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Basque Language and Culture

Parent Category: Languages and Cultures
The Basque People primarily live in the area known as the Basque Country, located around north-central Spain and south-western France.
How to preserve their culture and language and upon what basis to relate to the countries of westernmost Europe are the conflicts which exist among the Basque people. Specifically, cultural concerns are epitomized in language use since the Basque people's native language is not a Romance language....
That it is spoken within an area populated by speakers of Romance languages but that it is not related to any regional or any other world language is what is so unusual about the Basque language. Specifically, the Basque language can be heard on both sides of the border separating southwestern...
Businessmen, descendants ofimmigrants, diplomats, spouses, students and teachers arewho the Basques are in Italy. Specifically, the Basques are notconsidered an ancient people of insular or peninsular Italy. Theyinhabit coastal, hilly and mountainous areas of southwest Franceand northwest Spain....
It is through cultural,economic, geographical and political factors that thelanguage became Basque. Specifically, Basquelanguage-speakers belong to a self-preserving culture; if it werenot so, the language would not have survived the area's politicsand wars. They also enjoy an economic system...
The Basque Language, which is the language spoken by the Basque people, is currently used in Southern France and in Northern Spain.
Yes they did. They were shorter than those worn in Scotland and Ireland from what I understand. As to the textiles or patterns of the materials used I have no knowledge.
Spain is the country with which Basque stronglyis identified even though the language also is spoken in France . Specifically, the Basque language is spoken on both sides of theborder between France and Spain. In the northern Basque Country -on the border's French-speaking side - Basque...
The northern borders and theremote northwest are where the Basque and Galicianlanguages are respectively from in Spain. Specifically, the Basque and Galicianlanguages are more or less spoken nowadays where they were usedanciently. Basque is a unique language whose linguistic story isunlike that...
It was often people part of the IRA or UVF during the troubles
Eastern lower Navarrese ( Nafarroa Beherea ) is the kind of Basque language which historically is spoken in Navarrenx, France. Specifically, the location is within the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in terms of southwestern France and within the northwestern part of Euzkadi ("The Basque...
The Basque area of France ("Pays Basque") is in the South-West of the country. The Basque area extends on both sides of the French-Spanish border, the larger part is in Spain.
  No one knows, a more correct question would be, how did the French get to France? seeing how the Basques have been there as long as history can record
It is unknown where the Basque language came from. Specifically, the Basque language is unrelated to any of the dialects and languages which can be found in France and Spain, across whose borders the Basque Country ( Euzkadi ) is located. Some scholars suggest that Basque may be the language...
Independence, integrity, and intelligence are what is important about the Basque people. Specifically, the Basque people defend their unique culture and language despite rulers who sought to do otherwise from central Spain. They maintain their loyalty to the historical precedents and political...
Araba/Álava, Bizkaia/Vizcaya, Gipuzkoa/Guipúzcoa, and Nafarroa/Navarra are the Basque provinces of Spain. Specifically, there are four provinces which the Basque people call home in northwestern Spain. Araba, Bizkaia, and Gipuzkoa presently form the autonomous Basque community within Spain....
Generally fair and tallconcerning appearance and choosing and defending accessible andinaccessible sites are reasons why the Basque people arefrom northern Spain. Specifically, the question "how are"can be asking for what the Basque people look like or for why theyinhabit the area which they do....
ETA and other Basque groups have committed acts of violence and  terror to attempt to create an independent Basque State. Most  Basque violence has been focused on Spain as opposed to France.
Euskaldunak is the name of the Basque people. Specifically, the word is a noun in its plural form. The ending, pluralizing letter - k specifies that more than one Basque ( Euskalduna ) is involved. The pronunciation will be "EY-oo-SKAL-doo-NAK" by those who speak Guipuzcoan Basque.
France and Spain are the places in Europe where the Basque culture can be found. Specifically, the Basque people engage in economic activities which are typical of the region: crafts, farming, fishing, herding, manufacturing, and tourism. But they exhibit distinct cultural differences which are...
Mammals are what theBasque brought from northern Spain to Ireland. Specifically, research indicates thatthe badgers, mountain hairs, pygmy shrews and pine martins ofIreland trace back to the fauna of northern Spain. It is suggestedthat people speaking very ancient Basque (or its ancestor)...
That the printing of books inBasque and the recognition of Basque as an honorable form of verbaland written communication were promoted and protected bynon-Catholics is a reason why the Protestant Reformationresulted in conflicts with the Basque people. Specifically, the ProtestantReformation...
Defense, language, and livelihood prompted the Basque people's articulation of their culture into one of communities. Specifically, the Basque people articulate a culture which is distinct from that of Spain's other surviving peoples. They therefore formed communities to protect their unique...
