Republic of Macedonia

This category covers questions about the Republic of Macedonia, a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe. It declared independence from Yugoslavia on September 8, 1991 which was recognized on April 8, 1993. Since then, the Republic of Macedonia has been disputing with Greece over the use of the word "Macedonia," which is also a region in Greece.

Asked in History of Europe, Albania, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo

Why did most Kosovar refugees flee to Albania or Montenegro?

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The vast majority of Kosovar refugees fled to Albania because the vast majority of Kosovars are ethnic Albanians and knew that in Albania they would not be persecuted. As for Montenegro, it was relatively close by.
Asked in Facebook, Republic of Macedonia

How do you block a page suggestion on Facebook?

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In short, you can't yet. When the notification of page suggestion pop up go there. You will find a cross arrow on the top right of the notification. Click on it to permanently block the pages invitation.
Asked in US Military, Republic of Macedonia

How can you find information about the ancient Macedonian Army?

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Before Philip II / Φίλιππος Β΄, Macedonia/Μακεδονία was a rather primitive society. It was a society of farmers and herders, with comparatively few city dwellers. Unlike the rest of the Greek world, Macedonia did not have self governing cities. The armies of the independent Greek city states were dependent on heavily armed citizen infantry soldiers, the hoplitai/οπλίται. Their defensive arm consisted of a 3ft round wood shield aspis/ασπίς or hoplon/όπλον, covered by bronze and ox-hide, a bronze or iron helmet, a bronze or layered fabric thorax/θώραξ for body protection, and bronze sheen guards. For offensive action they carried a 6 to 9 foot spear, the dory/δόρυ and a short xiphos/ξίφος sword for close quarter action. The more wealthy who could afford to raise and keep a horse were being drafted into the cavalry. With the exception of the Thessalians, the Boeotians and the Macedonians, the Greeks traditionally did not have a strong cavalry, nor they depended much on it. Due to its feudal social structure, Macedonia never had a good and reliable infantry arm. While they did have an infantry organized in the hoplite manner, its effectiveness was, to say the least not impressive. The main powers the Macedonians faced were the Paeonians, to the north and east, the illyrians to the northwest, the Thracians to the East and the Greek cities of the Chalkidice peninsula. They alwasy had to face the southern Greek powers, especially Athens which sought to keep the north Aegean trade routes to the Black Sea open for her commercial fleet. Additionally, the Macedonians always had to keep the balance between the south Greek superpowers namely Athens, Sparta and Thebes. Philip II lived as a hostage in Thebes, between 368 and 365 BC. In Thebes he observed the military techniques of what was then the greatest power in Greece. In 359, when his brother king Perdicas III set out to battle the Illyrians to free north-western Macedonia, the Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat and 4,000 Macedonian soldiers, including their king were left dead on the battlefield. The Illyrians enforced their occupation of north-western Macedonia and were a threat to the very existence of the Macedonian kingdom. Philip ascended on the Macedonian throne in the most grave of times; the country was virtually at the brink of collapse, its neighbors ready to put an end to its independent existence. The Macedonian state was further weakened by internal turmoil. Various claimants to the throne, supported by Thrace, Illyria and Athens were a serious threat to his reign. Philip immediately set himself to reorganize the Macedonian army, making revolutionary changes to its armor and tactics. He armed the Infantry with a 16 to 22 foot pike, the sarissa/σάρισσα and gave each soldier a small 2ft (versus 3ft of the Hoplitai) and took it through gruelling training in long marches carrying supplies and their arms. He only put one helper to every ten soldiers, versus one to one for the traditional hoplite phalanx., saving food and making his infantry more mobile and quick in response. The Macedonian Phalanx/Μακεδονική Φάλαγξ came into being, and it was nothing the rest of the world had seen before. It was usually lined 16 rows deep, giving it depth and strength, while by not placing the soldiers one exactly behind the other, as in the traditional phalanx, the first six lines were able to project their spears beyond the front line, creating an impenetrable line of spear points that terrified the enemy. Philip used the phalanx in a defensive way, as the anvil against which, as his son Alexander masterfully proved throughout Asia, he would maneuver and crash the enemy using his hammer-like offensive arm, the Macedonian cavalry. To help the Pezhetairoi/Πεζεταίροι infantrymen wield the sarissa, the small shield was hung by the left shoulder, and was only partially controlled by the man who now had freed both of his hands to put the sarissa to best use thrusting it forward. After the first 6 lines, the middle rows carried the sarissa partially raised and the back rows had it raised up vertically. In this way it also acted as a shield deflecting enemy arrows, and hid action behind the infantry, usually by the cavalry. The cavalrymen were called Basilikoi Hetairoi/Βασιλικοί Εταίροι, a title that was previously reserved only for the nobles close to the king, his friends. To augment the Macedonian phalanx and its cavalry, Philip and especially Alexander organized allied armies into auxiliary arms, like Cretan archers, Agrianian spear throwers, Thracian Peltasts, slingers, and especially a well organized engineering corps which allowed him to capture cities and do the impossible in places like Tyre, making solid land out of the sea. The Macedonians made great use of the Thessalian cavalry and the Greek traditional phalanx of allied Greeks or other mercenaries. The Macedonian equivalent to the traditional Greek phalanx hoplite, armed with a large aspis/shield and a shorter dory/spear instead of a sarissa were called Hypaspists/Υπασπισταί, meaning "the ones under the shield", and the different corps were differentiated by the metal decoration on their shield: Argyraspides/Αργυράσπιδες, "the silvershields" or Chrysaspides/Χρυσάσπιδες, "the golden shields". One of the greatest strengths of the Macedonian army was its ability to be an all-season army. This was achieved by making the army into a professional full-time corps, whose revenues depended on successful foreign revenues, initially the Thracian silver mines of Pangaion mountain, then on the bottomless Persian treasury and in Hellenistic times by the booming economies of the kingdoms that provided ample tax revenue to keep a standing professional army. The Hellenistic armies made good use of the war elephants too, initially using Indian and later African elephants, with mixed results. The Macedonian navy was never strong and it never played an important role in Philip's conquests, or before him, while Alexander relied more on the Athenian and later on Cypriot navy rather than on his own. The fatal flaw of the never before defeated Macedonian phalanx was its flanks. using the Macedonian phalanx skillfully Pyrrhos/Πυρρηοσ was able to twice defeat the Romans, using elephants and cavalry to disperse them, while Philippos V and his son Perseus suffered disgraceful defeats against the Roman Legion for failing to protect the unwieldy phalanx at its flanks and using it on an purely offensive role, and indeed on hilly ground, against the much more flexible Legion. Having defeated the Macedonian phalanx twice, the Romans later bombastically claimed that had Alexander met them they would have easily defeated him, and he won only because he faced effeminate Asian armies and not real men like the Romans, yet the Romans failed to mention than every time they tried to subdue the Persians they suffered humiliating defeats and lost a few armies in their attempts.
Asked in Flight Times, Republic of Macedonia

