Unanswered | Answered

Speleology

Parent Category: Earth Sciences
Speleology is the scientific study and exploration of caves; including the surveying, mapping and cartography of caves and reporting on the flora and fauna found in them. The Speleology topic includes questions related to the geology, biology, chemistry, archaeology, hydrogeology,and karst topography of caves; the history of and trivia about specific caves; and published findings related to the research of those who study caves called Speleologists.
Stalactites grow downwards (hang down); Stalagmites grow upwards.How to remember the difference: Stalactites "hold tight" to theceiling.
The majority of caves are formed in limestone by waterdissolving the rock along its joints, bedding-planes and otherdiscontinuities to form a network of tiny conduits. Defined pathsfor the water develop through these, and enlarge into enterablecave passages. Eventually the passages lose their...
Calcite rather than limestone - the crystalline version ofcalcium carbonate which is limestone's primary constituent. Howeverit is only being deposited in speleothems (stalactites andstalagmites). . . . Elsewhere in the cave, limestone is being removed, notdeposited, by any stream(s) still flowing...
Principally, as by far the majority of the world's caves areformed in limestone uplands, by dissolution of the rock's calciumcarbonate by slightly acid rain-water seeping through the jointsand bedding-planes. . . . In time the water forms discrete conduits though the rock mass,and these coalesce to...
Principally, as by far the majority of the world's caves areformed in limestone uplands, by dissolution of the rock's calciumcarbonate by slightly acid rain-water seeping through the jointsand bedding-planes. These, and other discontinuities such as faultsand shale bands, provide a "leak path" for...
\n. The joints, bedding-planes and faults provide conduits for water to penetrate the limestone mass; and it is the water, slightly acidified by absorbed carbon dioxide, that dissolves the rock to form the cave.
Most caves are found in limestone hills.
Carlsbad Caverns may be found near the city of Carlsbad in NewMexico.
For their intrinsic beauty, scientific interest and often"sporting" attraction; to preserve their indigenous wildlife; andbecause if they are active they are water-courses every bit asimportant ecologically or as water-sources at their resurgences.
It's called a cave system. They are quite common. There are even more systems that are connected hydrologically although with no humanly-passable links. Wookey Hole, at the foot of the Mendip Hills in SW England is one such example. It discharges the River Axe whose tributaries are several major...
The Ellora Temples in Aurangabad in Maharashtra, India
It is the study of caves.
National Park status was achieved on 1 July 1941 because the American people had a strong desire to preserve this glorious natural wonder for the viewing of future generations.
The question has answered itself! The generic name for suchlandscape is 'karst', from the Slovac name for the type-area.
\n. \n. Their degree of difficulty of the cave you choose depends on 3 sets of factors: \n. 1) The number and character of any given cave and its natural obstacles. \n. 2) The choice, quality and condition of the caver's clothing and equipment, and the choice of techniques - safety also enters here...
Limestone is slightly soluble in carbonic acid: rain-wateracidified by carbon dioxide dissolved from the atmosphere. As thewater seeps down through the joints, faults and bedding-planeswithin the limestone massif, from catchment area to rising(spring), it dissolves the rock's main constituent, the...
The generic name for such a landscape is 'Karst', from the Slovactype-name 'kras'; and is mainly in limestone.
Wherever there are deep beds of limestone of suitable structuralintegrity, in landscapes and climates offering suitable, long-term,hydrological conditions for cave development. Such areas are foundin many areas of the world: Europe, N & S America, parts ofAfrica and the Middle East, and Asia all...
I'm sorry, but when I read questions as badly worded as this I findit hard to pitch the answer suitably. Do you mean "break"? If so,yes, as internal weathering attacks the roof and walls, leading tocollapses that can choke the passage completely. Eventually theyare un-roofed and finally removed...
Stephen Bishop was slave guide who discovered more than 20 miles of Mammoth cave.
Wear and tear, basically. The most common is unwitting trampling offloor sediments, perhaps followed by accidental muddying orbreaking of stalactites and stalagmites. Some disturbance tocave-dwelling organisms, such as by trampling through pools andstream inhabited by the animals. The one real worry...
\n \n\n. \n. \n. Basically all the equipment used is safety equipment because we are not aquatic creatures! \n. About the only equipment used in cave-diving that is not usually used in open water is duplicated kit, appropriate lighting on a safety-helmet, and a line-reel. And the ability to divide...
Depoists of calcite precipitated from solution in the ground-water feeding them. The calcite (crystalline calcium carbonate) has been dissolved from the limestone around the inlet.
