior to 1838.
Because they eventually started stealing land from the Cherokees.
The treaty of New Echota was intended to steal land from the Cherokee, even though the treay before that one promised that the US Government would not take any more land. The Cherokee tribe refused to sign the treaty, so the US Government asked a few US Citizens to sign it on behalf of the tribe (for money) and they did. The US Supreme court found that the treaty was invalid; but that did not stop the government from taking the land anyway.
because the Cherokee were forced to leave their homes, and about 4000 died on the march.
Squaw, from the Massachuset (Algonquian) eshqua, was commonly used for a North American native woman. Perhaps a little insensitive nowadays.
Red Indian is insulting and 100 years out of date.
Names for native American or first nations women include Mary and Jane.
Notes on term usages:
Squaw originated as simple term; it was quickly changed however to represent an Indian woman who sold herself for sex. There are very few Native Americans today who would not perform 'brutal acts of savage conduct' on you for using the term today. The same goes for the term "Red Indian" or "Redskin" although your chance of survival is higher with the use of the latter terms.
Native American women are called: Women, Woman, Mother (as by us they are likened to the Great Spirit), Lady, Ma'am, Mom & Mother; Susie, Tara, Lisa - and more. These people, these human beings, are different from you in only their cultural belief systems.
This was a forced marches of several tribes starting in 1831. The Choctaw became the first to be removed and their removal was a model for future relocations. After 2 wars the Seminoles were removed in 1832 and the Creek in 1834, Chickasaw in 1837, and finally the Cherokee in 1838. Along with the tribes were spouses, African Americans, and slaves. By 1837 46,000 Native Americans had been removed from their lands. This open 25 million acres for white settlers. The largest death toll comes from the forced relocation of the Cherokee. In 1838 the remaining Cherokee were rounded into camps and of over 700 people. Disease spread quickly throughout the closely quartered groups. The marchers were subject to violence along the route and they were forced to march in the hottest and coldest months. This killed many from exposure, disease, and starvation, harassment by local frontiersman, and lack of rations. Up to one-third of the Choctaw and others died on the march.
Hello Bill, Your question must be more specific as to the type and model of the Remington in question. ie pistol, rifle, or shotgun? which model? Then the condition, and even the finish, or how much of it is left will have a bearing on the value. The prime value will be the firearm itself. The fact that it was taken on the Trail of Tears will add a few dollars to the value, but only if such use can be documented. The best place to get the value on any Remington is the Remington Society of America web site. www.remingtonsociety.com They have folks who specialize in all of the different types and models that Remington made. Good luck in your search. Dan P. If you are speaking of the trail of tears tribute rifle, I have seen them anywhere from 400.00 to 900.
I see them listed from $150 to $300+. Depends on condition as to top-end price.
the Indians were forced to move west, due to the Indian removal act. Andrew Jackson was on the side that wanted them out, so he sent General Winfield Scott and 7000 troops along with him to remove the Indians. it was very cold and many died from disease or from the weather. it was a very difficult walk.
Also when the Indians where forced to move, they were moved with no notification and were not allowed to collect belongings, and were always held at gunpoint. The commander of the militia encouraged soldiers to help the Indians and give special care to the weak and sick, but regardless of his efforts the Indians were brutally abused by the soldiers and over 4000 Indians died because of sickness, cold, and abuse.
The forced movement of Indians out of the south -apex
They hunted game to eat (Apex 2020)
No, the Lumbee ancestors did not participate in the Trail of Tears,the Lumbee/croatan were not considered native American at that time or self-identify as Indians.
Lumbee/Croatan have no native American Indian language ,have no Indian words or names and have never spoken any native American language.The Lumbee self-identify as Indian.
The people now calling themselves Lumbee are a mixed race group who are mostly White-Black with a smidge of Native blood(of indeterminate tribal affiliation). They had to downplay their African or mixed heritage and exigerate and overstate their "Native American" identity because of the intense racism in the past. They have been identified as mixed black/white ancestry from the 1700s and were speaking ENGLISH even in the earliest historical references. A considerable amount of genealogical research shows the majority of the founding "Lumbee" families descend from free black males and white females that came down from early Virginia settlements.
They participated in colonial life as "individuals" not as any recognized tribe. Paying taxes, buying property, mustering in colonial and American militias same as all other colonials.
Early colonial records list Lumbee ancestors "as is all "free negors "and mulattos" on kings land and that "no Indians "live in Robeson County area.
They were "never identified as an intact tribe that entered into a treaty with the US.
They initially put forward an origin story that they were the descendants of the "Lost Colony." Then it was Croatan then a Cherokee origin and then Sioux
In response to the Southern White backlash to Reconstruction and the tightening of racial laws, the people now calling themselves Lumbee really began to assert their Indian identity. They petitioned for federal recognition as Cherokees. Then a splinter group began to identify as Tuscarora. Now they claim to be descended from Cheraw or "Siouan" people. Their claim of origins has historically been changing for centuries. The Lumbee DNA project indicates that the Native American element makes up only a very small fractional component of their ancestry (both on the mtDNA and Y-DNA lines).No definite Native American markers have been attributed to individuals that self-identify as Lumbee. The bottom line is they are a distinct people who created the name "Lumbee" around 1957 for their group after the Lumber river .There is really no indigenous culture or Language that can be pointed to or attributed to Lumbee and definitely no "full bloods" around.The Cheraw origin is a recentnew theory but has no scientific backing.The cheraw went extinct in the early 1700,s.The Lumbee in 2010 joined with a Casino firm Lewin Int.LLC to work on getting gaming and a Casino and are now seeking full federal recognition to receive funding.
the number of people who died on the trail
The Government wanted the Cherokee (Indians) off their land because there was gold found on there.
In mint shape about 450.00--in good shape about 350.00
nunna dual tsuny
somewhere between $150- $300 depending on condition!
Roughly 2000 Some Cherokee (and other tribes) chose to stay in their homeland and in the case of the Cherokee, became 'citizens' of the state where they were located as to avoid being relocated. Some went to Oklahoma and then returned because they didn't like the conditions there. The choice was to stay and become an 'American Citizen' or be removed.
We're going to assume it is a standard-grade gun in typical condition, which would put it about $150. Really mint-condition Model 17 shotguns can bring $350-$400, especially if it has the solid rib. firstname.lastname@example.org
Cherokees did not use shot guns and only the Winchester or Remington. The 44 caliber Remington is worth approximately $1,795.00 (be careful of replicas.)
The trail was 2,200 miles. Many Native Americans suffered from exposure, disease and starvation on the route to their destinations. Many died, including 60,000 of the 130,000 relocated Cherokee, intermarried and accompanying European-Americans, and the 2,000 African-Americanfree blacks and slaves owned by the Cherokee they took with them. European Americans and African American freedmen and slaves also participated in the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek and Seminole forced relocations.
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