How many hours is the flight from Paris France to Johannesburg SA?

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If you go non-stop, about 12 hours. Connecting flights will obviously add to the trip.
Asked in Countries, States, and Cities, Greece, Ancient Greece, Republic of Macedonia

Where is Macedonia?

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Historical Macedonia was an ancient Greek kingdom in the northern Greek peninsula that is today a modern province in the northern Greek peninsula of the Hellenic (Greek) Republic. The unrelated Republic of Macedonia is a small independent republic of the Former Yugoslavia in the southern Balkans, whose land is synonymous with ancient Paeonia/Dardania. Greece is to the south, Serbia to the north, Albania to the west and Bulgaria to the east.
Asked in Parenting and Children, Definitions, Names and Name Meanings, Republic of Macedonia

What does Alexandria mean in Macedonian?

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The meaning of the name Alexandria Alexandria is near cairo and it is a very old city. In the very past is was a city that fishers lived in .it is near the red sea and it is an Egyptian city.
Asked in Ireland, Republic of Macedonia

How many stores do Lidl have in Ireland?

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Around 156 stores on the whole island of Ireland, 124 approx in the ROI and the rest in NI.
Asked in Republic of Macedonia

Is the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia a poor country?

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Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is 2nd world countries. It is competitively poor then western Europe and northan America but rich then South Asia and Africa.
Asked in History of Europe, Republic of Macedonia

What are the former Yugoslav republics?

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*Serbia *Slovenia *Croatia *Bosnia-Herzegovina *Macedonia *Montenegro and soon probably also: *Kosovo
Asked in Alexander the Great, Republic of Macedonia

What year did Alexander the Great become King of Macedonia?

