Tuskegee Airmen

During World War 2, the Tuskegee Airmen became the first African American pilots to serve and see combat in the US military. There were over 80 of these pilots that died in combat or accidents, and over 30 that were taken as prisoners of war. The Tuskegee Airmen served while the United States military was still under the segregation of the Jim Crow laws.

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Why did the Tuskegee Airmen project end?

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It ended when the war ended; a number of military units (including white units, as well as black ones) were disbanded when combat ceased and there was no longer any need for them. The Tuskegee Airman had performed their job with distinction and now (by 1946), that job was finished. But many remained in the military. After President Truman desegregated the armed forces in the late 1940s, a number of the Airmen were hired by the U.S. Air Force, where they served as flight instructors or trainers.
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When were Tuskegee Airmen recognized?

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I seem to remember it was in the 1990s sometime and I have given you a web link to the Tuskegee Airmen Association so you can get the exact date from them.
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How many Tuskegee Airmen are living?

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Around 58 Tuskegee Airman were still alive as of December 2010. You can ask the Tuskegee Airmen association for the latest count. See link below.
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Did the success of the Tuskegee Airmen significantly break down a policy of racial segregation in the armed forces during World War 2?

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No. The armed force remained firmly segregated until President Truman ordered an end to the practice in 1948. Michael Montagne NO! It should have, but it didn't, as can be seen by the needed efforts of Dr. Martin Luther King. In fact Black people had participated in every American war, with no lessening in racial discrimination. Sad but true. The first step towards ending discrimination was the Korean War, followed by the Army allowing Black people to join the Army on a reasonably equal basis, and with a fairly equal opportunity for advancement. Once people worked side by side with one another the attitudes towards Black people started fading with some, a great step in the right direction. From memories, John No, from an American WWII bomber pilot veteran that I talked to. There was still racism. Yes. The black nation was respected as an elite Airforce.
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Where did the Tuskegee Airmen serve?

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Overseas, in Italy, as part of the 12th US Army Air Force.
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What are the names of the Tuskegee Airmen?