No, basque people live in the Basque Country which is between Spain  and France, in western Europe.
Cultural integrity, economic survival, and political independence are some of the challenges which the Basque people face. Specifically, the Basque people aim to preserve their language, which is specific to their region and unknown by most of Spain. They engage in activities -- particularly...
Aquitanian is thelanguage from which Basque derives, according to some scholars. Specifically, Aquitanian also can be called proto-Basque. It wasspoken in the areas where Basque continues to be spoken nowadays,along both sides of the France-Spain border. Its closest linguisticneighbors spoke...
0.078% of French population speak basque. Anyway, Basque in France is only spoken in the french Basque Country (Iparralde). In this area 22.5% of the people speak fluently basque and there's another 8.6% who understand it but can't speak it.
Definitely not. Although the Basque people are not classed as Indo-European, they are indigenous to the areas of France and Spain they occupy today - in other words they are the aboriginal people of those areas. The Romans called them Vascones and Aquitani; they were already living in the Basque...
The countries are: France and Spain. The liberation fight that was now quit and originates from the group ETA has focused on Spain rather than France, because the majority of the basques live in spain and also the politics in Spain and France are rather different regarding the question of the...
No , Basque is not Spanish. Specifically, the Basque people inhabit northwestern Spain and southwestern France. The economic activities in which they engage may be described as typical of the region: farming, fishing, herding, small-scale business, and tourism. But they perpetuate a culture and a...
A language which is spoken on both sides of the border between southern France and northern Spain is what the Basque language is. Specifically, the language is not known to be related to any language in the region and in fact to any other language in the world. Some scholars link it to languages -...
Language is what predominantly makes the Basque people unique. Specifically, the language can be found on both sides of the border between northern Spain and southern France. But it is unrelated to any of the other regional languages and in fact to any other world language. The southwestern part...
Control, harassment andrepression in terms of the civil war and autonomy in terms of the regional conflict arewhat happened to the Basque people after the war with Spain. Specifically, there are two recentwars which pit the Basque Country against Spain and vice versa inthe twentieth century....
Lagundu al dezaket? and Lagundu dezaket? are Basque equivalents of the English phrase "Can I help you?" Specifically, the word lagundu is "help". The word al -- which often is dropped conversationally -- shows that a question -- whose answer basically involves "yes" or "no" -- is being asked...
Amaia and Amaya are Italian equivalents of the Basque name Amaya . Specifically, the name is a feminine proper noun. It traces its origins back to the Basque word amai for "the end". Whichever spelling is used, the pronunciation remains "a-MEYE-a" in Italian.
Andoni is a Basque equivalent of the English name "Anthony". Specifically, the name is a masculine proper noun. It is thought to originate from the ancient Etruscan culture of northern Italy. The pronunciation will be "an-DO-nee" by those who speak Guipuzcoan Basque.
It is unknown when or even if the Basque people discovered Ireland. Specifically, the Celts of Ireland and the Basque of southwestern France and northwestern Spain exhibit genetic similarities regarding the Y-chromosome. The Celts may have originated in Eurasia, where the ancient Tokharian...
Farming, fishing, herding, small-scale business and industry, and tourism constitute the economics of the Basque people. Specifically, the Basque people can be found along the coasts and nearby hilly/mountainous interiors of southwestern France and northwestern Spain. They have reputations as...
The Basque were know for edged weapons and a Weapon know as the Makila, which looked like a walking stick but had an edged weapon secreted on the end. The Basque were also known for firearms manufacturing prior to WWII.
Yes , children always have helped out with work in Basque culture. Specifically, business, farming, fishing, and grazing are all activities associated with Euzkadi ("The Basque Country"). They are activities which require discipline, observation, and skills which can be started quite early on in...
Ongi etorri! is a Basque equivalent of the English word "Welcome!" Specifically, the adverb ongi means "well". The verb etorri translates as "to come". The pronunciation will be "ON-ghee ey-TOR-ree" by those who speak Guipuzcoan Basque.
Blonde hair and blue eyes are very common in Spain's Basque country. Also, O-Negative blood is more common than B-Positive.
They have a language and culture and they want they own land.
Economics, geography, history and religion arewhat Basques and Spaniards may have in common. Specifically, the Basque and the Spaniards of northwest Spain canpursue the same kind of economic endeavors: catching fish and othersea products; engaging in small-scale business, crafts andindustry;...
Depending on the dialect it can be: Aitona, Aitita, Aitite...Depending on the dialect: Aitona, Aitita, Aitite...