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Alexander III, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, reigned from 336 BCE to 323 BCE
Asked in Languages and Cultures, Republic of Macedonia

What languages are spoken in the Republic of Macedonia FYROM?

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Historically Macedonia in the ancient and modern Macedonia on the northern Greek peninsula has spoken Greek from ancient until modern times. The people of the Former Yugoslav Republic call their language "Macedonian" although it is unrelated to the greek dialect spoken by historical Macedonia. The language is a south slavic, bulgarian dialect but was altered and modified to serve the new republic. Greek like the rest of Greece. The national language is a Slavic language, a West Bulgarian dialect with a Serbian intonation to be exact, which the people self identify as "Macedonian" although it us unrelated to the Doric Greek of the ancient Macedonians. The majority language of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is a south Slavic dialect, more precisely a West Bulgarian dialect with a Serbian intonation. Note*** Although the south Slavic language has been named "Macedonian" by the government of the FYROM, it has nothing in common with the language of the ancient Macedonians who spoke Greek. Albanian is co-official, along with the South Slavic language, in the municipalities where they are spoken by at least 20% of the municipal population. Therefore, Albanian is co-official in Tetovo, Brvenica, Vrapčište and other municipalities.
Asked in Calling and Area Codes, Republic of Macedonia

Where is telephone country code 389?

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Country code +389 (dialed as 00 389 from many places) is the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, a part of the former Yugoslavia, not to be confused with the adjacent historical region of Greece also called Macedonia. Note that you must drop the trunk prefix 0 from the beginning of the FYRMacedonian number when calling internationally. Skopje is area code +389 2. Other landline area codes are in the range +389 31 through +389 48. Mobile numbers begin with +389 7. (The plus sign means "insert your international access prefix here." From a GSM mobile phone, you can enter the number in full international format, starting with the plus sign. The most common prefix is 00, but North America (USA, Canada, etc.) uses 011, Japan uses 010, Australia uses 0011, and many other countries use different prefixes.)
Asked in European Union, Republic of Macedonia

Is FYRMacedonia part of the European Union?

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The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is not a member of the European Union. It may want to join to avail of the benefits of being a member like trade and funding for development.
Asked in Distances and Travel Times, Road Distance, Republic of Macedonia

What is the Distance between Athens to Macedonia?

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The distance between Athens and the capital of Macedonia (Thessaloniki) is about 550kms. There are plenty of ways to travel in Greece, its really easy and cheap to use an airplane.
Asked in History of Europe, Countries, States, and Cities, The Difference Between, Republic of Macedonia

Why does the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia want to be the Republic of Macedonia?