Generally in regions holding large areas of massive limestone, andwith suitable accompanying geological and hydrological conditions.Caves do form in other rocks by other processes, but these are alot rarer.
It is called a Stalagmite. The corresponding formation on the caveroof is a Stalactite.
Doline. +++ That's the surface expression, a hollow in the land if the collapse extends to the surface. Also Shakehole. Underground the result of such a collapse is usually a heap of boulders that may choke the passage completely.
a stalagmite is on the ground, a stalactite hangs from the ceiling.
I don't think there are any smugglers caves but me and a friend have uncovered what looks like an opening to a cave of some sort. also my name on moshi monsters is glitter7776 and my friends is xforce1! On club penguin my name is Sledge Star and my friend is xforce3! thanx 4 reading this, and pleez...
\n. Most caves are in limestone, and formed by carbonic acid - rain-water acidified by dissolved carbon-dioxide from the atmosphere - dissolving the rock as it sinks through the joints and other fractures in the rock mass.
A shakehole (or sinkhole) - it can form an entrance to the cave, or block it entirely. Also swallow hole. It's important to realise that the existence of a shakehole does not necessarily mean an enterable cave lies below: the dissolved carbonate rock below may have been carried away in a multitude...
You've partially answered your own question, so to amplify:. Rainwater acidified by absorbed atmospheric carbon dioxide sinks through the joints and other discontinuities in the limestone upland's mass, dissolving the calcium carbonate that is the rock's main constituent. . Eventually the tiny...
rain water waves winds Most of the world's caves are in limestone, including its metamorphosis, marble) by the dissolution of the rock's primary constituent, calcium carbonate, by rain / snow-melt water acidified by carbon dioxide absorbed from the atmosphere percolating through the rock's joints...
Because Limestone is nearly insoluble in pure water. But water that contains small quantities of carbonic acid dissolves easily.
Nabula is the plant of the nabs, they live there in peace and from time to time people from earth are sent to this magical place.
The Mammoth Cave National Park is located in Central Kentucky .
a leaf is colorful , beutiful etc. i really dont know but those are a couple of stuff a leaf is
1. they are used for tourist attraction sites 2.they are used asbat and other animals homes. . +++ . You could also have suggested their attraction to cavers, bothfor "sport" caving - the pursuit itself - and for amateur andprofessional scientific study.
Dragons live in vulcanic caves because they are cold blooded and are hunted for their scales.
Rain or snow-melt water absorbs atmospheric carbon dioxided to create the wek carbonic acid, which over time in percolating through the limestone mass's joints, bedding-planes and faults, dissolves the rock's primary mineral calcite (calcium carbonate).
Caves are most commonly carved out in sedimentary rocks such as limestone and kaoline. Caves are also associated with igneous rocks but mostly due to structural defects during emplacements, or adjustment due to post-orogenic activities. Nevertheles, caves can form in any rock types, and are mostly...
Caves are recorded by passage length totals, not area, except perhaps when analysing their local geographical context. The World's longest is the Mammoth Cave - Flint Ridge Cave system.
spelunkers, speleologist
puting yo big black dick in it.
A column is formed if a stalactite and stalagmite continue growing until they meet.
From limestone by water and carbon-dioxide! \n How Caves Form in Limestone \n \n That is such a common question on ‘Answers’ I wrote this single reply! The technical terms are introduced by capital initials. \n Most of the world’s caves are in Limestone. \n ...
The most common types of cave are limestone caves.
Streams and rivers - but the local flow across a discrete area, and feeding them, is called Run-off.
A lot of the features in caves form through the running or dripping of water. Over many years this water will leave deposits of minerals resulting in the cave's formations.
The nitrate, saltpeter, was mined at Mammoth Cave. It was found in the river sediment inside the cave and was used to make gunpowder
Yes, no, maybe so. Find a better source.
A volcano which might erupt at some point in the future is called "dormant".
A sea cave is a type of cave formed by erosion through the waves in the ocean. The erosion normally starts at a fault in a sea cliff. Sea caves are found throughout the world, forming on coastlines right now..
By waves smashing against the sea walls
Primarily in their mode of formation: dissolution of limestone by water acidified by atmospheric CO 2 (forming carbonic acid).
\n \nIt was the geological and volcanic activities created the caves, which have evolved over the last 30 years. \n. \n. ++ \n. \n. Volcanic? Limestone caves are formed by rain water absorbing atmospheric CO2, forming the weak Carbonic Acid that slowly dissolves the limestone. I think the first...
Tanggapan Cave was a reception and meeting place for the Katipuneros during the Philippine-Spanish revolution. Along with other caves in the area, it is now part of Biak-na-Bato National Park.