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Carl L. McNeal Charles Adams Paul Adams Rutherford H. Adkins Winston A. Adkins George B. Agard Halbert L. Alexander Harvey R. Alexander Robert M. Alexander Walter G. Alexander Carl Allen Clarence W. Allen Walter H. Alllen James Allison Noel Alsbrook William Alsbrook Emet R. Anders Harry B. Anderson Robert D. Anderson S.E. Anderson William S. Anderson Louis H. Anderson Emet R. Andrews Lee A. Archer Richard S. Armstead William P. Armstrong James Arnold Willie Ashby Robert "Bob" Ashley Charles Bailey Daniel J. Bailey Harry L. Bailey Henry Bailey Karrie G. Bailey William H. Bailey Gil Baker Alton F. Bailard George A. Bales Wiliam A. Banks Henry C. Barland Gentry E. Barnes Edwin Barnett Herman A. Barnett W.R. Barley Howard L. Baugh Charles A. Beard Walter S. Beard Frandin B. Beck Celsus E. Beguesse Charles E. Bell George Bell John J. Bell Richard H. Bell Rual W. Bell A.A. Bellamy John R. Beverly Luzine B. Bickham Reuban B. Bibo George L. Bing Edward Bishop C.C. Jr. Bivens Samuel A. Black Unson Blackney Hundson R. Blackwell Evert P. Blake Joseph H. Blaylock Joseph M. Bloedoom Eliot H. Blue George R. Boiling Edgar L. Bolden George R. Bolden Leonelle H. Bonam Paul J. Bonseigneur, Jr. William "Bill" Booker Buroe T. Bowens Robert F. Bowens Edward Bowman Henry P. Bowman Leroy Bowman Robert Boyd Clarence Bradford Bentrand U. Braitwaite Charles Brandley Evertt A. Brantley Virgil Brashenes, Jr. P.T. Braswell Harold Brazil Fred L. Brewer Chauncey Brewstar John F. Briggs Alexander M. Bright Samuel L. Broadnax William E. Broedwater Milton R. Brooks Sidney P. Brooks James E. Brothers C.L. Browder Augustus G. Brown Eddie L. Brown Gene Brown George A. Brown, Jr. George L. Brown H.H. "Buick" Brown H.H. "Olds" Brown Harold "Marrying" Brown James B. Brown Ralph H. Brown Robert S. Brown Roger Brown Reginald A. Bruce Roger B. Bruce Samual M. Bruce Grady E. Bryant Leroy Jr. Bryant Joseph C. Bryant, Jr. James O. Bryson Robert t. Buick Benjamine P. Bullock John A. Burch, III Emmel C. Burke Isham A. Burns Chester R. Burton Charles M. Bussey Broeua Butler Ivan G. Bynce Rollin B. Byrum Paul F. Byrd Willie L. Byrd Ernest M. Cabule, Jr. Richard C. Caesar Leroy Cain William L. Cain Marshal S. Caldness Langston H. Caldwell James A. Calhoun Julus W. Calloway Herman R, Jr. Campbell McWheeler Campbell Oscar V. Campbell William A. Campbell Carl E. Carey Carey Carl Julis Carrel Charles R. Carrington Alfred Q. Carroll, Jr. Bullet Bill Carter Clarence J. Carter Herbert E. Carter James D. Carter James Y. Carter Lorenzo A. Carter Lott S. Carter Richard B. Carter Eugene Cash, Jr. George R. Cattin Robert C. Chandler Roy M. Chappell Terry J. Charlton John H. Chavis Eugene C. Cheatham Corrad Cheek James R. Chichester Jack Chin Joseph L. Chineworth Joseph A. Christmas Arnold W. Cisco George Cisco Herbert V. Clark Lawrence O. Creek Terry J. Clarkton Melvin A. Clayton Emile Clifton Marcel Clyne Wilson N. Cobbs Samuel Cobert James Coleman William C. Coleman William J. Coleman Francis B. Coffer Garald Coffins Russel L. Coffins James M. Conley Joseph W. Conndry Victor Connel Clarence C. Corway Clarance C. Corway Martin L. Cook Charles W. Cooper Waltar T. Cooper Mathew J. Carbin William Cousins Augustus Cousins, Jr. Edwin T. Cowen Hannbel "Killer" Cox Albert A. Craig Lewis W. Craig Leon Creed Woodrow W. Crockett E. Croom William Cross Herndon M. Cummings George R. Currl Joseph C.Curry Samuel L.Curls William J.Curtis, Jr. Lamual Custis Harry J. Daniels Robert Daniels