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"For many reasons. Citizens of this country feel as real descendants of the ancient Macedonian kingdom's population , they should keep their name The current population of this country are mostly Slavic , like those in the Kingdom of Macedon . About 33% are Albanian, and among the rest 66% Turks, Bulgarian and other people. The reason there are no greeks & it is right next to the modern Greece is that the regions of Dyktiki and kentriki Makedonia were originaly Macedonian , but in 1913 it was annexed and all of it's inhabitants brutally massacred without mercy . However , Greece has not apologised , given the land back , or even admitted the land was Macedonian . In fact , They still demand Macedonia changes its name to something not associated to the region of their homeland they lost." -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- >>>>> I'm leaving the previous edit as it is and comment on it below, so you can better understand the problem. 1.slavs entered the European territory and more specific the Balkan peninsula in the early 6th century AD. nearly a thousand years after Alexander the Great lived and died. 2.Ancient Macedonian kings identified themselves as Greeks attested many times in ancient scripts. Two of the most vigorous examples: Alexander I ( great-grandfather of Alexander the Great ) the night before the battle of Marathon, as quoted by Thucydides, Philip II ( father of alexander the great ) called for the corinthian panhellenic council to fight united against Persians, in which the defeated (!) city-states voted(!) for the participation or in this war, with the Spartans the only state that declined, as noted by Strabo, Philip II also freed the defeated Athenians he had kept as slaves after those wars, having remorses against enslaving his compatriots. as noted by Strabo, the most Macedonian kings participated in Olympic and other athletic events in which only Greeks were allowed to, after proving their Greek origins to the qualified council call "hellanodikai", Strabo also wrote about the origin of Macedonians that came from Argos in the Peloponnese, thus the name "Argolid" (Argead) dynasty in which Alexander the great was part of 3. The ancient Macedonian kingdom, during the time of Philip II's rule, conquered all the places that he passed through, but DIDN'T acquire any land now occupied by the newly formed state of Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The parts belonging to ancient Macedonia outside of the historical area of Greece constitutes less than 4% dispersed between Albania, FYROM and Bulgaria, which can easily be verified on a map of the ancient kingdom compared to the modern Slavic state. The land on which the Former Yugoslav Republic created its newly founded state contains ancient Dardania and Paeonia. They were separate kingdoms which only paid tribute to the king of Macedon as conquered kingdoms and who only paid tribute until the end of Alexander the Great's reign. 4. After the death of Alexander the Great, there followed a state of decline for the kingdom he left behind. Centuries afterwards, the declining kingdom fell into the hands of the intruding Romans. The Roman empire settles in the greek area and begins to adopt everything Greeks for their empire due to the admiration of Greek civilisation With the elevation of the Greeks to the Eastern Roman empire, the Byzantine Empire was born, (also know as the Empire of the Greeks). Macedonia is subject to the Byzantines till 15th century AD. Greeks have lived in the area now for more millennia. Ottoman Turks conquer the empire, but also the Bulgarian and Slavic hordes to the north that had entered the area from the 6th century AD. With the open administrative units created by the Ottomans, the Greeks were forced to live alongside the Bulgarian, Slavic and Turkish people that had relentlessly tried to invade Greece. The Ottomans having slaughtered many Greeks through the invasion brought in Jews fleeing from Spain to alter the demographics of Greece and weaken the ethnic balance. The Balkan wars saw the Greeks liberate themselves against the Ottoman Turks and fought off the Bulgarians and Slavs who wanted to stake their claim over the lands freed from the Turks due to its strategic value. Ports, valleys and big cities meant economic incline for a country. Slavs needed to forge their way to the sea instead of being landlocked in the peninsula. Greece liberated their land and their people that had been occupied and subjugated by foreigners. The agenda by foreign interests to acquire the historic land of Macedonia continues in reinvented form. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Historical Macedonia was an ancient Greek kingdom on the northern Greek peninsula Modern Macedonia is a Greek province corresponding almost entirely to the ancient Greek kingdom on the northern Greek peninsula. There is an unbroken record of people with a Greek ethnic consciousness, language and cultural identity, continuously inhabiting the land of historical Macedonia from the present to ancient times. The state known as the (Former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia is a newly founded nation of Bulgarians, Slavs, Albanians, Turks and Shutka people to the north of historical Macedonia on land that was in ancient times named Paeonia to the south and Dardania to the north. It's culture, history, land and historical ethnic identity of its population are unrelated to the historical Greek kingdom of ancient Macedonia. The state knows as the (Former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia was a province of The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia named Vardar Banovina, whose communist regime renamed the province by the historical name of Macedonia, to lay claim to the strategic land of northern Greece and forge for itself a path to the Aegean Sea.
Asked in History, Politics & Society, Republic of Macedonia

What is the official currency of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia?

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The official currency of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is the denar. As of January 15th, 2009, about 46 Denars equal 1 US Dollar, about 60 Denars equal 1 Euro, and about 67 Denars equal 1 British pound.
Asked in Postage and Shipping, Republic of Macedonia

How long does it need for a package from the UK to arrive to Macedonia?

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It depends from the Hellenic (Greek) posts. They use to be really slow. It should be max one week. It depends from the Hellenic (Greek) posts. They use to be really slow. It should be max one week.
Asked in Political Office Holders, Republic of Macedonia

Who was the Prime Minister of FYRMacedonia in 2007?

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Nikola Gruevski was the Prime Minister of FYRMacedonia in 2007. Gruevski became the Prime Minister of FYRMacedonia on 2006 August 27. His party, the VMRO-DPMNE was re-elected to power in 2011.
Asked in Political Office Holders, Republic of Macedonia

Who was the Prime Minister of FYRMacedonia in 2008?

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Nikola Gruevski was the Prime Minister of FYRMacedonia in 2008. Gruevski became the Prime Minister of FYRMacedonia on 2006 August 27. His party, the VMRO-DPMNE was re-elected to power in 2011.
Asked in Mexico, Passport Requirements, Republic of Macedonia

Do you need visa to go to Mexico for FYRMacedonians?

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Yes. FYRMacedonian people need to acquire a visa on the Mexican embassy at Serbia.

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