Cultural, linguistic, politico-administrative, and socio-economic  reasons are the reasons which motivate those among the Basque  people who want to be separated from Spain. It is case of  preserving one of Europe's and the world's most ancient and unique  societies centered upon historic rights...
Hizkuntza is a Basqueequivalent of the English word "language." Specifically, the word functions as anoun in its nominative singular form as the subject of a sentence.Its look is different according to the case into which it isdeclined. The pronunciation will be "ee-SKOON-tsa" in...
Zein hizkuntza hitzegitendu? is a Basque equivalent of the English question "Whatlanguage is spoken?" Specifically, the interrogative zein is "what." The noun hizkuntza means"language." The verb hitzegiten du translates as "isspoken" in this context. The pronunciation will be "seyen*ee...
Ikaskuntza is a Basqueequivalent of the English word "studies." Specifically, the word functions as anoun. It looks different according to its use within a phrase orsentence and therefore depending upon the endings which theparticular case in which it needs to be declined demands. It refersto ...
" Sailing school " isan English equivalent of the Basque phrase belaeskola . Specifically, the noun bela means "sail" here. The noun eskola translates as "school."The pronunciation will be "BEY-la ey-SKO-la" for those who speakGuipuzcoan Basque.
" Technical area " is a literal English equivalentof the Basque phrase gune teknikoa . Specifically, the noun gune means "area." The adjective teknikoa translates as "technical." The pronunciation willbe "GOO-ney TEK-nee-KO-a" by those who speak Guipuzcoan Basque.
" Business district "is one English equivalent of the Basque phrase gunekomerziala . Specifically, the noun gune means "district, zone" in this context. The adjective komerziala translates as "business, commercial." Thepronunciation will be "GOO-ney KO-mer-SYA-la" in GuipuzcoanBasque.
" Captaincy " is an English equivalent of the Basqueword kapitania. Specifically, the word is a noun in its singular form. Theabove-mentioned form is just one of many which it takes in Basque,a language in which nouns are declined and take on differentendings according to the role which they play...
Cheeses, grains, meats, seafoods and vegetables are what the Basque people ate. Specifically, the Basque people hold true to what they always have been: a people of the coasts, hills and mountains. They prepare delicious, healthy food based upon what they catch from rivers and oceans and what...
Ikurrina is the name of the Basque Country's flag. Specifically, the word functions as a noun. Its spelling isvariable depending upon the word's function in the phrase orsentence and the case in which it therefore will be properlydeclined. The pronunciation will be "KEE-koor-REE-na" by those...
Bandera and ikurrina are Basque equivalents ofthe English word "flag." Specifically, the noun bandera tends to be used for a flagthat is not that of the Basque Country. The noun ikurrina will be used to designate the red background flag -- upon which aresuperimposed a giant green "X" and then...
Gurutzea is a Basque equivalent of the English word "cross." Specifically, the word functions as a noun. Its spelling is dependent upon its function in the phrase or sentence and therefore the endings which are applied according to the case in which it properly is declined. The pronunciation...
Lauburu is the name for the Basque Country's cross. Specifically, the graceful cross with clockwise-waving headsfunctions as an ancient symbol within Basque culture. It gets itsname from combining the number lau ("four [4]") with thenoun buru ("head"). The pronunciation will be "LOW*boo-ROO"...
"Andrew" is an English equivalent of the Basque  name Ander.    Specifically, the name functions as a masculine proper noun. The  Basque language is unique but receptive to loan names and words  from English, French, Greek, Latin, and Spanish. One such case may  be found in the name Ander,...
Zorionak! is a Basque equivalent of the English phrase"Happy Holidays!" Specifically, the word functions as a noun. It may mean "HappyHolidays" during Christmas-New Year's celebrations. But it alsotranslates as "Best wishes," "Congratulations," and even "Happybirthday." Whatever the context or...
Eguberria is one Basque equivalent of the English word"Christmas." Specifically, the word is formed from the combination of two words.The noun egun means "day." The adjective berria translatesas "new." The pronunciation will be "EY-goo-BER-rya" in Guipuzcoan Basque.
Urteberri is a Basque equivalent of the English phrase "New Year." Specifically, the word combines two words. The noun urte means"year." The adjective berri translates as "new." The pronunciation will be "OOR-tee BER-ree" in Guipuzcoan Basque.
Hurrengo urtean is a Basque equivalent of the English phrase "untilnext year." Specifically, the preposition hurrengo means "until." Thenoun urtean translates literally as "year" and -- in thiscontext -- implicitly as "next year." The pronunciation will be"oor-REN-go OOR-tey-an" in Basque.
"White lord" is an English equivalent of the  Basque phrase Jaun Zuria.    Specifically, the noun jaun is "lord." The adjective  zuria means "white." The phrase refers to the first Lord  of Biscay.    The pronunciation will be "hown SOO-rya" in Guipuzcoan Basque.