Roland H. Daniels Virgil A. Daniels Charles E. Darnell Clarance W. Dart, Jr. Alfonzo W. Davis Benjamin O. Davis John W. Davis Richard Davis Charles Debow Albert R. Decatur Carl Deiz Robert W. Deiz Joseph Dejoyle Logan Delary John Denisis Eugene A. Derricotte Alvin G. Deste Harry J. Devenport Luther R. Deverport Charles W. Dickanson Harry R. Dickanson Page LaRoi Dickerson Tammermund Dickerson Lawerance E. Dickson Othel Dickson Charles W. Diggs Edward T. Dixon Lawerance C. Dooley Edward D. Doram Charles J. Dorkins Andrew H. Doswell Edgar A. Doswell, Jr. Clarence R. Dougan Crawford B. Dowdell Walter M. Downs Elwood T. Driver Red Driver Charles H. Drummond Edward Drummond Charles Dryden Charles Duke Harrison R. Duke Roger B. Duncan Beverly Dunjhil Alwayne M. Dunlap Charles A. Dunne Wilson V. Eagleson Frank C. Eason Julius P. Echols Edward A. Edghill Eugene Edmonds James E. Edward Jerome Edwards John E. Edwards William H. Edwards Jose Elfalan Spurgeon N. Elington Carl F. Ellis John Ellis William B. Ellis Joseph D. Ellsberry Walter English Maurice V. Esters Lloyd J. Eugene Warren H. Eusan James A. Evans James Ewing Harven P.Exurn Perq J. Exurn William H. Farley William J. Faulkner Arthur Faunteroy Henry T. Fears Clarence C. Finley, Jr. William C. Fisher Thomas M. Flake Rutledge H. Fleming, Jr. Henri Frank Fletcher Edward Flowers Clarence L. Forbes Harry E. Ford, Jr. Samuel J. Foreman Walter T. Foreman William V. Francis George E. Franklin Reginald A. Freeman Jefferson Friday Stewart B. Fulbright Alfonso Fuller Samuel L. Fuller William H. Fuller Willie Fuller Frederick D. Funderburg Oscar C. Gadson, Jr. Thurston L. Gaines Roger Gallor Howard Gamble Morris E. Gant Herbert C. Garland Robert L. Garrison Alfred E. Garrott, Jr. Joseph E. Gesh Aaron C. Geskins Wilbur I. George Edward M. Gibson John A. Gibson George W. Giddings Ivie V. Giles Leroy F. Gilleed Marcus L. Gittens Clemenceau M. Givings Thomas Gladden Walter S. Gladding Robert H. Glass Dudley M. Glasse Edward C. Gleed Newman C. Golden Charles S. Goldsby Lloyd R. Goldson Joseph P. Gomer O. Oliver Goodall Purnell J. Goodenough Luther A. Goodwin Elmer L. Gordan Joseph E. Gordon Robert A. Gordon William M. Gordon Alfred M. Gorham Cornelius Gould Claude B. Govan Louis J. Grady Orgrette B. Graham George E. Gray Leo G. Gray George Greary Chubby Green James L. Green Paul I. Green Smith W. Green Terry Green William W. Green, Jr. George B. Greenlee James W. Greer Jarrold D. Griffin Joseph R. Griffin William E. Griffin Weldon K. Groves Eberle J. Gilbaud Eugene L. Guyton L. E. Hailburton George J. Haley Charles B. Hall Charles R. Hall Melvin S. Hall Milton R. Hall Richard W. Hall Walter D. Hall Leonard C. Hall, Jr. John L. Hamilton Seabron G. Hamilton George P. Harbert, Jr. Argome F. Harden Richard S. Harder George E. Hardy Arthur C. Harmon Samuel W. Harper Aaron Harrington Alfonso L. Harris Archie H. Harris Bernard Harris Cassius Harris III Donald S. Harris Edward Harris Herbert Harris James E. Harris John S. Harris Louis K. Harris Maceo A. Harris Richard H. Harris, Jr. Andrew Harrison James E. Harrison Lonnie Harrison John L. Harrison, Jr. James P. Harston William J. Hart Denzel T. Harvey James H. Harvey Morris M. Hatchett Lloyd Hathcock Donald A. Hawkins Kenneth R. Hawkins Thomas L. Hawkins George K. Hays Milton S. Hays William Hayward Ernest Haywood Thomas W. Haywood Vernon Haywood Eugene R. Henderson Milton R. Henry Oscar A. Henry Warren E. Henry Carter V. Herbert Walter B. Herron Henry P. Hervey Herbert H. Heywood Earl