The British Colonies, so to speak, were 13 in number and were aptly named Thirteen Colonies. The English colony ... These Thirteen American Colonies were grouped under three different heads depending on the type of governance: ... Charter Colonies - These colonies were established when the British Crown granted a charter,
They were English.
The original American colonies were a product of British explorations on the East coast of what is now the US. The British colonies took many decades to form what became the 13 colonies that rebelled against Britain in 1776.
In the New England colonies, it was a Theocracy. This means that they were governed by religious leaders (priests, bishops, etc.) The King had little to no control over these colonies. There were also proprietors, who owned large amounts of land, and governors, who oversaw everything.
France, the Netherlands, and Spain
Britain and France. The british colonies centred on Hudson Bay, and were governed by the Hudson Bay Company. The French colonies centred on Quebec, and were won by the British in the Seven Years War.
The colonies were governed either directly or indirectly by the mother country, protected by the mother country, and the monarchs were leaders of the colonies.
Great Britain ruled the 13 original American Colonies.
Because the colonies were actually 13 different political entities, each rebelling against the country that owned and governed them. There were still major differences between the colonies, but they recognized that they would be better off together than seperately.