Speleology

Speleology is the scientific study and exploration of caves; including the surveying, mapping and cartography of caves and reporting on the flora and fauna found in them. The Speleology topic includes questions related to the geology, biology, chemistry, archaeology, hydrogeology,and karst topography of caves; the history of and trivia about specific caves; and published findings related to the research of those who study caves called Speleologists.

Asked in Speleology

What are the different types of caves?

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granite caves sea caves sandstone caves . stay in school
Asked in Speleology, Cave Exploring

If a explorer went into a cave what landscape will he see?

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A landscape that is strictly formed by the erosion of water. Most caves are formed by the underground rivers leeching and eroding the softer layers of the earth like limestone. What is left is passages that have been eroded away and over time is ever changing. There will be stalagtites and stalagmites and crystals that have formed over the milenia. If interested, do a search on local spelunkers in your area. There are many clubs that go caving on a monthly basis. Its a lot of fun. P.S. Wear a hard hat. Hooweestik. Answer: The landscape or terrain formed by erosion described above is called a Karst terrain.
Asked in Speleology

Why are there so few producers in caves?

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Caves have so few producers because of the lack of sun. A producer makes its food from the suns energy and without that there aren't producers. some caves have types of micro organisms that make their own food from other sources of energy and could possibly be considered producer type organisms themselves.
Asked in Speleology

What type of chemical bond does carbonic acid have?

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Carbonic acid (H2CO3) has the main compound, carbon, in the middle. carbon has a double bond with oxygen (indicated by two lines pointing towards oxygen), then it has two covalent bonds with two other oxygen molecules. those oxygen molecules have one bond each to hydrogen. here is the best illustration: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carbonic-acid-2D.svg
Asked in Geology, Environmental Issues, Speleology, Stalagmites and Stalactites

What cone-shaped mineral deposit hangs from the roof of a cave?

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The cone-shaped mineral deposit that hangs from the roof of a cave is a stalactite. See the related question for more information.
Asked in Speleology

What would happen to a cave in a long dry season?

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I would think that a cave would be overly populated by many creatures wanting to stay cooler.
Asked in Speleology

Which U.s. state has most caves?

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Tennessee, closely followed by Missouri.
Asked in New Mexico, US National Parks Reserves and Monuments, Speleology

What are caverns?

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A cavern is a under ground chamber made by underground water
Asked in Speleology, Ice Ages, Neanderthal

Why did ice age people live in caves?

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To avoid freezing to death when it got colder at night.
Asked in Speleology

Where is feng-hsien cave?

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China, Asia.
Asked in Geology, Volcanoes, Speleology

How is lava formed?

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Lava is magma that has reached the surface. Magma can be formed from the subduction and melting of cold, dense, wet oceanic crust at some convergent plate margins. The moisture in the rock assists in the melting of the crust and the rock surrounding it. Magma is also formed at hot spots in the mantle where hot material undergoes decompression melting as it rises. Decompression melting also occurs at the mid-ocean ridges where new oceanic crust is formed from rising mantle rock.
Asked in Geology, Speleology, Erosion and Weathering

How is the formation of limestone caves connected with the geolegical term of weathering?

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ANSWER: Its because they are both made by erosion. Limestone is a rock that is soft and easily eroded by underground streams and rivers. Just as water can carve mountains down and cut canyons above ground, they do the same below ground. After this water recedes, The water has cut passageways and tunnels into the rock leaving crevices and caverns. This can be seen in the TAG (Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia) area of caves. There are over 2500 caves in the area where the three states meet. Most are limestone caves made with the above mentioned process. Great place for spelunking as well. Not quite. Limestone can be quite hard but in any case mechanical erosion is a secondary process consequent upon a sufficiently large conduit forming first. The primary process is the dissolution of limestone (strictly speaking the calcium carbonate that is its main constituent) by water slightly acidified by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide. The water finds its way through the rock formation by following the tension-cracks, bedding-planes and other discontinuities from sink to rising (spring). And the term used throughout the English-speaking world is "caving" not "spelunking", which I have heard is actually derisory slang in the US for novice or dilettante cavers. I've mentioned this a few times on Answers by now!
Asked in Speleology

What causes caves to form?

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the flow of water +++ More specifically, in limestone as the vast majority of caves are, by the water dissolving the calcium carbonate that is the rock's primary constituent. The water starts as rain-water acidified slightly by absorbing atmospheric CO2, and this acid is what is really responsible.
Asked in Geology, Speleology

How was maquoketa caves formed?

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The Maquoketa caves in Iowa were formed through years of natural non-glacial erosion.
Asked in Pokemon, Pokemon FireRed and LeafGreen, Speleology, Mammoth Cave National Park

What Do You Do With The Tanoby Caves?

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The Tanoby Ruins is a very special place. You can catch Unown there! But, in order to make Unown apear there, you must unlock them. To do this, go to Sevault Canyon on Seven Ilsand. Find the Tanoby Key there, and solve the rock puzzle with the HM Strength. Once you do, there will be a small earthquake. Now, go to the Tanoby Ruins, choose a ruin, and Unown will apear like wild Pokemon! And the best part is, you can have as many as you want!
Asked in Speleology

How long does it take for dripping water to create an underground cavern?

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It takes thousands of years. Possibly Hundreds of Thousands for major systems. It also takes rather more than just dripping water - which will only drip once a cave has developed with a air space into which it can drip.
Asked in History, Politics & Society, Geology, Speleology, Art History

What was found in Koonalda cave?

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Ancient (Plestocene Era) cave art and carvings of the Aboriginal Australians.
Asked in Geology, Speleology

How do sea caves form?

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Sea caves form by ocean waves pounding at the base of seashore cliffs.
Asked in Atmospheric Sciences, Speleology

What is the difference between a stream and a spring?

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A stream is water runing along the ground through a trench in a down hill direction. A spring is water coming from under the ground to the surface.