S. Highbeugh Richard B. Highbeugh Charles A. Hill, Jr. Charles D. Hill Ernest J. Hill Nathaniel M. Hill Thomas D. Hill William E.Hill Louis G. Hill, Jr. Harold A. Hillery Wendell W. Hockaday Bascom F. Hodge Beertrand J. Holbert William H. Holloman, III Jack D. Holsclaw Tommy Hood Moses Hopkins Vernon Hopson James L. Horace Stephen Holesse James P. Howard Lincoln T. Hudson Perry E. Hudson, Jr. Daniel E. Hughes Charles H. Hunter Henry A. Hunter John H. Hunter Marcellus L. Hunter Samuel C. Hunter Willie S. Hunter James A. Hurd Sylvester H. Hurd, Jr. James R. Hurley Wesley D. Hurt Herbert C. Huston Freddie Hutchins Oscar D. Hutton, Jr. George Iles Wellington G. Irving Spencer P. Isabelle Charles L. Jackson Chuck Jackson Frank A. Jackson Leonard M. Jackson Melvin T. Jackson William T. Jackson Julian D. Jackson, Jr. Marvin S. Jacobs Daniel "Chappie" James Felix James Voris S. James Charles F. Jamison Clarence Jamison Donald Jamison Alexander Jefferson Lawrence B. Jefferson Samuel Jefferson Thomas W. Jefferson Edward M. Jenkins Garfield L. Jenkins McCray Jenkins Stephen S. Jenkins William A. Jenkins Alvin J. Johnson Andrew Johnson Arthur Johnson Carl Johnson Charles A. Johnson Charles B. Johnson Clarence Johnson Conrad A. Johnson Curtis H. Johnson Elbert "Zip" Johnson Everette W. Johnson Hayden C. Johnson James L. Johnson Langdon E. Johnson Louis W. Johnson Maurice C. Johnson Morris T. Johnson Robert C. Johnson Robert M. Johnson Rupert C. Johnson Wilbert H. Johnson William A. Johnston Charles W. Jones Clarence F. Jones, Jr. Douglas Jones Edgar Jones Elmer D. Jones Hubert "Hocks" Jones James L. Jones Major E. Jones Nathaniel A. Jones Reuben D. Jones Robert Jones, Jr. Lowell H. Jordan Horace E. Joseph L. E. Keith Thomas A. Kelly William A. Kelly, Jr. Elmore M. Kennedy James V. Kennedy, Jr. Oscar A. Kenney Benjamin R. Kimbrough Celestus King Earl E. King Haldane King Robert L. King Simon King Felix Kirkpatrick Calvin M. Knight James B. Knighten George L. Knox George H. Kydd Hezekiah Lacy Roy E. LaGrone Edward Laird Theodore W. Lancaster Allen Lane Charles A. Lane, Jr. Eare R. Lane Carrol N. Langston, Jr. James Lanham Alvin B. LaRue Clayton F. Lawrence Erwin B. Lawrence Robert S. Lawrence Robert W. Lawrence Herman A. "Ace" Lawson Walter I. Lawson John H. Leahr Frank L. Lee Rayford Lee Samuel E. Leftenant Ivey Lloyd Leftwich, Jr. Wayne Leggins Wilmore B.Leonard C. "Lucky" Lester Henry M. Letcher Joe A. Lewis Albert J. Lieteau Wayne V. Liggins Vernon B. Lincoln Clairborne A. Lockett Wilbur Long Wendell Lucas Theodore G. Lumpkin John H. Lyles Payton H. Lyles George A. Lynch Lewis J. Lynch Samuel Lynn Richard D. Macon Thomas Malone Edward E. Manley Hiram Mann Albert Manning Walter P. Manning Andrew Maples, Jr. Andrew D. Marshall Otis E. Marshall Thomas J. Marshall George H. O. Martin Harold Martin Robert Martin J. D. Mason James W. Mason Vincent J. Mason George B. Mathews Samuel Mathews, Jr. Ulysses G. Mathis William T. Matison Charles C. Maxwell Cornelius May Kenneth G. May Harvey L. McClelland William B. McClenic John W. McClure Felix McCory Jeremiah McCoy Walter E. McCreary Felix M. McCrory George T. McCrumby James L. McCullin Armour G. McDaniel George McDonald Raymond C. McEwen James M. McFatridge Charles E. McGee Faythe A. McGinnis Alfred U. McKinley Eddie A. McLaurin Paul McMullen Douglas H. McQuilan Ivan J. McRae Philip E. Medley William R. Melton Elbert N. Merriweather Mathew W. Merriweather Joseph L. Merton Levert V. Meddleton Aldee G. Miller Charles E. Miller George R. Miller