Speleology is the scientific study and exploration of caves; including the surveying, mapping and cartography of caves and reporting on the flora and fauna found in them. The Speleology topic includes questions related to the geology, biology, chemistry, archaeology, hydrogeology,and karst topography of caves; the history of and trivia about specific caves; and published findings related to the research of those who study caves called Speleologists.
Asked in Speleology, Cave Exploring
If a explorer went into a cave what landscape will he see?
A landscape that is strictly formed by the erosion of water. Most caves are formed by the underground rivers leeching and eroding the softer layers of the earth like limestone. What is left is passages that have been eroded away and over time is ever changing. There will be stalagtites and stalagmites and crystals that have formed over the milenia. If interested, do a search on local spelunkers in your area. There are many clubs that go caving on a monthly basis. Its a lot of fun. P.S. Wear a hard hat. Hooweestik. Answer: The landscape or terrain formed by erosion described above is called a Karst terrain.
Asked in Speleology
Why are there so few producers in caves?
Caves have so few producers because of the lack of sun. A producer makes its food from the suns energy and without that there aren't producers. some caves have types of micro organisms that make their own food from other sources of energy and could possibly be considered producer type organisms themselves.
Asked in Speleology
What type of chemical bond does carbonic acid have?
Carbonic acid (H2CO3) has the main compound, carbon, in the middle. carbon has a double bond with oxygen (indicated by two lines pointing towards oxygen), then it has two covalent bonds with two other oxygen molecules. those oxygen molecules have one bond each to hydrogen. here is the best illustration: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carbonic-acid-2D.svg
What cone-shaped mineral deposit hangs from the roof of a cave?
Asked in Geology, Volcanoes, Speleology
How is lava formed?
Lava is magma that has reached the surface. Magma can be formed from the subduction and melting of cold, dense, wet oceanic crust at some convergent plate margins. The moisture in the rock assists in the melting of the crust and the rock surrounding it. Magma is also formed at hot spots in the mantle where hot material undergoes decompression melting as it rises. Decompression melting also occurs at the mid-ocean ridges where new oceanic crust is formed from rising mantle rock.
Asked in Geology, Speleology, Erosion and Weathering
How is the formation of limestone caves connected with the geolegical term of weathering?
ANSWER: Its because they are both made by erosion. Limestone is a rock that is soft and easily eroded by underground streams and rivers. Just as water can carve mountains down and cut canyons above ground, they do the same below ground. After this water recedes, The water has cut passageways and tunnels into the rock leaving crevices and caverns. This can be seen in the TAG (Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia) area of caves. There are over 2500 caves in the area where the three states meet. Most are limestone caves made with the above mentioned process. Great place for spelunking as well. Not quite. Limestone can be quite hard but in any case mechanical erosion is a secondary process consequent upon a sufficiently large conduit forming first. The primary process is the dissolution of limestone (strictly speaking the calcium carbonate that is its main constituent) by water slightly acidified by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide. The water finds its way through the rock formation by following the tension-cracks, bedding-planes and other discontinuities from sink to rising (spring). And the term used throughout the English-speaking world is "caving" not "spelunking", which I have heard is actually derisory slang in the US for novice or dilettante cavers. I've mentioned this a few times on Answers by now!
Asked in Speleology
What causes caves to form?
What Do You Do With The Tanoby Caves?
The Tanoby Ruins is a very special place. You can catch Unown there! But, in order to make Unown apear there, you must unlock them. To do this, go to Sevault Canyon on Seven Ilsand. Find the Tanoby Key there, and solve the rock puzzle with the HM Strength. Once you do, there will be a small earthquake. Now, go to the Tanoby Ruins, choose a ruin, and Unown will apear like wild Pokemon! And the best part is, you can have as many as you want!