Saint Thomas is prominent in Basque Country Christmas celebrations.
Yes, there indeed is a river that runs not only near but through  the Basque city of Bilbo (Bilbao).  Basque-speakers know it as the Nerbioi (Nervión).
The original name of the Basque Country's Palace Hotel in Biarritz,  France is the Villa Eugenie.
The capital city of the Basque Country is Vitoria-Gasteiz.
The three-part division of the provision is thereason why there are three trees on both the coat of arms and theflag of the Basque Country's province of Gipuzkoa. Specifically, the trees in question are yews ( Taxus spp).The notion of three also is repeated in the three waves, tosymbolize the...
Besterik etxean nahikoa is the Basque translation of the English  phrase just enough for the home.
The three national colors of the Basque Country are green, red, and  white.
Bolibar means riverside mill. Bolu means "mill" in the Basque  language and ibar means "riverside." Other sources say that ibar  means "meadow."
Zuberoa is the province in Basque Country where Xiberotarra is  spoken.
Eusko Abendaren Ereserkia ("Anthem of the BasqueEthnicity") -- which is pronounced "EY-oo-sko a-BEN-da-renEY-rey-SERK-kya" by Guipuzcoan Basque-speakers -- is the officialanthem of the Basque Country. Affectionately shortened to Euskadiko Ereserkia , the anthem owes a traditional Basquetune for its...
The Basque-speaking city of Bilbao in the province of Biscay in  Spain has the nickname "Botxo".
The animal that appears in the Basque Country cave art is horses.
The historical event which resulted in the creation of world-famous  chocolates in the Basque speaking city of Bayonne was the Spanish  Inquisition.
" Star " is an English equivalent of the Basque word Izarra . Specifically, the word functions as a noun. Basque is a languagewith case endings so the appearance of the word changes accordingto its placement and use within a phrase or sentence. Thepronunciation will be "ee-SAR-ra" in Guipuzcoan...
The word pottoka refers to a semi feral breed of small pony native  to France and Spain. These wild little ponies have been genetically  isolated for centuries and are considered to be an iconic symbol to  the Basque.
The winner of the 1920 Inaugural Miss France competition was Agnes  Souret.
The name of the tallest building in the Basque Country is the Torre  Iberdrola building.
Mainly in northern parts of Spain, but also in southern parts ofFrance.
The Butron Castle in the Basque Country is the dream castle of Kate  Middleton.
The two cradle-languages that were spoken fluently by the mother of  Christopher Columbus's second son were Italian and Portuguese.
Juan Elcano was the first Basque is known to have been killed in  the settling of the Americas.
The Basque artist whose sculpture is installed at the corner of  19th and H streets in Washington DC is Eduardo Chillida Juantequi.  Eduardo was a Spanish artist, who lived from 1924 to 2002.
Magellan-Elcano was the name of the first Basque known to have  circumnavigated the world.
In the Basque country, which is Northern Spain, Girl Guiding was  introduced in 1929. However, it wasn't until 1959 that the Spain  chapter of the Girl Guides joined the WAGGGS.
The name of the Basque princess who ruled as queen of England was  Berengaria. She was the daughter of King Sancho the Wise of Navarre  and the wife of Richard the Lionheart.
Don Sancho de Azpeitia is the name of the Biscayan who severs DonQuixote's left ear. The pamphlets and the papers from the boy inthe Alcana of Toledo provide the name among the collection'sinscribed drawings.
The Heinkel He 111 and Bf 109Bs biplanes were the planes that were  used to bomb the Basque City of Guernica on April 26th 1937.
Jean Borotra is the name of the Basque tennis player who became the  first Wimbledon winner from outside the English speaking world.
Arnaud du Tilh (died September 16, 1560) is the name of theearliest known perpetrator of identity theft in the Basque Country.Two contemporary accounts and twentieth-century research byProfessor Natalie Zemon Davies (born November 8, 1928) trace theactions and fate of the Sajas-born man who would be...
Christopher Columbus is the name of the Basque ship master who is  known to be the first European to see and step foot on South  America.
Saint-Malo is the name of the Basque captain who was European known  to have married a New World princess.
Juan de la Cosa was the name of the Basque owner and shipmaster of  Christopher Columbus's ship 'Santa Maria'.
Begoña and Begoñita are the family nicknames for  the Basque mother of Russian ice hockey legend Valeri Borisovich  Kharlamov (January 14, 1948 - august 27, 1981). Valeri's parents  were Russian-born factory locksmith Boris Kharlamov and Basque  Country-born factory turner Carmen Oribe Abad.