Lawrence I. Miller Oliver O. Miller Oscar T. Miller Rushton Miller Walter H. Miller Willard B. Miller Joe H. Millett Clinton B. Mills Theodore H. Mills James Mitchell Paul G. Mitchell Vincent Mitchell Wilbur Moffett Dean B. Mohr Celestino S. Monclova Frank H. Moody Paul L. Moody Roland W. Moody Flarzell Moore Theophilus D. Moore Calvin G. Moret Dempsey W. Morgan John H. Morgan Woodrow N. Morgan Harold Morris Thomas J. Morrison, Jr. Allen Morton, Jr. Milledge J. Mosby Irving S. Moses John W. Mosley Sidney J. Mosley William Moulden John I. Mulzac Robert J. Murdic Charles P. Myers Porter W. Myrick Russell G. Nalle Nicholas Neblett Lincoln W. Nelson Melvin M. Nelson Neal Nelson Robert H. Nelson, Jr. Charles Nesby Christopher Newman Fitzroy "Buck" Newsum Edward K. Nickolas, Jr. Elton H. Nightengale Isaac S. Nixon Raymond F. Noches Harold M. Norris Lester S. Norris Ira O'Neal Robert O'Neal Walter N. O'Neal Clarence A. Oliphant Delaney Oliver George B. Oliver Luther L. Oliver Ralph Orduna Maurice R. Page Walter J. Palmer Frederick L. Parker Melvin Parker Robert M. Parkey Thomas Patton Turner W. Payne Gwynne Walker Pairson Frederick D. Pendleton Sterling B. Penn Leland H. Pennington Francis B. Peoples Henry R. Peoples Andrew Periz John R. Perkins Cyrus W. Perry Henry B. Perry George Pettross Robert A. Pillows, Jr. Roger V. Pines Havey N. Pinkney Robert G. Pitts Wardell A. Polk James R. Polkinghorne Henry Pollard Bernard Ponder Driskell Ponder James R. Poole F. Eugene Portee John H. Porter John R. Powell George L. Prather James L. Pratt Sr Edward S. Pressly Mexion O. Prewitt Charles R. Price Joseph A. Prince Bernard Proctor Oliver W. Proctor John H. Prowell John R. Prowell Harry S. Pruitt Wendell O. Pruitt Richard C. Pullam Glen W. Pulliam Vernon E. Punch Leon Purchase Louis R. Purnell Charles J. Quander John B. Quick Lincoln J. Ragsdale James C. Ramsey James Randall Wesley S. Ratliff Nathaniel Rayburg Lee Rayford Frank R. Raymond Sammy Rayner Ahmed A. Rayner, Jr. John A. Rector Marsille P. Reed Ronald Reeves Maury M. Reid, Jr. Walter H. Revel Clarence E. Reynolds George M. Rhodes Clay C. Rice Price D. Rice Daniel L. Rich Everett E. Richardson Milton B. Richardson Robert L. Richerdson Roosevelt Richardson Virgil J. Richardson Eugene J. Richardson John B. Roach Emory Leo Robbins, Jr. Leroy Robert, Jr. George S. Roberts Leon Roberts Leroy Roberts Logan Roberts Arthur Robinson Carroll Robinson Curtis Robinson Robert C. Robinson Robert L. Robinson Spencer M. Robinson Harris H. Robnett, Jr. Thomas P. Rock Amos A. Rogers Cornelius G. Rogers John W. Rogers Marion Rogers Henry E. Rohlsen Roger Romine Mac Ross Major M. Ross W. Dubois Ross Roy T. Routt Claude Rowe Eugene L. Runyon James C. Russell Herbert M. Samuel Fenton B. Sands Martin G. Saunders Pearle E. Saunders Willard W. Savoy Harold E. Sawyer Norman W. Scales Wyrain T. Schell Herbert J. Schwing Joseph P. Scott Paul W. Scott Samuel Scott Henry B. Scott Robert S. Scurlock Wylie W. Selden Harry A. Sheppard George Sherman Earl S. Sherrod David A. Showell Lloyd R. Shults Albert E. Simeon Alphonso Simmons James R. Simmons Paul C. Simmons Edward G. Simmons Richard A. Simons Jesse H. Simpson Wilmeth W. Sidat Singh Lloyd G. Singletary John S. Sloan Albert H. Smith Bonita M. Smith Edward N. Smith Eugene Smith Graham Smith Harold E. Smith James B. Smith Lewis C. Smith Luther H. Smith Quentin P. Smith Reginald V. Smith Robert C. Smith Robert H. Smith Wendell R. Smith Leonelle Sonam Calvin J. Spann Arnet W. Sparks Leon W. Spears Roy Spencer