In prehistoric times habitable caves offered shelter to people living in their vicinity. Various caves have had various uses down the centuries - the huge entrance hall of Peak Cavern in Derbyshire's Peak District (UK) once held rope-walks, and shows one today, though I don't know if it's original...
Not a helpful question - unclear meaning. Limestone is a sedimentary rock and the exposure or burial of any given limestone formation depends on its regional, subsequent geological processes. It is also soluble in weakly-acid ground-water, giving rise to karst lansdcapes and features. As for "use...
The cone-shaped mineral deposit that hangs from the roof of a cave is a stalactite . See the related question for more information.
The rocks get eroded away by the sea, and then, after a lot of eroding a hole is formed in the rock, which is called a cave. After a bit more eroding the sea will eat right through the rock and make an arc.
What causes caves, caverns, and sinkholes
There are actually many different types. Some examples are talus, slate, solutional, granite, sand stone, sea caves, man-made and emerged sea caves.
\n. A solution of calcium carbonate dissolved from the limestone above the cave by weakly-acidic ground-water, drips from the cave roof and some of the carbonate is precipitaed as the mineral calcite, slowly building up the deposit to form the stalagmite. Stalactites form in much the same way.
The Naracoorte Caves are located in the South-East of South Australia
It contains other nutrients than just water. Food residue (or other dirt) has some value as fertilizer.
True. This is explained by the Ideal Gas Laws.
To get in the Cerulin cave which Mew 2 is in lv 70 u need A. 3 or more lv 50+ B.A Pokemon lv 80+C.50 ultra balls D.HM?Surf E.Must have beaten Pokemon luge Hope I helped!. FЯED RULES
Based on the burial sites located to date, humans have known the Mammoth Caves for at least 6,000 years.
Fallen boulders, calcite formations and sediment! Mammoth Cave is a karst cave; formed within limestone.
All 50 of 'em. (:
Limestone caverns are formed when the acid in the rain drops or sea water erodes the stone through attrition and eliminates to rock. Limestone is a permeable rock - which means it can soak up liquid, like a sponge.
carbonation is on that is really significant, and solution is another
pit cave, shaft cave or vertical cave. it is a type of natural cavewhich contains one or more significant vertical shafts rather thanbeing predominantly a conventional horizontal cave passage
a mammoth cave is over 9,000 years old
Yes, it continues to expand, but, very, very slowly. Do NOT think in terms of years, lifetimes or generations. This geological transition is well beyond centuries. (Native Americans once proclaimed that "Only the Rock Lives Forever", they were wrong. Few mineral can survive the efforts of wind...
Yes, and it still is. They were once numbered in the millions, but now, only a few thousand still call it home.
No, usually the people who lived in caves lived in caves which already existed naturally, it was not made by them.
The NPS web-site brought up Cumberland Gap Park and Gap Cave (formerly called Cudjo's Cave). Is this major show-cave the one you have in mind? The web-site implies but does not state it is used by bats, and asks visitors to any of the Park caves to wear clothes and footwear than have not been...
SPELEOTHEMS: Stalactites, stalactites, curtains (draperies in UScaving), straws (fine tubular stalactites - 'soda straws' in US),flowstone, gour pools (I think 'rimstone' pools, ditto), cavepearls, helictites (aka 'erratics' but rather unwisely because thatis already a definite geological term for a...
Stalactites - their rock is precipitated calcite.
which is the largest cave
\n \nThe forests that grows over the limestone forms mulch that produces the acid required. \n. \n. That's true but the prime solvent is Carbonic Acid: atmospheric carbon dioxide dissolved into rain-water.
It is an essential constituent of protoplasm, used in safety matches, pyrotechnics, incendiary shells, and fertilizers and to protect metal surfaces from corrosion.
If you mean what I think you mean, the erosion cutting a large hole through a narrow headland, then it's a ROCK ARCH, simple as that. If the length is significantly greater than its diameter, producing a tunnel-like structure, then it would still be correct to call it a CAVE. If the breach is from...
One of the largest cave systems in this part of the world is theMammoth Cave system in Kentucky and measures over 400.000 mileswith a depth f 407 feet. The other cave system in this category isthe Jewel Cave in South Dakota measuring over 168.600 miles.
The vast majority are karst caves, found in limestone uplands offering a suitable combination of geological, hydrological and long-term climatic controls conducive to cave development. Lava tubes develop in basalt (low viscosity) lava flows. Boulder (or talus) and Mass-movement Caves form as a...
They didn't. Most caves are formed in limestone, by rain-waterslightly acidified by abosrbing atmospheric carbon-dioxide slowlydissolving the rock.