Cecil Spicer Jerome D. Spurlin John W. Spurlin Charles R. Stanton Arnet Stark, Jr. Charles W. Stevens Richard G. Stevens Dudley W. Stevenson Lowell C. Steward Harry T.Stewart Nathaniel C. Stewart Ross Jr. Stewart Roosevelt Stigger Norvell Stoudmire Charles L. Stovall Thomas C. Street Matthew B.Stuart John J. Suggs Wayman Surcey Charles Sutton Charles W. Tate Dickerson C. Taylor Elmer W. Taylor George A. Taylor Paulus C. Taylor Ulysses S. Taylor William H. Taylor, Jr. Alva N. Temple Roger C. Terry Eugene G. Theodore Edward M. Thomas Walter H. Thomas Arthur C. Thompson Donald A. Thompson Floyd A. Thompson Francis R. Thompson Reed E. Thompson William H. Thompson William R. Thompson Richard E. Thorpe Cleodis V. Todd Alfonso C. Toler William D. Tompkins Mitchel N. Toney Edward L. Toppins Prentice A. Townsend Robert B. Tresville, Jr. Robert G. Trott James F. Trotter Allen H. Turner Andrew D. Turner Concorde W. Turner John B. Turner Leon L. Turner Leonard F. Turner Ralph L. Turner William L. Turner Saint M. Twine, Jr. Cleophus W. Valentine Leonard O. Vaughn Fred E. Velasquez Peter C. Verwayne Cornelius Vincent Reginald C., Jr. Waddell Edgar K. Wadsworth John B. Walder, Jr. Charles E. Walker Frank D. Walker James A. Walker Quitman C. Walker Wesley C. Walker William C. Walker William H. Walker Osie L. Walton Arthur W. Ward Harold E. Ward Harold E. Ward Ray B. Ware Hugh St. Clair Warner James W. Warren Calvin T. Warrick Alexander Washington George Washington Milton S. Washington Morris J. Washington Samuel L. Washington William M. Washington Alvin X. Waters Edward W. Watkins Dudley M. Watson Rogers Watson Spann Watson Samuel Watts Richard Weatherford Luke J. Weathers Fred L. Weatherspoon Rhode J. Webb Joe Weems James E. Wells Johnson C. Wells Wendell Wells Judson West Shelby Westbrook Walter Westmoreland Jimmie D. Wheeler Ferrier H. White Harold White Hugh White John E. White Joseph White Kenneth J. White Raymond M. White Sherman W. White Wayne N. White Marvin C. White, Sr. John L. Whitehead Joseph D. Writon Albert Whileside Arthur Whitfield William E. Whitlow, Jr. Yenwith K. Whitney Peter A. Whittaker Frank E. Whitted James W. Whyte, Jr. Leonard W. Wiggins Robert H. Wiggins James T. Wiley Emmett J. Wilhite Lawrence D. Wilkens Harry J. Wilkerson William G. Wilkerson Lawrence D. Wilkins Leonard Willette Albert P. Williams Charles I. Williams Cleveland J. Williams Craig H. Williams Eugene W. Williams Felix A. Williams Fleming M. Williams Harrison A. Williams Herbert J. Williams James B. Williams Jessie Williams John H. Williams Johnnie I. Williams Joseph H. Williams Kenny Williams Lawrence Williams LeRoi S. Williams Leslie "L.A." Williams Raymond "Ray" Williams Robert E. Williams Robert M. Williams Robert W. Williams Romei M. Williams Wellington Williams William E. Williams Vincent E. Williams William F. Williams, Jr. Commie Wilson James A. Wilson John E. Wilson Myron Wilson Theodore A. Wilson Bertram W. Wilson, Jr. Benote H. Wimp Harry P. Winston Henry Wise Kenneth O. Wolford William M. Womack Carl J. Woods Carrol S. Woods Eugene L. Woods Isaac R. Woods John E. Woods Willard L. Woods Edward W. Woodward Alexander Wooldridge Howard A. Wooten Frank N. Wright Hiram Wright James E. Wright James W. Wright K. M. Wright Kenneth Wright Beryl Wyatt William C. Wyatt Neshby Wynn, Jr. Philip C. Yates Oscar H. York Albert L. Young Coleman Young Leo W. Young Asa D. Herring George Franklin Smith II
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Where was the Tuskegee Airmen formed?

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On 19 March 1941, the 99th Pursuit Squadron was activated at Chanute Field in Rantoul, Illinois. A cadre of 271 enlisted men were trained at Chanute in aircraft ground support trades, beginning in July 1941; the skills being taught were so technical that setting up segregated classes was deemed impossible. This small number of enlisted men became the core of other black squadrons forming at Tuskegee and Maxwell Fields in Alabama.
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Which one of the Tuskegee Airmen is nickname lighting?

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Joe "Lightning" Little ~ look to the related link below .
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Why did the Tuskegee Airmen use the P-51C Mustang in combat so much?

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The Tuskegee Airmen were brought into active combat duty in 1943, the same year as the P-51 was adopted. While the Red Tails were initially equipped with older model planes, by the time they were in active combat, the P-51 Mustang was the premier fighter the USAAF had, replacing almost all other light fighters in active combat.
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Why did the Tuskegee Airmen have poor early performance?

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Raw recruits with a lack of experience
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Who were the Tuskegee Airmen and how did they help in World War 2?

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The Tuskegee Airmen were an all African-American unit of the US Army Air Corps (Air Force) in World War II. They flew fighter planes that escorted the US bomber planes in raids in Europe against German and other Axis targets. They were highly effective in giving close fighter support. In fact they are the only fighter unit that is credited with never having a bomber shot down that was in their protection. Robin Roberts of the ABC's Good Morning America is the daughter of a Tuskegee Airman and featured her father on the show before he died. There were probably 2000 deaths recorded for the Tuskegee alone.
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What did president Truman do in 1984 concerning the Tuskegee Airmen?

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Nothing, Former President Harry Truman died in 1972. Ronald Regan, USA president in 1984, probably gave them a Group medal and public recognition.
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Was the Tuskegee Airmen an all black flight crew or did they mix with whites?

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At first they were segragated but then they were combined with another flight crew. They combined before D-Day the black and white fighter crew won over 100 missions.
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Where did the Tuskegee Airmen fight?

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In Europe and the Mediteranian Areas. Answer The Tuskegee Airmen were formed into the 332nd Fighter Group that was part of fighter escort for the 15th Air Force located in Italy. Their fighters escorted bombers on missions that flew to Germany, Austria and probably other bordering countries. Another group of Tuskegee Airman were organized into a Medium Bomber squadron and trained on B-25's. This unit never left the USA and did not go into combat. This was partially due to a mutiny by the crewmembers. Reference book: "Mutiny at Freeman Field" Link to Organization of the 15th Air Force and its fighter escort. This link is in German but the names of the units and the airfield they were stationed are legible: http://www.airpower.at/news03/0813_luftkrieg_ostmark/15USAF.htm Custermen
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What problems did the Tuskegee Airmen face?

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They faced discrimination against there color
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How many bombers did the Tuskegee Airmen lose?

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As far as I know and have researched, the Tuskegee Airmen Only lost 25 Bombers in 200 missions. That's pretty good odds if you ask me.
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What was the role of the Tuskegee Airmen in world war 2?

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The Tuskegee Airmen were dedicated, determined young men who enlisted to become America's first black military airmen, at a time when there were many people who thought that black men lacked intelligence, skill, courage and patriotism. They came from every section of the country, with large numbers coming from New York City, Washington, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia and Detroit. Each one possessed a strong personal desire to serve the United States of America at the best of his ability. Four hundred and fifty of the pilots who were trained at TAAF served overseas in either the 99th Pursuit Squadron (later the 99th Fighter Squadron) or the 332nd Fighter Group. The 99th Fighter Squadron trained in and flew P-40 Warhawk aircraft in combat in North Africa, Sicily and Italy from April 1943 until July 1944 when they were transferred to the 332nd Fighter Group in the 15th Air Force. Tuskegee's 99th Fighter Squadron became the first squadron of black pilots to face combat in World War II. The 99th arrived in Casablanca, Morocco, on April 24, 1943, more than two years after Congress activated the first black unit. Under the command of Lt. Col. Benjamin O. Davis Jr., the 99th flew its first combat sortie over Pantelleria, an island near Sicily, on June 2, 1943. One month later, Lt. Charles B. Hall scored the squadron's first air victory by downing a Focke-Wulf Fw 190. That victory was tinged with sadness: the 99th lost two of its pilots that day. Their role in the war was escorting bombers planes to give them security.
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How many Tuskegee Airmen are alive?

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Since the WW2 men and women are dying every month it is best that you contact the Tuskegee Airmen Organization and ask them what is the last count of the living Tuskegee Airmen. They keep track of all of them. The link is below. They have a phone number in Alabama.